Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - August 18, 2018

Food Processing

International Conference on Recent Advances in Food Processing Technology (iCRAFPT)

What

  • International Conference on Recent Advances in Food Processing Technology (iCRAFPT)

Where

  • Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology, Thanjavur in Tamilnadu.

Inaugural address highlighted

  • The bumper production and diversification of agriculture has brought in new challenges for everybody in view of the large scale food wastage on one hand and seasonal & regional demand & there supply issues of many commodities.

Enlighten about the statics of Food processing Industry

  • The unorganised segment dominates in numbers (about 25,00,000 in 2015-16) of small enterprises and workers, but the organised segment (about 40,000) dominates in terms of value of the output and investment.
  • The percentage share of the organised/registered food processors are hardly 1.5 percent of the total food processors.
  • The first tier technology should target the unorganized sector who can be encouraged to concentrate on primary processing and provide strong supply link to the high-end secondary and tertiary processing.
  • The second tier should deal with sophistication of secondary and tertiary processing of high value products and enable industry to compete and stand up shoulder to shoulder with world food processing industries.

Enlighten about IIFPT

  • The Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology (IIFPT), a premier national Institute working under the administrative control of Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI), Government of India functioning from its headquarters in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu.
  • Besides delivering research and education in food processing, the institute has been incubating farmers, entrepreneurs and aspiring youth for prospective food business ventures.
  • Considering this importance and promotion of food processing among the farmers, budding entrepreneurs and researchers.
  • The institute has been organizing an International Conference on Recent Advances in Food Processing Technology (iCRAFPT) during 17th to 19th August 2018 with the theme of Doubling farmers’ income through food processing.

Ministry of Home Affairs

NCMC meets for the second time in two days to review flood situation in Kerala

Enlighten about The National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC)

  • For effective implementation of relief measures in the wake of a natural calamity, the Cabinet may set up a committee.
  • On the constitution of such a committee of the Cabinet, the Agriculture Secretary shall provide all necessary information to and seek directions if any, of the Cabinet Committee in all matters concerning relief in the wake of natural calamity and take steps for effective implementation of its directions.
  • In the absence of such a Cabinet Committee, all matter relating to relief shall be reported to the Cabinet Secretary.

National Crisis Management Committee(NCMC)

  • A National Crisis Management Committee(NCMC) has been constituted in the Cabinet Secretariat. The composition of the Committee is as under:-
  • Cabinet Secretary Chairman, Secretary to Prime Minister Member, Secretary (MHA) Member, Secretary (MCD) Member
  • When a situation is to be handled also by the NCMC, it will give such directions to the Crisis Management Group of the Ministry as deemed necessary.
  • The Secretary(A&C) will be responsible for ensuring that all developments are brought to the notice of the NCMC promptly.

Crisis Management Group

  • There shall be a Crisis Management Group (CMG) for dealing with matters relating to relief in the wake of major natural

CMG - Meeting

  • The CMG will meet atleast twice in a year in the months of December/January and May/June and as often as may be required by the Relief Commissioner.
  • The CMG will meet in the chamber of Relief Commissioner in Krishi Bhavan, New Delhi unless otherwise indicated.

The CMG will:

  • Review every year Contingency Plans formulated by the Central Ministries/Departments;
  • Review the measures required for dealing with a natural calamity
  • Coordinate the activities of the Central Ministries and the State Governments in relation to disaster preparedness and relief, and

Urban Development

Civic bodies can raise more funds City-level GDP data will help them make better decisions

Smart city - There are three main components

  • An improved quality of life, a robust economy leading to job creation, and sustainability built into every aspect.
  • But it cannot be improved as it cannot be measured

Solution

  • A city-level GDP calculation would help give shape to the economic indicators needed
  • City-level GDP data, could help municipal bodies make better decisions on needed infrastructure and investment, and also leverage their economic strength to raise funds to finance their needs.

Example of Pune municipal corporation —

  • PMC had been able to raise ₹200 crore in municipal bonds at a respectable 7.59% rate
  • That ambition to raise funds from the market will come once they start benchmarking their economies
  • One of the aims of the Smart Cities Mission has been to increase the share of municipal financing of infrastructure projects.

Enlighten about the approach for calculating the city-level GDP

  • The EIU has recommended a top-down approach based on sectoral income data for the calculation of city-level GDP as it would balance detail and resource-effectiveness in the long term.
  • However the data requirements may be too challenging and a top-down approach using household expenditure data may be more feasible in the short term.

