Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - August 24, 2018

Science & Technology

CSIR tech to make combat aircraft Tejas 20% lighter

  • The use of the complete home-grown technology will reduce the number of parts of the light combat aircraft by 40%, the number of fasteners by 50%, and the time on the assembly line by 30%

What

  • Technology indigenously developed by a government laboratory for manufacturing carbon components will make India’s light combat aircrafts 20% lighter.

Enlighten about the technology

  • The technology developed by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research - National Aerospace Laboratory (CSIR-NAL) uses indigenously developed carbon fibre, which is pre-impregnated with the organic polymer ‘resin’, to make complex parts like fin, rudder, wing spars and fairings in a single mould.
  • For making the composite material, this pre-impregnated carbon fibre is autoclaved or treated under extreme heat and temperature.
  • The autoclaving technology has also developed by CSIR-NAL.
  • The material is then moulded into complex components of the aircraft. This reduces the number of parts used in the aircraft as well as the number of fasteners needed to assemble it
  • The use of the complete home-grown technology will reduce the number of parts of the light combat aircraft by 40%, the number of fasteners by 50%, and the time on the assembly line by 30%.
  • The composite technology is critical of the fourth generation fighter aircraft.
  • The composite material is sturdier than aluminium, more heat resistant, the wear and tear is less and corrosion
  • The laboratory has received an order for 20 sets of parts for the aircrafts worth more than ~100 crore from the government owned aerospace company Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). CSIR-NAL has now transferred the technology to manufacturing partner Tata Advanced Materials Limited (TAML), Bengaluru.
  • The project began with two technology demonstrator aircrafts and then five prototype aircrafts.

NITI Aayog

NITI Aayog launches 5 Thematic Reports on Sustainable Development in Indian Himalayan Region

What

  • Recognizing the uniqueness of the Himalayas and the challenges for sustainable development, NITI Aayog had set up 5 Working Groups (WGs) in June 2017 to prepare a roadmap for actions in 5 thematic areas.
  • The reports discuss the significance, the challenges, the ongoing actions and a future roadmap.
  • Earlier in June 2017, the NITI Aayog had set up 5 Working Groups to prepare a roadmap for actions in 5 thematic areas that are quite significant for the Himalayas. These areas were:
  • Inventory and Revival of Springs in Himalayas for Water Security
  • Sustainable Tourism in Indian Himalayan Region
  • Transformative Approach to Shifting Cultivation
  • Strengthening Skill & Entrepreneurship Landscape in Himalayas
  • Data/Information for Informed Decision Making
  • These working groups were constituted after the NITI Aayog recognised that mountains require specific solutions for resilience building that address socio-economic and environmental challenges in the mountain setting.
  • Inventory and Revival of springs in Himalayas for Water Security
    Challenges - Nearly 30 percent of springs, crucial to water security of people, are drying and 50 percent have reported reduced discharge.
    Spring Mapping and Revival by using 8 steps protocol be taken up across Himalayan States in phased manner.
    Call for action - Setting up of Mission on Spring Water Management in Himalayas.
  • Sustainable Tourism in Indian Himalayan Region
    Challenge: Himalayan Tourism is growing annually at 6.8 percent and has created huge challenge related to solid waste, water, traffic, loss of bio-cultural diversity etc. With the projected arrival of tourists to more than double by 2025, urgent actions will be needed to address issues of waste management and water crisis.
    Apply carrying capacity concept to all major tourist destinations; implement and monitor tourism sector standards and apply performance based incentives for States.
    Call for action: Setting up of a Himalayan Authority for coordinated and holistic development of entire Himalayan region and launching of “Himalaya Calling: An Awareness to Action Campaign” as people’s movement.
  • Transformative Approach to Shifting Cultivation
    Challenge: In the north eastern States, thousands of the households continue to practice slash and burn (Shifting Cultivation) which needs to be addressed in view of ecological, food and nutritional security.
    Assessment of nature and extent of Shifting Cultivation area, improved policy coherence, strengthened tenurial security and improved access to related programs are means to transform shifting cultivation.
    Call for action: Setting up of National Mission/Program on Transforming Shifting Cultivation in North Eastern States.
  • Strengthening Skill & Entrepreneurship Landscape in Himalayas
    Challenge: Unskilled workforce remains a challenge for the mountains as well that need high priority to address migration of youths.
    Strengthening of skill and entrepreneurship will require focus on identified priority sectors where mountains have advantage, investment in trainers, assessors and training centers in industry partnership.
    Call for action: Demand driven network of skill and entrepreneurship development Centers in Himalayan States is required along with consortium of institutions of high learning for mountain specific research and technology.
  • Data/Information for Informed Decision Making
    Challenge: Challenges related to data availability, data authenticity, compatibility, data quality, validation, user charges for Himalayan States need addressal for informed decision making at different levels of governance.
    Having a Central Data Management Agency for Himalayas to provide data with high fidelity scenario while addressing data sharing, access, authenticity and comparability issues will help in addressing data related issues.
    Call for action: Linking with the Hindukush Himalaya Monitoring and Assessment program (HIMAP) and Setting up of Central Data Management Agency for Himalayan Database at GB Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development.

The call for actions include setting up of a Himalayan Authority for coordinated and holistic development of entire Himalayan region and launchingof “Himalaya Calling”: An Awareness to Action Campaign as people’smovement.

Ministry of Women and Child Development

Rashtriya Poshan Maah (National Nutrition Month) - Month Of September Celebrating the Poshan Maah will give an early thrust to Poshan Abhiyan

What

  • The Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India organized an orientation workshop for various stakeholders participating in the Poshan Maah (National Nutrition Month) being celebrated in the month of September.

