Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - August 4, 2017

Defence

Private Missile Manufacturing Facility – Hyderabad

  • India’s first private sector missile sub-systems manufacturing facility Kalyani Rafael Advanced Systems (KRAS) plant was inaugurated near Hyderabad, capital of Telangana
  • 51:49 - joint venture between India’s Kalyani Group and Israel’s Rafael Advanced Defence Systems Ltd.
  • It has been established line with the ‘Make in India’ initiative and Government’s policy to encourage private sector participation in defence production.

Enlighten about KRAS

  • KRAS aims to be a one-stop solution provider to locally re-design, develop, reengineer and manufacture various land and airborne products and systems in India.
  • It has invested in designing, developing and manufacturing of weapon systems including Spike Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) systems and remote weapon systems.
  • It will develop a wide range of advanced capabilities that include command control and guidance, remote weapon systems, electro-optics, precision guided munitions and system engineering for system integration.
  • It will be supplying defence equipment to the Indian Army and also export to South East Asian countries.

Science and Technology

NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) mission.

  • ISRO and NASA are jointly working on the NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) mission to co-develop and launch a dual frequency synthetic aperture radar (SAR) satellite by 2021.
  • The satellite will be the world’s most expensive earthimaging satellite till date, costing around $1.5 billion.
  • It aims to study global environmental change and natural disasters. Salient Features NISAR is a dual frequency (L & S Band) Radar Imaging Satellite.
  • It will be the radar imaging satellite to use dual frequency.
  • In this joint mission, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JLP) will be responsible for design and development of L-band SAR, GPS system, 12m unfurlable antenna and data recorder. ISRO will be responsible for design and development of S-band SAR, Spacecraft BusD
  • Data transmission system, spacecraft integration & testing, launch using GSLV and on-orbit operations

Applications:

  • It will provide an unprecedented detailed view of Earth by taking snapshots every week using advanced radar imaging.
  • It is designed to observe and take measurements of some of the planet’s most complex processes, including ecosystem disturbances, natural hazards such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes and landslides

Government Schemes

Establishment of 14 new AIIMS

  • The Union Government has proposed to establish an additional 14 new AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Science) under various phases of Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY)
  • It was announced by Union Health Minister JP Nadda while replying to supplementaries in Lok Sabha on AIIMS and related healthcare system in India.
  • Lok Sabha was also informed that under the national programme for prevention and control of cancer, diabetes, cardio-vascular diseases and strokes, Government is going to the establish 20 state cancer institutes and 50 tertiary care cancer centres in different parts of the country

Enlighten About Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana

  • PMSSY was announced in 2003.
  • Objectives –Correcting regional imbalances in the availability of affordable/reliable tertiary healthcare services and augment facilities for quality medical education in the country.
  • It establishes AIIMS in various regions of India apart from different government colleges. It is funded from different centrally sponsored schemes relating to creating infrastructure on health

Bills & Amendments

Parliament Passes IIIT (Amendment) Bill, 2017

  • Parliament has passed the Indian Institutes of Information Technology (Amendment) Bill, 2017 after the Rajya Sabha approved it.
  • The Lok Sabha has already passed it
  • IIIT Act, 2014 declares certain Institutes of Technology as institutions of national importance.
  • The Bill amends the IIIT Act, 2014. The It aims to develop new knowledge in information technology and provide manpower of global standards for the information technology industry

Enlighten about the bill

Director’s appointment:

  • The Bill modifies the composition of the search-cum -selection committee which recommends names to the central government for the appointment of the Director of an IIIT.
  • It replaces the Director of an IIIT with the Director of an Indian Institute of Technology. Appointment of Assistant Professor and other above posts:
  • The Bill permits the Board of Governor of Institutes to appoint Assistant Professors and all the posts above that level as well.

Incorporation of an institute:

  • It declares the Indian Institute of Technology, Design and Manufacturing (ITDM), Kurnool in Andhra Pradesh as an institution of national importance.
  • Further it adds ITDM, Kurnool to the Schedule of the parent Act which consists of other institutions of national importance.