Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - April 26, 2018

Government Schemes

Unnat Bharat Abhiyan 2.0 750 Higher Education Institutions to get together for Development of Rural India

    Implementing agency

  • Human Resource Development Ministry

Objective

  • Students from colleges and universities will go to nearby villages to get acquainted with the life of the village people and the problems faced by them in day to day life.
  • Identification and solving issues relating to health, cleanliness, waste management, plantation, financial inclusion, women and child development etc.
  • 750 institutions chosen in the first lot.

Enlighten about Unnat Bharat Abhiyan

  • Participation of Higher Education
  • Unnat Bharat Abhiyan is a flagship programme of the Ministry of Human Resources Development, with the intention to enrich Rural India.
  • The knowledge base and resources of the Premier Institutions of the country are to be leveraged to bring in transformational change in rural developmental process.
  • It also aims to create a vibrant relationship between the society and the higher educational institutes, with the latter providing the knowledge and technology support to improve the livelihoods in rural areas and to upgrade the capabilities of both the public and private organisations in the society.
  • Under the Unnat Bharat Abhiyan 2.0, the institutions have been selected on a Challenge Mode and the scheme has been extended to 750 reputed Higher Educational Institutes (both public and private) of the country.
  • IIT Delhi has been designated to function as the National Coordinating Institute for this programme
  • Each selected institute would adopt a cluster of villages / panchayats and gradually expand the outreach over a period of time.

International Organisations

Meeting of the Development Committee (DC) of the World Bank Group + IMF and The Restricted Session of the International Monetary and Finance Committee (IMFC)

  • held in Washington D.C.
  • Enlighten about the IMF Board of Governors

It is advised by two ministerial committees –

  • the International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC) and
  • the Development Committee.

Enlighten about IMFC

  • 24 members
  • The IMFC meets twice a year
  • The Committee discusses matters of common concern affecting the global economy and also advises the IMF on the direction its work.
  • At the end of the Meetings, the Committee issues a joint communiqué summarizing its views.
  • These communiqués provide guidance for the IMF’s work program during the six months leading up to the next Spring or Annual Meetings.
  • There is no formal voting at the IMFC, which operates by consensus.

Development committee

  • It is a joint committee, tasked with advising the Boards of Governors of the IMF and the World Bank on issues related to economic development in emerging and developing countries.
  • The committee has 24 members
  • It represents the full membership of the IMF and the World Bank and mainly serves as a forum for building intergovernmental consensus on critical development issues.

12th edition of the South Asian Climate Outlook Forum (SASCOF) It’s a Sixth SASCOF meeting hosted by India

  • Where - Pune meeting.
  • The Forum was attended by meteorologists from Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Myanmar and Sri Lanka.
  • supported by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

Enlighten about SASCOF

  • Established in 2010 as a platform where meteorologists from South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) member countries +Myanmar, could discuss some of the common weather and climate-related matters.
  • SASCOFs prepare consensus seasonal climate information on a regional scale that provide a consistent basis for preparing national level outlooks.
  • To understand and enhance the use of climate information as orchestrated and supported by the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS).

Environment

Sunderban Reserve Forest

What’s the NEWS

  • Approval given by the West Bengal government
  • State Forest Department to apply for recognition of Sunderban Reserve Forest under the Ramsar Convention.
  • If conferred with the status of Being a wetland of international importance
  • It will bring a lot of international scientific attention and intervention to the area.
  • It will be the largest protected wetland in the country.

Enlighten about Sunderbans

  • The Indian Sunderbans, with 2,114 sq. km. of mangrove forests, comprise almost 43% of the mangrove cover in the country according to a 2017 Forest Survey of India report.
  • It is also a home to about 100 Royal Bengal tigers, the creeks and river systems of the Sunderbans are also part of the reserve forest.

Enlighten about Ramsar convention

  • The Convention on Wetlands, called the Ramsar Convention
  • It is an inter-governmental treaty that provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources.
  • Adopted in 1971 in Ramsar, an Iranian city, the Convention came into force in 1975. Since then, almost 90% of UN member states have acceded to become “Contracting Parties”.
  • There are currently 26 sites in India recognised as Ramsar wetland sites of international importance, including the East Kolkata Wetlands also in West Bengal.

Pre Facts

Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna

  • The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today released a commemorative postage stamp on former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Late Shri Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna.
  • Shri Bahuguna’s contributions in the education sector, and development in the hilly areas of the country.

Defence

IN LCU L53 3rd Landing Craft Utility – Commissioned at port Blair Mk-IV Project

  • The third ship of the Landing Craft Utility (LCU) Mk-IV project was inducted into the Indian Navy
  • The ship was commissioned as INLCU L53
  • Designed and built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE), Kolkata,

Enlighten about LCU MK-IV ship

  • It is an amphibious ship with a displacement of 830 Tons and is capable of transporting combat equipment such as Main Battle Tanks Arjun, T72 and other Armoured Vehicles.
  • The ship is fitted with state-of-the-art equipment and advanced systems such as the Integrated Bridge System (IBS) and the Integrated Platform Management System (IPMS).
  • The indigenous CRN 91 Gun with Stabilised Optronic Pedestal provides the ship the requisite offensive capability for undertaking patrolling in addition.
  • The remaining five ships of the project are in an advanced stage of construction and are scheduled to be inducted into Indian Navy over the next year and half.

Sources – PIB, The Hindu, Indian Express