Organising Partners

  • NITI Aayog and officers of partner ministries as well as other organizations including UN.
  • The Workshop focused on sensitizing the line Ministries, States/UTs and District level functionaries and partners on various aspects of Rashtriya Poshan Maah (National Nutrition Month) being celebrated during the month of September across the Country as part of Jan Andolan under POSHAN Abhiyaan.
  • The primary objective of the celebration of Poshan Maah is to take the messages of POSHAN to the grass root level.
  • The programme- an initiative of WCD Ministry and NITI Aayog is supported by 18 line Ministries/Departments/Government Organizations.
  • The programme focuses on 8 themes – Antenatal Care, Optimal Breastfeeding (Early & Exclusive), Complementary Feeding, Anemia, Growth Monitoring, Girls-education, diet, right age of Marriage, Hygiene & Sanitation, Food Fortification.

POSHAN Abhiyaan (National Nutrition Mission)

  • It was launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on 8thMarch, 2018 from Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan.
  • The programme through use of technology, a targeted approach and convergence strives to reduce the level of Stunting, Under-nutrition, Anemia and Low Birth Weight in Children, as also, focus on Adolescent Girls, Pregnant Women & Lactating Mothers, thus holistically addressing malnutrition.
  • POSHAN Abhiyaan aims to ensure service delivery and interventions by use of technology, behavioural change through convergence and lays-down specific targets to be achieved across different monitoring parameters over the next few years.
  • To ensure a holistic approach, all 36 States/UTs and 718 districts will be covered in a phased manner by the year 2020. The Jan andholan intends to give prominence to nutrition at the highest level in the country.

Ministry of Tourism

President inaugurates International Buddhist Conclave 2018 6th International Buddhist Conclave on the theme, “Buddha Path – The Living Heritage”.

What

  • The President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the “International Buddhist Conclave (IBC), 2018”

Organising Ministry

  • The 4 days long Conclave has been organized by the Ministry of Tourism in collaboration with the State Governments of Maharashtra, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh from 23rd – 26th August, 2018 at New Delhi and Ajanta (Maharashtra), followed by site visits to Rajgir, Nalanda and Bodhgaya (Bihar) and Sarnath (Uttar Pradesh).

Enlighten about the conclave

  • The President also launched the Ministry of Tourism website on important Buddhist sites - indiathelandofbuddha.in
  • The Ministerial level delegation from Bangladesh, Indonesia, Myanmar and Sri Lanka are participating in the conclave.
  • The delegates from 29 countries are participating in the International Buddhist Conclave: - Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brazil, Cambodia, Canada, China, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Mangolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Norway, Russia, Singapore, South Korea, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, UK, USA and Vietnam.
  • The Conclave features presentations by the Ministry of Tourism and State Governments, Panel discussion between scholars and monks and B2B meetings between the foreign and Indian tour operators.
  • The Ministry has also organized an ‘Investors’ Summit’ during the Conclave to attract investments in developing world class infrastructure at Buddhist sites.
  • The Ministry of Tourism, Government of India, has been organizing the International Buddhist Conclave biennially.
  • The earlier International Buddhist Conclaves were organized in New Delhi and Bodhgaya (February 2004), Nalanda and Bodhgaya (February 2010), Varanasi and Bodhgaya (September 2012), Bodhgaya and Varanasi (September 2014) and in Sarnath/Varanasi and Bodhgaya (October 2016).
  • The “ASEAN” was the Guest of Honor during IBC, 2016 and Japan is the ‘Partner Country for IBC-2018.

Economy/Banking

India Banking Conclave (IBC) 2018

What

India Banking Conclave (IBC) 2018 was held in New Delhi from 23-24, 2018

Organising agency
It was organised by Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) along with its knowledge partner and government Think Tank, NITI Aayog.
Objective
The conclave was aimed at making India’s banking sector more adaptable to face multiple future challenges in the coming years.
Enlighten about India Banking Conclave (IBC) 2018
IBC 2018 focused engaging corporates, law and policy makers of country, academicians and professionals on common platform to make all stakeholders share their views on all impending issues including bad debts and non-performing assets (NPAs) that have been accumulated in unbiased manner.
IBC 2018 aimed to serve as effective platform for varied stakeholders connected to India’s banking and financial sectors.
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
CEPR is network of over 1100 researchers who are based mainly in universities throughout Europe and collaborate in research and its dissemination. It was founded in 1983and is based in London, United Kingdom.
It aims to enhance quality of economic policy-making within Europe and beyond by fostering high quality, policy-relevant economic research and disseminating it to decisionmakers in public and private sectors. It is funded by a registered, European charity founded in 1983 by Richard Portes, FBA, CBE.

Report

India to grow at 7.5% in 2018, 2019: Moody’s

What

  • The Indian economy is expected to grow by about 7.5% in 2018 and 2019 as it is largely resilient to external pressures like those from higher oil prices, Moody’s Investors Service said.

Global Macro Outlook for 2018-19

  • The run-up in energy prices over the last few months will raise headline inflation temporarily but the growth story remains intact as it is supported by strong urban and rural demand and improved industrial activity.

Enlighten about the report

  • Growth prospects for many of the G-20 economies remain solid, but there are indications that the synchronous acceleration of growth heading into 2018 is now giving way to diverging trends.
  • The near-term global outlook for most advanced economies is broadly resilient, in contrast to the weakening of some developing economies in the face of emerging headwinds from rising U.S. trade protectionism, tightening external liquidity conditions and elevated oil prices
  • Moody’s put G-20 growth at 3.3% in 2018 and 3.1% in 2019.
  • The advanced economies will grow 2.3% in 2018 and 2% in 2019.
  • Moody expect the Indian economy to grow around 7.5% in 2018 and 2019

Sources – The Hindu , PIB , Indian Express