Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - August 18, 2017

Tribal Affairs

TRIFED celebrates World Honey Bee Day

  • Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED)
  • Celebrating World Honey Bee Day (WHBD) on 19.08.2017
  • To create awareness about Beekeeping and uses of its products including Honey
  • Beekeeping has been useful in pollination of crops, thereby, increasing income of the farmers/beekeepers by way of increasing crop yield and providing honey and other beehive products, viz. royal jelly, bee pollen, propolis, bees wax, etc. that serves a source of livelihood for rural poor.
  • Therefore, honeybees/ beekeeping has been recognised as one of the important inputs for sustainable development of agriculture/ horticulture.

Enlighten about TRIFED

  • TRIFED is an apex organisation at National Level and functioning under the administrative control of Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
  • TRIFED is serving the interests of Tribals, who are engaged in collection of NTFP and making of Tribal Art & Handicraft Products for their livelihood also undertaking marketing development of the tribal products.
  • Honey, being an important Minor Forest Produce, TRIFED is playing and lead role in protecting, promoting and multiplication of Honey Bees by Scientific, Non-destructive collection practices, thereby increasing the livelihood of tribal people living in various forest areas of the country.

National

Mekedatu dam project

  • STATES OF CONFLICT – Between Karnataka & Tamil nadu
  • The Supreme Court has asked the Karnataka and Tamil Nadu governments to envision the Mekedatu dam project as a facility to store excess water from Karnataka, which can be released to Tamil Nadu.
  • The suggestion was mooted during the hearing of appeals in the Cauvery case.
  • Tamil Nadu has indicated that it was agreeable to the proposition, provided that such an arrangement was under the control and supervision of an independent third party.

Enlighten about the project

Apps will facilitate the availability of FASTags for Electronic Toll Collection

  • Karnataka intends to build a reservoir across river Cauvery near Mekedatu in Kanakapura taluk.
  • It was first proposed along with Shivanasamudra hydro power project at Shimsa in 2003 with an intention to use the water for a hydro power station and supply drinking water to Bengaluru city.
  • The drinking water and hydroelectric project will have a balancing reservoir to store 66.50 tmcft of Cauvery water.
  • The project is estimated to cost 5,912 crore and about 4,900 hectares of forest land will submerge if the project is implemented.

Environment

Harit Diwali, Swasth Diwali

  • LAUNCHED BY - Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

THE MINISTRY WILL CONDUCT –

  • Various activities to create awareness among various stakeholders and encourage people to participate in combating air pollution.

WHY NEEDED?

  • Diwali is an integral part of our rich tradition and a festival that embodies joy and happiness.
  • In recent times, the pattern of celebration has changed somewhat and has got associated with excessive bursting of crackers, which contributes significantly to air and noise pollution.
  • As a result, there has been a significant impact on the environment and health of the people in the past few years
  • Airborne pollution has been rising above safe limits during winter in many cities
  • The excessive burning of crackers during Diwali aggravates the problem.
  • The pollution levels in Delhi last year, especially post Diwali, reached such levels that the government had to declare an emergency situation, which had socio-economic consequences like closing down of schools, construction sites and power stations.

Bilateral Engagements

Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES)

  • Co- hosted by – US & INDIA
  • When – November 2017
  • Where – Hyderabad
  • The Summit - will create an environment that empowers innovators, particularly women, to take their ideas to the next level
  • Theme - Women First, Prosperity for All,” which highlights that when women do better, countries do better
  • 1,500 delegates from over 160 countries will participate in the Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES).

Enlighten about the summit:

  • The summit organised annually since 2010, is the preeminent annual entrepreneurship gathering that convenes over one thousand emerging entrepreneurs, investors, and supporters from around the world.
  • This year marks the first GES held in South Asia, and the event underscores the broad and enduring partnership with India.
  • The summit will focus on four key industry sectors: Energy and Infrastructure, Healthcare and Life Sciences, Financial Technology and Digital Economy, and Media and Entertainment.

India –China

Recent clash – along the pangong lake (Ladakh)

  • The People’s Liberation Army tried to penetrate into the Indian side.
  • Indian and Chinese soldiers have been facing off against each other for more than two months

Pangon lake

  • Located in the Himalayas at the height of approximately 4,350 m
  • 135-km long lake
  • 45 km stretch, is in Indian control while the rest of the 90 km is under Chinese control
  • There has been constant strife between the two countries over the region as both assert territorial possession.
  • The region has been a bone of contention between India and China for long. In the 1990s, when the Indian side laid claims over the area, the Chinese army built a metal-top road contending that it was part of the Aksai Chin, which is another disputed border area between the two.

Obituary

Veteran photographer S Paul passed away

  • He was 88.
  • He was born on 19 August, 1929 in Jhang, Pakistan.
  • He had moved to India after Partition after his family shifted to Shimla. His younger brother, Raghu Rai is also a renowned photographer
  • He was the first Indian to win the Nikon International Photo Contest in 1971.
  • Paul was the first Indian to be profiled by The British Journal of Photography