Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - August 23, 2017

Niti Ayog

NITI Aayog to launch “Mentor India” Campaign

  • NITI Aayog will launch the Mentor India Campaign, a strategic nation building initiative to engage leaders who can guide and mentor students at more than 900 Atal Tinkering Labs, established across the country as a part of the Atal Innovation Mission.
  • Mentor India is aimed at maximizing the impact of Atal Tinkering Labs, possibly the biggest disruption in formal education globally.
  • The idea is to engage leaders who will nurture and guide students in the Atal Tinkering Labs
  • NITI Aayog is looking for leaders who can spend anywhere between one to two hours every week in one or more such labs to enable students experience, learn and practice future skills such as design and computational thinking.
  • Atal Tinkering Labs are dedicated works spaces where students from Class 6th to Class 12th learn innovation skills and develop ideas that will go on to transform India.
  • The labs are powered to acquaint students with state-of-the-art equipment such as 3D printers, robotics & electronics development tools, Internet of things & sensors etc.

Enlighten about AIM

  • NITI Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission(AIM) is among one of the flagship programs of the Government of India to promote innovation and entrepreneurship in the country to set up the Atal Tinkering Labs across the country.
  • The Mission has / is in the process of setting up 900+ such labs across India and aims to have 2,000 such labs by end of 2017.

Sports

National Sports Awards – 2017

  • National Sports Awards are given every year to recognize and reward excellence in sports.
  • Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award is given for the spectacular and most outstanding performance in the field of sports by a sportsperson over a period of four year,
  • Arjuna Award is given for consistency outstanding performance for four years, Dronacharya Award for coaches for producing medal winners at prestigious International sports events, Dhyan Chand Award for life time contribution to sports development.
  • A large number of nominations were received for these awards this year, which were considered by the Selection Committees consisting of former Olympian, Arjuna Awardees, Dronacharya Awardees, Dhyan Chand Awardees, Sport Journalists/ Experts/ Commentators and sports administrators.
  • Selection Committee for Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award and Arjuna Awards was headed by Justice C.K. Thakkar (Former Judge Supreme Court of India, Chief Justice of High Court of Himachal and Bombay).
  • Selection Committee for Dronacharya Awards and Dhyan Chand Awards was headed by Shri Pullela Gopichand.
  • Based on the recommendations of the Committee and after due scrutiny, the Government has decided to confer awards upon the following sportspersons/coaches/organisations :

(i) Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna 2017

S. No. Name of the Awardee discipline
1. Shri Devendra Para Athlete
2. Shri Sardar Singh Hockey

(ii) Dronacharya Awards 2017

S. No. Name of the Awardee Discipline
1. Late Dr. R. Gandhi Athletics
2. Mr. Heera Nand Kataria Kabaddi
3. Mr. G.S.S.V. Prasad Badminton (Lifetime)
4. Mr. Brij Bhushan Mohanty Boxing (Lifetime)
5. Mr. P.A. Raphel Hockey (Lifetime)
6. Mr. Sanjoy Chakraverthy Shooting (Lifetime)
7. Mr. Roshan Lal Wrestling (Lifetime)

(iii) Arjuna Awards 2017

S. No. Name of the Awardees Discipline
1. Ms. V.J. Surekha Archery
2. Ms. Khushbir Kaur Athletics
3. Mr. Arokia Rajiv Athletics
4. Ms. Prasanthi Singh Basketball
5. Sub. LaishramDebendro Singh Boxing
6. Mr. CheteshwarPujara Cricket
7. Ms. Harmanpreet Kaur Cricket
8. Ms. OinamBembem Devi Football
9. Mr. S.S.P. Chawrasia Golf
10. Mr. S.V. Sunil Hockey
11. Mr. Jasvir Singh Kabaddi
12. Mr. P. N. Prakash Shooting
13. Mr. A. Amalraj Table Tennis
14. Mr. SakethMyneni Tennis
15. Mr. SatyawartKadian Wrestling
16. Mr. Mariyappan Para-Athlete
17. Mr. Varun Singh Bhati Para-Athlete

(iv) Dhyan Chand Award

S. No. Name (S/Shri) Discipline

1.

