Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - April 21, 2018

Focus

Chief Justice of India Impeachment

  • A motion to impeach Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra has been submitted by the leaders of opposition to the chairman of the Rajya Sabha M. Venkaiah Naidu
  • Chief Justice Dipak Misra is the 45th Chief Justice of India

Enlighten about the impeachment of the judge by Parliament

  • Being a constitutional positions, the Chief Justice of India can a be impeached by providing the necessary steps as laid out in the Constitution
  • This is not the first time impeachment has been mentioned in the same sentence as a sitting judge.
  • Justice V. Ramaswami was the first judge against whom impeachment proceedings were initiated.

Constitutional procedure

  • Article 124(4) of the Constitution of India states: “A Judge of the Supreme Court shall not be removed from his office except by an order of the President passed after an address by each House of Parliament supported by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that House present and voting has been presented to the President in the same session for such removal on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity.”
  • 100 Lok Sabha MPs or 50 Rajya Sabha MPs is the minimum number of signatories required to issue the notice.
  • The notice has to be handed over either to the Speaker if it is from Lok Sabha MPs or to the Chairman if it is Rajya Sabha MPs. The Chairman of the Rajya Sabha is the Vice President of India.
  • If and when the motion is admitted, the Speaker or the Chairman will have to constitute a three-member committee to investigate the charges levelled against the Supreme Court judge.
  • This committee will consist of a senior Supreme Court judge, a High Court judge and a ‘distinguished jurist’ — who is a highly qualified law professor who has been appointed as a Supreme Court judge by the President of India.
  • The three-member committee has to support the motion for it to be sent back to the House where it was introduced.
  • In the House, it has to be discussed and passed with a special majority — not less than two-thirds.
  • This means, in case of a full House seated, at least 364 Members should be have voted for the motion in the Lok Sabha, and 164 Members in the Rajya Sabha.
  • This will then pass on to the other House where it has to be passed by special majority again. Once it passes both the Houses of Parliament, the President can be approached to remove the Chief Justice of India.

Parliamentary reforms

Central Project Monitoring Unit for e-Vidhan project launched at Parliament House Annexee-Vidhan mission mode project to make functioning of State Legislatures in India paperless

  • Union Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs, Statistics and Programme Implementation, Shri Vijay Goel inaugurated the new office of Central Project Monitoring Unit for the e-Vidhan project of the Government at the Parliament House Annexe.
  • This was done as a part of Swachhata Pakhwada being observed by the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs from 16th to 30th April, 2018.

Enlighten about e-Vidhan

  • It is a mission mode project to digitize and make the functioning of State Legislatures in India paperless.
  • It is a part of the broader Digital India Programme of the Government and is likely to contribute to the cleanliness & environment by reducing the use of papers to a great extent.
  • The Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs is the Nodal Ministry for the project.
  • It is taking all the necessary steps for rolling out the Project in all the States at an early date.
  • One of the key component of the strategy devised for implementation of the project is to create Project Monitoring Units both at Central as well as State levels.

Ministry of Power

Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited" to "SJVN Limited" SJVN signs MoU with Ministry of Power

  • SJVN Limited, the operator of one of the largest Hydro Power Plants in the country i.e. 1500 MW Nathpa Jhakri Hydro Power Station, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Ministry of Power
  • The targets set in the MOU, SJVN shall strive to achieve 9200 Million Units generation during the year under ‘Excellent’ category.
  • Currently, SJVN has four projects with capacity of 1610 MW under construction and another four projects with capacity of 2155 MW under various stages of clearances, soon to enter construction. SJVN envisages being a 5700 MW+ generating company in coming years.

Environment

Coastal Regulation Zone A new draft Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification, 2018 has been framed

Concerned Ministry

  • The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC)

Enlighten about the salient features of the draft

  • CRZ limits on land along the tidal influenced water bodies has been proposed to be reduced from 100 meters or the width of the creek, whichever is less, to 50 meters or the width of the creek, whichever is less.
  • A No Development Zone (NDZ) of 20 meters has been proposed to be stipulated for all Islands close to the main land coast and for all Backwater Islands in the main land.

For CRZ-III areas, two separate categories have been proposed viz.:

  • CRZ-III A – Densely populated rural areas with a population density of 2161 per square kilometre as per 2011 Census.
  • Such areas shall have an NDZ of 50 meters from the HTL as against 200 meters from the HTL stipulated in the CRZ Notification, 2011.
  • CRZ-III B – Rural areas with population density of below 2161 per square kilometre as per 2011 Census.
  • Such areas shall continue to have an NDZ of 200 meters from the HTL..

Project clearance

  • Projects which are located in the CRZ-I & IV areas, shall be dealt with for CRZ clearance by the MoEF&CC.
  • For all other project activities located in CRZ-II/III areas, CRZ clearance shall be considered at the level of the CZMA.

Floor space Index

  • As per CRZ, 2011 Notification, for CRZ-II areas, Floor Space Index (FSI) or the Floor Area Ratio (FAR) had been frozen at 1991 Development Control Regulation (DCR) levels.
  • In the Draft CRZ, 2018 Notification, it has been proposed to de-freeze the same and permit FSI for construction projects.

Mining field

  • Regulated limestone mining is proposed to be permitted, subject to strict Environmental safeguards, in areas adequately above the height of HTL, based on recommendations of reputed National Institutes in the Mining field.

Plastic/Mangroves

  • It prevent the disposal of plastic into the coastal waters and mandate the compensatory plantation of three times the mangrove area destroyed for development works.
  • Mangroves in private land will not require a buffer zone.
  • Eco-tourism activities such as mangrove walks, tree huts, nature trails, and so on will be allowed in these areas through the development of coastal zone management plans (CZMPs) and public consultation.

Enlighten about Coastal Regulation Zone or CRZ

  • It is a coastal land up to 500m from the High Tide Line and a range of 100m along banks of creeks, estuaries, backwaters and rivers subject to tidal fluctuations is CRZ.

It is divided into 4 zone
1. CRZ I – The ecologically sensitive areas, essential in maintaining ecosystem of the coast lie between the HTL and LTL. Only exploration of natural gas and extraction of salt is permitted.
2. CRZ II – These areas form up to the shoreline of the coast. Authorized structures are not allowed to be constructed in this zone.
3. CRZ III – This includes rural and urban localities. Only certain activities relating to agriculture and public utilities allowed here.
4. CRZ IV – This includes the aquatic area up to the territorial limit (12 nautical miles). Fishing and allied activities permitted in this zone. Solid waste can be let off in this zone.

Science and Tech

The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS)

  • NASA’s planet-hunting satellite was recently launched on a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
  • It will look for planets orbiting the brightest stars in Earth’s sky.
  • TESS will monitor at least 200,000 stars for signs of exoplanets, ranging from Earth-sized rocky worlds to huge gas giant planets.
  • This mission will help astronomers better understand the structure of solar systems outside of our Earth, and provide insights into how our own solar system formed.

Sources – The Hindu, PIB, Indian Express