Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - August 20, 2017

Farmer Welfare Schemes (So Far)

Crop Diversification Programme (CDP)

A sub scheme of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna (RKVY), is being implemented in the Original Green Revolution States of Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh from 2013-14 to diversify area from water guzzling crop like paddy to alternate crops like maize, pulses, oilseeds, cotton & agro-forestry plantation

National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP):

Transfer of Technology (ToT) component, assistance is provided to States for conducting Farmers Training and Trainers Training Programme, in which training is provided to the farmers and extension workers educating the farmers to avail the benefits of the programme.

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) –

‘Per Drop More Crop’; mainly focuses on water use efficiency at farm level through precision/micro irrigation (Drip and Sprinkler Irrigation).

Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

To keep pest population below economic thresholds level by employing available alternate pest control strategies and techniques viz. preventive measures, cultural, mechanical and biological control with greater emphasis on usage of bio-pesticides and pesticides of plant-origin like Neem formulation

Support to State Extension Programmes for Extension Reforms – ATMA Scheme

  • Setting up of autonomous institutions at the State/District/Block level
  • Encouraging multi-agency and broad-based extension strategies adopting group approach to extension
  • Facilitating convergence of programmes in planning, executing and implementation

Kisan Suvidha Mobile App:

Provides information to the farmers on Weather report, Plant Protection, Input Dealers, Agro-Advisory and Marketing

Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs)

On-farm trials, front-line demonstrations, creation of awareness on improved agricultural technologies, etc.

Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India (BGREI)

To address the constraints limiting the productivity of “rice based cropping systems” in eastern India comprising seven (7) States namely; Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Eastern Uttar Pradesh (Purvanchal) and West Bengal – now a sub-scheme of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana.

Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)

Envisages production and productivity improvement of horticulture crops like fruits (including apple) and vegetables through various interventions. Capacity building of farmers and technicians are also provided for adopting improved technologies. Scheme also envisages creation of infrastructure for Post-Harvest Management (PHM) and marketing for better price realization of produce.

National Agriculture Market (e-NAM)

facilitate farmers to on-line trade their agricultural produce in any market integrated to the portal and to the buyer registered

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)

provides a comprehensive insurance cover against failure of insured crops due to non-preventable natural risks, thus providing financial support to farmers suffering crop loss/ damage arising out of unforeseen events; stabilizing the income of farmers to ensure their continuance in farming; and encouraging them to adopt innovative and modern agricultural practices.

Champaran Satyagrah 1917-2017

  • The first intersection of peasant unrest and the national movement
  • The first political action that Gandhi led in India, for a deeply oppressed peasantry in a remote part of the country
  • By the time Gandhi arrived, the indigo farmers were in the grip of the pernicious tinkathia system in which peasants were forced to farm three out of 20 parts of their land to the cultivation of indigo.
  • Not only did the peasants get poor remuneration, they were also subject to almost 40 different kinds of bizarre, illegal cesses called abwabs.

Result of Gandhi’s intervention:

  • Government appointed a committee and included Gandhi as one of the member.
  • Abolished tinkhatia system and paid compensation to the farmers

Related info -

  • Neel Darpan – Dinabandhu mitra
  • Poverty and Un-British Rule in India – By Dadabhoy Naoroji
  • Two-volume Economic History of India under British Rule – By R.C. Dutt
  • Hind Swaraj – Mahatma Gandhi (originally written in Gujarati)

Trade Related Entrepreneurship Development Assistance Scheme (Tread)

  • Women entrepreneurship program
  • To promote self-employment and income generation activities for women mostly from SHG groups in non-farm sector.

  • Non-farming activities
  • Tailoring, Handicrafts, Embroidery, Toy making, Readymade garments, Candle making, Agarbatti making, paper cup and plate making, Masala powder making, Saree weaving, Coir mat making, Pickles making, Readymade garments, basketry and brooms making, Jute bag making etc.

