Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - April 28, 2018

Environment

Fejervarya goemchia new species of frog discovered

Where –

  • Western Ghats – parts of Goa
  • The new species is named after the historical name of the state of Goa.
  • Terrestrial frogs but they need water bodies to continue for survival.

Facts

First Woman Lawyer to be Appointed As Supreme Court Judge

Senior lawyer Indu Malhotra

  • The Supreme Court collegium led by Chief Justice of India (CJI) Dipak Misra has unanimously recommended the name of senior advocate Indu Malhotra for appointment as a Supreme Court judge.
  • With the approval of law ministry, she will become the first woman lawyer from India to be directly elected to the post of judge in the Supreme Court.

SUPREME COURT AND THE WOMAN JUDGES

  • Supreme Court was established almost 68 years ago on January 28, 1950
  • Indu Malhotra will be the seventh woman judge in SC in 67 years
  • Justice M Fathima Beevi was the first woman judge of the Supreme Court, appointed in 1989, 39 years after SC was first established
  • Currently, Justice R Banumathi is the only woman judge in SC among a panel of 25 judges, when the sanctioned strength of the judges is 31

Enlighten about the exercise

  • A joint training exercise HARIMAU SHAKTI will be conducted in the dense forests of Sengai Perdik, Hulu Langat, Malaysia from 30 April 18 to 13 May 18.
  • The exercise is aimed at bolstering cooperation & coordination between armed forces of both the nations and to share the expertise of both the contingents in conduct of counter insurgency operations in jungle terrain.
  • Indian contingent is being represented by one of the oldest infantry battalions, 4 GRENADIERS having rich operational experience in conventional as well as counter insurgency warfare.
  • The Malaysian contingent is being represented by soldiers from 1 Royal Ranjer Regiment and the Royal Malay Regiment, known for their experience in Jungle Warfare.

Science & Technology

National Intellectual Property (IP) Award 2018 Top R&D Institution for Patents and Commercialization- CSIR

  • The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) is awarded the National Intellectual Property (IP) Award 2018
  • Category - Top R&D Institution / Organization for Patents and Commercialization

Enlighten about CSIR

  • The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) is a contemporary R&D organization.
  • It has been ranked 9th in the world amongst the 1207 government institutions, with an overall global ranking of 75 in the world
  • Pioneer of India’s intellectual property movement, CSIR today is strengthening its patent portfolio to carve out global niches in select technology domains.
  • CSIR Laboratories have been developing and providing Technology focused at the unmet need and the cutting edge knowledgebase and human resource on the other, for socio-economic development in the Country.
  • The Indian Intellectual Property Office confers National Intellectual Property (IP) Award on outstanding innovators, organizations and companies in the fields of patents, designs, trademarks and geographical indications on the occasion of World IP Day every year.

World Intellectual Property Day

  • It is observed annually on 26 April
  • The event was established by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 2000
  • Objective - to "raise awareness of how patents, copyright, trademarks and designs impact on daily life" and "to celebrate creativity, and the contribution made by creators and innovators to the development of societies across the globe
  • 26 April was chosen as the date for World Intellectual Property Day because it coincides with the date on which the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization entered into force in 1970.

Index/Reports

World Press Freedom Index India’s Rank - 136

Publishing Agency

  • Reporters Without Borders (RSF)

Enlighten about the report

  • The Index ranks 180 countries according to the level of freedom available to journalists.
  • Media freedom based on an evaluation of pluralism, independence of the media, quality of legislative framework and safety of journalists in each country.
  • The Index calculates a global indicator and regional indicators that evaluate the overall performance of countries (in the world and in each region) as regards media freedom.
  • It is an absolute measure that complements the Index’s comparative rankings.
  • The global indicator is the average of the regional indicators, each of which is obtained by averaging the scores of all the countries in the region, weighted according to their population as given by the World Bank.
  • The colour categories are assigned as follows: good (white), fairly good (yellow), problematic (yellow), bad (red) and very bad (black).
  • Norway ranked first for followed by Sweden.
  • India has dropped from rank 136 last year to rank 138 this year.
  • SAARC nations: Afghanistan (118), Bhutan (94), Nepal (106), the Maldives (120), and Sri Lanka (131)

Sources – PIB, The Hindu, IE, Livemint