Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - April 24, 2018

Local Governance

Rashtriya Gramin Swaraj Abhiyan Launched in district of Madhya Pradesh on the National Panchayati Raj Day – 24 April 2018

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan at Ramnagar in Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh.
  • At the event, Prime Minister Modi addressed panchayats across the country

The Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan will strengthen the Panchayati Raj system across the country and address critical gaps that constrain its success. RGSA seeks to:

  • Enhance capacities and effectiveness of Panchayats and the Gram Sabhas;
  • Enable democratic decision-making and accountability in Panchayats and promote people's participation;
  • Strengthen the institutional structure for knowledge creation and capacity building of Panchayats;
  • Promote devolution of powers and responsibilities to Panchayats according to the spirit of the Constitution and PESA Act;
  • Strengthen Gram Sabhas to function effectively as the basic forum of peoples participation, transparency and accountability within the Panchayat system;
  • Create and strengthen democratic local self-government in areas where Panchayats do not exist;
  • Strengthen the constitutionally mandated framework on which Panchayats are founded.

Enlighten about National Panchayati Raj Day

  • National Local Self-Government day is the national day of India celebrated by Ministry of Panchayati Raj on 24 April annually.
  • Then Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh inaugurated the first National Panchayati Raj Day in 2010.
  • He mentioned that if Panchayati Raj institutions (PRIs) functioned properly and locals participated in the development process, the Maoist threat could be countered

Business

National Policy on E-Commerce First framework meeting to be held

  • Minister of Commerce & Industry and Civil Aviation, Suresh Prabhu, will chair the first meeting of the think tank on the Framework for National Policy on E-commerce to be held on April 24th, 2018.
  • The think tank on the Framework for National Policy on E-commerce
  • The think tank has been established recently by the Department of Commerce.
  • It will provide a credible forum for an inclusive and fact-based dialogue leading to recommendations for informed policy making, so that the country is adequately prepared to take advantage of the opportunities, and meet the challenges, that would arise from the next wave of advancements in digital economy.
  • The think tank on the Framework for National Policy on E-commerce will seek to collectively deliberate on the challenges confronting India in the arena of digital economy with a view to developing recommendations for a comprehensive and overarching national policy on e-commerce.
  • Representatives of almost fifty organisations are expected to participate in the first meeting of the think tank on the Framework for National Policy on E-commerce to be held on 24 April 2018.

Women and Child Development

Inter-country removal & retention of children, to the WCD Minister Report submitted by the Committee headed by Justice Rajesh Committee recommends setting up of ‘Inter Country Parental Child Removal Disputes Resolution Authority’

What’s the report is all about

  • legal issues related to inter country removal & retention of children, and recommends on addressing the problems of parents and children involved in such issues.
  • The Ministry of Women and Child Development had appointed the Committee.

Enlighten about the report

  • the Committee has recommended that the Government may establish an ‘Inter Country Parental Child Removal Disputes Resolution Authority’.
  • a one window solution in cases of inter country removal and retention of Children.
  • The Committee has recommended that the Authority may examine the inter country cases of removal and retention of children vis-a-vis the cultural context, merit of the case, and the best interest of the Child.

National

Adilabad Dokra and Warangal Durries get GI tag

  • Adilabad Dokra, an ancient bell metal craft popular in the tribal regions of Adilabad district in Telangana, and Warangal Durries, which has brought much acclaim to the weaver community of Warangal region, have been issued the Geographical Indication (GI) Registration Certificate by the GI Registry, Chennai.

Enlighten about the The GI certification

  • GI Certification of these crafts will help the authentic producers to earn a premium on their products
  • GI tag can be used as a marketing tool to promote the products in India and abroad.
  • The Technology Centre of CII has facilitated State Handicrafts Development Corporation towards the registrations of Adilabad Dokra and Warangal Durries as Geographical Indications.
  • GI Protection benefits both producers and consumers. While the latter have access to a genuine product, the former have opportunity to build brands and will be protected against a loss of their business against individuals involved in fake/counterfeit production.
  • The Dokra craftsmen belong to the Woj community, called Wojaris and also called as Otaris in Telangana.
  • The uniqueness of Adilabad Dokra is that no two pieces are alike in shape as well as in size and hence replica of the antique is nearly not possible, which is the add-on speciality.

Economy

Remittances India retained the top position as a recipient of remittances

  • Indian diaspora sending about $69 billion back home last year
  • Remittances to India picked up sharply by 9.9%
  • India continued to top in terms of receiving remittance, and was followed by China ($64 billion), the Philippines ($33 billion), Mexico ($31 billion), Nigeria ($22 billion) and Egypt ($20 billion).
  • Reversing the previous year’s sharp decline (8.9% in 2016), remittances to India in 2017 picked up by 9.9%

Sources – The Hondu, PIB, Indian express