Mr. Bhupender Singh Athletics

2.

Mr. Syed Shahid Hakim Football

3.

Ms. Sumarai Tete Hockey
  • The awardees will received their awards from the President of India at a specially organized function at the Rashtrapati Bhawan on August 29, 2017.
  • Apart from a medal and a citation, Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Awardee will receive a cash prize of Rs. 7.5 lakh.
  • Arjuna, Dronacharya and Dhyan Chand Awardees will received statuettes, certificates and cash prize of Rs. 5 lakh each.

National Sports Museum to be established in New Delhi

  • The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports is going to establish National Sports Museum, first of its kind, at Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, New Delhi.
  • The Museum will showcase the India’s achievements in sports and also focus on the traditional sports within the country.
  • The aim of the Museum is to popularise the sports as a way of life within the country.
  • The proposed Museum would go beyond the classical approach of a collection of memorabilia to become an interactive venue of interest for all age groups

Health

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has signed an MoU with the International Vaccine Institute (IVI)

  • For vaccine research and development.
  • India will commit $5,00,000 (₹3.20 crore) annually for a stake in IVI— an amount approved during a Cabinet meeting in January.

Enlighten about IVI:

  • International Vaccine Institute (IVI), Seoul, South Korea, established in 1997 on the initiatives of the UNDP,
  • It is an international organization devoted to developing and introducing new and improved vaccines to protect the people, especially children, against deadly infectious diseases.
  • Created initially as an initiative of the UN Development Programme (UNDP), IVI began formal operations as an independent international organization in 1997
  • IVI has 40 countries and the World Health Organization (WHO) as signatories to its Establishment Agreement
  • The Institute has a unique mandate to work exclusively on vaccine development and introduction specifically for people in developing countries, with a focus on neglected diseases affecting these regions.
  • IVI has been partnering with Indian vaccine manufacturers, research institutes, government, and public health agencies on vaccine development, research, and training.
  • One of the most successful collaborations was with Shantha Biotech on the development of Shanchol, the world’s first low-cost oral cholera vaccine.

Agriculture

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, recently reviewed the progress of Soil Health Cards scheme.

  • So far, 16 States/UTs have completed the first cycle of Soil Health Cards distribution, and the remaining States are likely to complete the same within weeks.

REFORMS-

  • Appropriate checks should be undertaken for variation, both within a sampling grid, and across different soil testing labs. This would help ensure quality in the reports.
  • Soil health cards should be printed in the local dialect of the area, so that the farmers are able to read and understand them easily.
  • Soil testing should eventually be possible through hand-held devices. Officials were encouraged to explore the possibility of involving start-ups and entrepreneurs in this exercise.

Enlighten about the Soil Health Card Scheme:

  • It is a scheme to provide every farmer a Soil Health Card in a Mission mode.
  • It is a scheme under which the Central Government provides assistance to State Governments for setting up Soil Testing Laboratories for issuing Soil Health Cards to farmers.
  • The scheme will be implemented in all states to promote soil testing services, issue of soil health cards and development of nutrient management practices.
  • State Governments have adopted innovative practices like involvement of agricultural students, NGOs and private sector in soil testing, determining average soil health of villages, etc., to issue Soil Health Cards.
  • The state governments will prepare yearly action plan on the issue and the cost will be shared in the ratio of 75:25 between the Centre and states.
  • The scheme assumes importance as the imbalanced application of fertilisers have caused deficiency of

Primary nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium),
Secondary nutrients (such as sulphur), and
Micro-nutrients (boron, zinc, copper etc.) in most parts of country.

Enlighten about soil health cards:

  • A Soil Health Card displays soil health indicators and associated descriptive terms. The indicators are typically based on farmers’ practical experience and knowledge of local natural resources.
  • The card lists soil health indicators that can be assessed without the aid of technical or laboratory equipment.
  • The card, which will carry crop-wise recommendation of fertilisers required for farm lands, will help farmers identify health of soil and judiciously use soil nutrients.