MAA-Mother’s Absolute Affection

To bring undiluted focus on promotion of breastfeeding and provision of services towards supporting breastfeeding

  • Promotion of breastfeeding & inter personal counselling at community level
  • Skilled support for breastfeeding at delivery points
  • Awareness generation
  • Monitoring and Award/ recognition of health facility.

Under this programme –

  • ASHA has been incentivized for reaching out to pregnant and lactating mothers and provide information on benefits and techniques of successful breastfeeding during interpersonal communication.
  • ANMs at all sub-centres and health personnel at all delivery points are being trained for providing skilled support to mothers referred with issues related to breastfeeding.

Importance of Breastfeeding

  • An important efficient and cost-effective intervention promoting child survival and health.
  • Breastfeeding within an hour of birth could prevent 20% of the newborn deaths. Infants who are not breastfed are 15 times more likely to die from pneumonia and 11 times more likely to die from diarrhea than children who are exclusively breastfed, which are two leading causes of death in children under-five years of age.
  • In addition, children who were not breastfed are at increased risk for diabetes, obesity, allergies, asthma, childhood leukemia, sudden infant death syndrome etc.
  • Apart from mortality and morbidity benefits, breastfeeding also has tremendous impact on improved IQ.

National Early Childhood Care & Education (ECCE) Policy

  • Universalise and reinforce ECCE and ensure adaptive strategies for inclusion of all children with specific attention to vulnerable children.
  • Engage capable human resources and build their capacity to enhance and develop quality services for children and their families.
  • Set out the quality standards and curriculum framework for ECCE provisions and ensure their application and practice through advocacy and enforcement through appropriate institutional arrangements.
  • Raise awareness and create common understanding about the significance of ECCE and promote strong partnerships with communities and families in order to improve the quality of life of young children through institutional and programmatic means and appropriate use of technology as required.
  • Recognise diversity of contexts, develop and promote culturally appropriate strategies and materials and work within the framework of decentralized governance using participating and locally responsive approaches.

Enactment of Unorganized Workers Social Security Act, 2008

WHY

To provide for the welfare of unorganized workers including those in the domestic and small business establishments on matters relating to life and disability cover, health and maternity benefit; old age protection and any other benefit as may be determined.
The National Platform for domestic workers has requested for formulation of a central law for protecting the interests of domestic workers –

  • Wages for domestic workers as per the Minimum Wages Act
  • The right to work and live with dignity
  • The right to decent work with fixed working hours and defined periods of rest/leave and overtimes
  • The right to organize and form unions/associations for collective bargaining
  • Setting up a mechanism for redressal of grievance of workers and right to avail judicial remedy
  • Inclusion of domestic workers in all existing labour laws

ZED Scheme for MSMEs

WHAT

Promotion of Zero Defect and Zero Effect (ZED) manufacturing amongst micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) and ZED Assessment for their certification so as to:

  • Develop an Ecosystem for Zero Defects Manufacturing in MSMEs
  • Promote adaptation of Quality tools/systems and Energy Efficient manufacturing
  • Enable MSMEs for manufacturing of quality products
  • Encourage MSMEs to constantly upgrade their quality standards in products and processes
  • Drive manufacturing with adoption of Zero Defect production processes and without impacting the environment
  • Support ‘Make in India’ campaign
  • Develop professionals in the area of ZED manufacturing and certification

Mission Indradhanush INTENSIFIED

WHY

To accelerate the full immunization coverage and provide greater focus on urban areas and other pockets of low immunization coverage

Targets: Full immunization coverage by 2018

Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) of India:

Prevents mortality and morbidity in children and pregnant women against 12 vaccine preventable diseases

  • Greater focus is being given on convergence with other ministries/departments especially women and child development, Panchayati raj, urban development, youth affairs, NCC etc.
  • Convergence of ground level workers of various departments like ASHA, ANMs, Anganwadi workers, Zila preraks under NULM, self-help groups will be crucial for successful implementation of Intensified Mission Indradhanush.