Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - January 12, 2018

Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas


What -

  • Saksham (Sanrakshan Kshamta Mahotsav) is an annual flagship event of Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) under the aegis of Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, Govt. of India.

Why -

  • For creating focused attention on fuel conservation through people centric activities and to sensitize the masses about the conservation and efficient use of petroleum products leading to better health and environment.

Enlighten about Saksham

  • During this year’s month long ‘Saksham-2018’, various interactive programs and activities are planned with the campaign on fuel conservation
  • The month long campaign aims to intensify efforts for making citizens aware about the conservation and effective utilization of petroleum products.

National Day

22ND National Youth Festival
Birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda, the youth icon of India.

Organised by

  • Union Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports in collaboration with Uttar Pradesh Government at Gautam Buddha University Greater Noida.
  • First time it is being organized in National Capital Region (NCR).
  • The first National Youth Festival was held in 1995 in Bhopal.

Source – the hindu


  • To provide platform to bring youth of country together in attempt to provide them opportunity to showcase their talents in various activities.
  • The Theme of 2017 NYF is ‘Sankalp Se Siddhi’.

January 12: National Youth Day

  • January 12, 2018 - 155th birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda
  • Great source of inspiration for the Indian Youth
  • Observed every year on 12 January to mark the birth anniversary of social reformer, philosopher, thinker and youth icon of India Swami Vivekananda.
  • Observance of the day seeks to propagate the philosophy and the ideals of Swami Vivekananda

Enlighten about Vivekananda

  • Vivekananda was born as Narendranath Dutta on 12 January 1863 and died on 4 July 1902.
  • He and was chief disciple of 19th century saint Ramakrishna Paramhamsa.
  • He was one of most prominent figures of India who introduced Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to “Western” World.
  • He is one of the greatest spiritual leaders and is credited with raising interfaith awareness, bringing Hinduism to status of major world religion during late century.


4th International Dharma-Dharma Conference

Chabahar Port -

  • Conference on “State and Social Order in Dharma-Dhamma Traditions” was held at Rajgir in Nalanda district, Bihar.
  • It was inaugurated by President Ram Nath Kovind.

Why -

  • Organised as part of commemorative events to celebrate Silver Jubilee (25) year of ASEAN-India Dialogue Partnership.

Enlighten about the conference -

  • Organised by Nalanda University, in collaboration with Centre for Study of Religion and Society, India Foundation, Ministry of External Affairs and Vietnam Buddhist University.

Theme -

  • Was the ideal state and just social order based on dharmic principles.
  • The conference aimed to facilitate crosspollination of ideas and foster harmony at global level.


Indu Malhotra
First woman lawyer to be directly promoted as SC judge

  • The Supreme Court collegium led by Chief Justice of India (CI) Dipak Misra has unanimously recommended name of senior advocate Indu Malhotra for appointment as a judge of the Supreme Court.
  • First woman lawyer from the country to be directly elected for post of judge of the Supreme Court.
  • She will be seventh woman judge in SC,
  • In 1989, Justice M. Fathima Beevi became first woman judge in Supreme Court.
  • At present, Justice R. Banumathi is lone woman judge in SC

Railway Reforms

Ministry of Railway launches Smart Freight Operation Optimisation & Real Time Information (SFOORTI) Application.
Both passenger and freight trains can be tracked over Zones/Divisions/ Sections can be viewed through this application.
Position of Rakes for Specific Type of Stock can be viewed through this application.

What -

  • In a major digital initiative to help plan the traffic flows and optimize freight operations, Ministry of Railways have launched Smart Freight Operation Optimisation & Real Time Information (SFOORTI) App

Why -

  • For Freight Managers which provides features for monitoring and managing freight business using Geographic Information System (GIS) Views and Dashboard.

Salient features of SFOORTI Application are as below:

  • With this application, movement of freight trains on Geographic Information System (GIS) view can be tracked.
  • Both passenger and freight trains can be tracked over Zones/Divisions/ Sections in single GIS View.
  • Freight business can be monitored.
  • Comparative Analysis of Zonal/Divisional Traffic.
  • Analysis of new traffic captured and traffic lost.
  • This app provides a Bird’s eye view of all Freight Assets in a single window.
  • Provides end to end Rake movement on Geospatial view Expected Traffic at Interchange points to evaluate daily performance can be viewed.
  • Performance of each zone and divisions with respect to loading and utilization of freight assets can be viewed.
  • Sectional performance monitoring for sections, divisions and zones shall help in traffic routing.
  • Freight terminal and sidings can be better monitored to ensure better turnaround of rakes.

Sources- the hindu,pib,livemint,et