Proposal for city-level GDP under study Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA)

What

  • The Centre is planning to bring out city-level GDP data.
  • This could help both cities and investors make wise decisions, and also help municipal bodies raise funds for their own infrastructure needs
  • The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) — the research and analysis division of the same group which brings out the UK’s The Economist news magazine — recently did a feasibility study of various models to calculate city-level GDPs for the MoHUA.
  • Its report was released earlier this week.
  • If the project is approved, the process to calculate GDP for a pilot city is likely to begin by the end of the year
  • The urban sector is likely to account for three-fourths or 75% of India’s GDP by 2020, according to government data as well as several external reports.
  • This is a sharp spike from 1951, when the urban sector only accounted for 29% of the national GDP. By 1981, it was 45%, and by 2011, it had crossed the 60% mark.
  • A recent study by Brookings Institution found that several Indian cities rank in the 300 global cities with the fastest GDP growth rate.
  • Global Metro Monitor report, released in June 2018, estimated that Hyderabad’s GDP was growing at 8.7%, followed by Surat at 7.9%, comparable with the fastest growing Chinese cities that dominate the list.

Housing & Urban Affairs

Ease of Living Index

  • Ease of Living Index launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs on 13th August 2018 has attracted wide public enthusiasm and provided an opportunity to Urban Planners, Municipal Authorities and public at large a baseline data for wider public debate.
  • It is expected that the baseline data will fulfill the demands of cross section of people in aspiring for a better quality of life form their city administration.
  • This is a unique exercise and is based on an open and participatory assessment of cities along with physical audit of urban metrics in a transparent manner.
  • The assessment, certainly, is more than just a ranking exercise.
  • It marks the beginning of the creation of a robust baseline along 78 urban metrics and seeks to drive evidence-based thinking on urban planning and development.
  • It has also initiated an healthy competition between the cities based on the rankings and generated acute interest, comparisons, critiques and analysis by citizens and experts in the public domain.
  • Two rounds of quality control and excel-based audit were performed on the data provided by the cities and errors were identified.
  • Every city was given an opportunity to fix the errors and update their data sheets.
  • This was followed by a round of document-based audit by a set of independent professionals to validate the veracity of the data.

Bilateral Relations

11th World Hindi Conference

Where

  • Capital city Port Lois (Mauritius) from August 18 20, 2018.

Enlighten about it

  • It was inaugurated by Prime Minister of Mauritius Praveen Kumar Jagannath and was attended by External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj
  • The theme of the Conference is “Vaishvik Hindi Aur Bharatiy Sanskriti“.
  • This conference has been organised by Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India in association with Government of Mauritius.
  • The venue of Conference was Swami Vivekanand International Convention Centre, Mauritius.
  • The conference provided common platform to several Hindi scholars, write and laureates from different parts of the world to contribute language.
  • It was attended by delegates from India and various countries of the world.
  • For the first time in the conference, representatives from all 29 states and Union Territories of Delhi, Chandigarh and Puducherry attended the conference.

World Hindi Conference

  • It was started in 1975 to make Hindi language medium of service and knowledge and enable it to move forward with time
  • 1st World Hindi Conference was held from 10 to 12 January 1975 Nagpur, Maharashtra and was inaugurated by then Prime Minister Indi Gandhi.
  • To commemorate this event, every year 10th January is being observed as World Hindi Day.

Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare

Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare proposes to United Nations Food & Agriculture Organization to declare an upcoming year as “International Year of Millets”

What

  • The Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare, Shri Radha Mohan Singh has written to the Director General, United Nations Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO) and proposed the declaration of an upcoming year as “International Year of Millets”.

Why

  • To garner wider global attention and action, India has mooted a proposal for declaration of an upcoming year as International Year of Millets.
  • India is celebrating 2018 as the National Year of Millets and is promoting cultivation by amending cropping pattern of areas which are especially susceptible to climate change.
  • Millets are highly nutritious and useful in various lifestyle diseases, enhancing resilience and risk management in face of climate change especially for small and marginal farmers.
  • The government recently increased the MSP of millets by more than 50 per cent of cost of production which is an important component of efforts to achieve the national commitment of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.
  • The Minister has requested the inclusion of this proposal in the agenda of the 26th session of the Committee on Agriculture (COAG) meeting, scheduled during October 1-5, 2018 in Rome.
  • Popularizing millets will also benefit future generations of farmers as well as consumers.

Benefits of Millets

  • Millet is common term to categorize small-seeded grasses that are often termed nutri-cereals or dryland-cereals.
  • It mainly includes sorghum, ragi, pea millet, small millet, proso millet, foxtail millet, barnyard millet, kodo millet etc.
  • The are adapted to harsh environment of semi-arid tropics.
  • They require low or no purchased inputs, thus they are backbone for dry land agriculture.
  • Millets are nutritionally superior to wheat and rice

Sources – PIB , The Hindu . Indian express