Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - April 12, 2018

Focus

Google appeals against Competition Commission of India’s ‘search bias’ verdict

Organising Ministry

  • Google has filed an appeal at the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal against an order from India’s competition commission that found it guilty of “search bias” and abuse of its dominant position.
  • In February, the Competition Commission of India imposed a 1.36 billion rupees ($20.95 million) fine on Google, saying it was abusing its dominance in online web search and online search advertising markets

National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT)

Formation

  • Section 410 of the Companies Act, 2013

Why

  • for hearing appeals against the orders of National Company Law Tribunal(s) (NCLT), with effect from 1st June, 2016.

Other appellate jurisdiction

  • NCLAT is also the Appellate Tribunal for hearing appeals against the orders passed by NCLT(s) under Section 61 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (IBC).
  • NCLAT is also the Appellate Tribunal for hearing appeals against the orders passed by Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India under Section 202 and Section 211 of IBC.
  • NCLAT is also the Appellate Tribunal to hear and dispose of appeals against any direction issued or decision made or order passed by the Competition Commission of India (CCI).

Enlighten about the composition

  • The President of the Tribunal and the chairperson and Judicial Members of the Appellate Tribunal shall be appointed after consultation with the Chief Justice of India
  • The Members of the Tribunal and the Technical Members of the Appellate Tribunal shall be appointed on the recommendation of a Selection Committee

Selection Committee consists of

  • Chief Justice of India or his nominee—Chairperson.
  • A senior Judge of the Supreme Court or a Chief Justice of High Court— Member.
  • Secretary in the Ministry of Corporate Affairs—Member.
  • Secretary in the Ministry of Law and Justice—Member.
  • Secretary in the Department of Financial Services in the Ministry of Finance— Member.

Enlighten about CCI

  • Competition Commission of India is a statutory body of the Government of India responsible for enforcing The Competition Act, 2002 throughout India and to prevent activities that have an appreciable adverse effect on competition in India.
  • It was established on 14 October 2003. It became fully functional in May 2009

Summits

Happy cities summit -2018

Where

  • To be held in Amravati - Andhra Pradesh.

Organising partners

  • Government of Andhra Pradesh is hosting it, the event partners are Dalberg, Confederation of Indian Industries, and Centre for Liveable Cities (Singapore).

Enlighten about the summit

  • Its an event to bringing the best of minds in urban innovation across the world.
  • It will be centered on the foundational principles of happy cities: ‘Citizen-centric governance’, ‘Liveable Communities’, ‘Clean & Healthy Environment’, and ‘Vibrant Economies’.
  • Objective of the summit is to evolve a framework for thinking about and measuring ‘city happiness’ as well as a declaration and set of principles for guiding policy and action in the development of ‘happy cities’, especially relevant for cities in the developing world.

Reforms

Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945 The Drugs Technical Advisory Board

What’s the NEWS

  • The Union Health Ministry has banned over-the-counter sale of around 14 creams containing steroids and antibiotics under the Schedule H category

How its been done

  • by making amendments to certain Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945.
  • In consultation with the Drugs Technical Advisory Board which recommended a ban on the sale of such creams without prescription and had also submitted their recommendations to the Central Drugs Standards Control Organisation.

The Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation(CDSCO)

  • It comes under Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India
  • It is the National Regulatory Authority (NRA) of India.
  • CDSCO is responsible for approval of New Drugs, Conduct of Clinical Trials, laying down the standards for Drugs, control over the quality of imported Drugs in the country
  • CDSCO along with state regulators, is jointly responsible for grant of licenses of certain specialized categories of critical Drugs such as blood and blood products, I. V. Fluids, Vaccine and Sera.

Drugs Technical Advisory Board (DTAB)

  • It is the highest decision-making body under the Union health ministry on technical matters.
  • Director General of Health Services (DGHS) is the ex-officio chairman of this statutory body

Schedule H drugs

  • These drugs cannot be purchased over counter without the prescription of a doctor.

Conferences

The 11th World Hindi Conference (WHC) Will be organized in August 2018

  • Where Mauritius

Organising ministry

  • by the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India in association with the Government of Mauritius.

Enlighten about the conference

  • The event, held once in three years, is dedicated to Hindi language.
  • It sees participation from Hindi scholars, writers and laureates from different parts of the world who contribute to the language.
  • The decision to organize the 11th edition of the Conference in Mauritius was taken at the 10th World Hindi Conference held in Bhopal, India in September 2015.
  • The first World Hindi Conference was held in 1975 in Nagpur, India..
  • The main theme of the Conference is “Vaishvik Hindi Aur Bharatiy Sanskriti”.
  • The MEA has also set up the World Hindi Secretariat in Mauritius.

Sources – the hindu, pib, live mint