Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - February 22, 2018

Farmer Welfare

National Conference on “Agriculture-2022 Doubling Farmers' Incomes

The government’s roadmap in order to do so

  • Policy and Governance Reforms
  • Agriculture Trade Policy and Export Promotion; Market Structure and Marketing Efficiency
  • Value Chain and Supply Chain Management
  • Science and Technology and Start-ups in Agriculture
  • Sustainable and Equitable Development and Efficient Delivery of Services
  • Capital Investment and Institutional Credit for farmers
  • Promotion of Livestock, Dairy, Poultry and Fisheries as Engines of Growth

Steps taken by the government to improve the income of farmers.

  • 100 per cent neem coating of urea has led to an increased efficiency of the urea itself, while also increasing productivity.
  • Use of soil health cards has led to a reduction in the use of chemical fertilisers, while increasing production.
  • Government is working towards completing 99 incomplete irrigation projects. With the completion of these projects the input cost of farmers will come down
  • ‘Operation Greens’ announced in the budget this year, would benefit farmers growing Tomato, Onion and Potato.
  • 22,000 GrameenHaats would be upgraded with appropriate infrastructure, and integrated with the e-NAM platform.

Summits

Uttar Pradesh Investor’s Summit February 21, Lucknow

  • Inaugurated by Prime Minister

Enlighten about the summit -

  • The event has been organized by Uttar Pradesh Government to showcase the investment opportunities and potential in the state.
  • It will provide a global platform, to bring together ministers, leaders from the corporate world, senior policy makers, heads of international institutions and academia from around the world to further the cause of economic development in the state and promote cooperation.
  • Seven nations– Finland, Netherlands, Japan, Czech Republic, Thailand, Slovakia and Mauritius have been identified as country partners for the event.

Social Empowerment

Jaipur city’s Gandhi Nagar station India’s first non-suburban railway station to be run entirely by women

  • Gandhi Nagar station the first non-suburban railway station in the country to be completely operated by women.
  • Mumbai’s Matunga railway station, a suburban station on the Central Railway line, became the first one last year to be run by an all-women staff.

Environment

‘Olive ridleys on Odisha coast for mass nesting A portion of the beach has widened to make it safer for mass nesting naturally - gift of mother nature

  • Sea waves and winds have widened a portion of the beach near Rushikulya rookery on Odisha coast, boosting the prospects of increased mass nesting of the endangered olive ridley turtles this year.

Enlighten about Olive Turtles

  • Olive Ridley sea turtles come to Odisha coasts for nesting in large numbers.
  • Hence the activity is termed 'mass nesting' or 'arribada'.
  • Worldwide attention is focused on the conservation of Olive Ridley Sea Turtle in Odisha because about 50% of the total world population of Olive Ridleys, and 90% of the Indian population of sea turtles been coming every year .

Odisha coast favorable for sea turtles

  • Odisha coast is crises-crossed by estuary, rivers, creeks and creek lets, Land inundated by the saline and sweet water and covered with mangroves, Estuaries are the breeding and spawning grounds fishes, prawns, crabs and mollusks.
  • The river mouth becomes the feeding ground of the sea turtles from October to May , therefore they having migrated over large distances in the sea to feed and nesting.
  • About 50% of the total world population of Olive Ridleys, and 90% of the Indian population of sea turtles been coming every year . Worldwide attention is needed for conservation of this species.

Defence

SARAS Light Transport aircraft Completed 2nd successful test flight SARAS PT1N is first Indian multi-purpose civilian aircraft in light transport aircraft category as designed by the CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL)

Enlighten about it –

  • India’s indigenous light transport aircraft SARAS has been successfully test flown for a second time
  • This was the second of the 20 test flights planned for SARAS PT1N, before freezing the production version.
  • The first successful test was carried out on January 24, this year.
  • The design and development of the aircraft is being done by CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories, NAL.

Education

N Gopalaswami Committee To select top 20 educational institute

By

  • University Grants Commission (UGC).

What’s the objective –

  • to help 20 higher education (10 public and 10 private) institutions from country to be in thetop 500 global rankings in 10 years, and then in top 100

North East

Northeast India’s first regional Centre for Agriculture (Mizoram)

  • With Israel collaboration
  • Going to be inaugurated in March 2018.
  • 22 such operational centres to be setup across India in the states of Haryana, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Punjab.
  • The first centre was established in 2008 in Haryana.

Enlighten about this centre of Agriculture

  • For the processing of citrus fruits

Implementing bodies –

  • Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of Israel and Mizoram Government.

NITI Forum for North-East

By -

  • The Union Ministry for Development of North-East Region (DoNER)

Why

  • to identify constraints and recommend suitable interventions for speedy and sustainable growth in North East Region (NER).
  • The forum will be co-chaired by Vice-Chairman of NITI Aayog and Minister of State (I/C), Ministry of Development of Northeastern Region (DoNER).

Sources – THE HINDU,PIB,LIVEMINT,TOI