Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - January 18, 2018

Defence

Vajra Prahar

  • Indo-US special forces joint training exercise conducted alternately in India and The US
  • Upcoming edition will be held at – joint base lewis-Mc Chord(JBLM) in Seattle
  • The exercise will mainly focus on special operations in urban areas

National

IPrism

  • Intellectual property competition for colleges and university students
  • The cell for IPR promotion and management (CIPAM),Department of Industrial Policy and promotin (DIPP)
  • IN collaboration with ASSOCHAM and ERICSSON has launched this competition
  • Aims to foster a culture of innovation and creativity in the young generation

International Bodies

Global Forum for Food & Agriculture

  • 10th edition – held in Berlin Germany
  • From 18th -20th January 2018.
  • Theme -“Shaping the future of livestock – sustainably, responsibly, efficiently”.
  • Indian delegation to the event is led by Union Minister of State (MoS) for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Gajendra Singh Shekhawat.
  • The discussions during the conference focussed on sustainable and productive animal production among other issues.

Enlighten aboutGlobal Forum for Food and Agriculture (GFFA)

  • Focuses on the future of global agri-food industry concerns.
  • It is world’s largest conference of agriculture.
  • It provides common platform to representatives from worlds of politics, business, science and civil society opportunity to share ideas and enhance understanding on selected topic of current agricultural policy

Environment

World Energy and Environment Conference

  • The 5th Series World Energy and Environment Conference and Exhibition 2018 at Bahrain.

Organised by -

  • The World Energy and Environment Council

Theme -

  • Shifting to Clean, Renewable Energy in Time of Transition

Enlighten ABOUT WEEC

  • WEEC is a world platform that address serious issues about environment and the challenges to turn to clean, renewable energy.
  • The focus is into the development of energy policy, sustainable strategies, sustainable resource developments and sustainable economic development.
  • WEEC aim for commitment from governments, its leaders, for lawmakers to do intelligent thinking, get brilliant ideas in directing laws and regulations.
  • With the private sectors cooperation and participation, creating a roadmap toward sustainability for the benefit of all.

World environment award 2018

  • The Energy Globe World Award is an international award in the field of environment instituted by the Energy Globe Foundation annually to recognise projects that make careful and economical use of resources and employ alternative energy sources.
  • Kalinga Institute of Social Sciences (KISS) has won the 18th Energy Globe World Award -2017 as the one and only organisation from India.
  • KISS won the award in ‘Fire’ Category for green initiatives undertaken by this institute that reduces the ecological footprint for large scale cooking.

Government Reforms

Govt. to revisit Malimath report Panel proposed reforms in criminal justice system

  • A 2003 report of a Committee on reforms in the criminal justice system that recommended admissibility of confessions made before a police officer as evidence in a court of law is being revisited by the Centre, a senior government official said.
  • The Committee on Reforms of the Criminal Justice System, or the Justice Malimath Committee, was constituted by the Home Ministry in 2000 by then Deputy Prime Minister L.K. Advani, who also held the Home portfolio.
  • It was headed by Justice V.S. Malimath, former Chief Justice of the Karnataka and Kerala High Courts.
  • The Malimath panel had made 158 recommendations but these were never implemented.
  • The subsequent UPA governments from 2004 to 2014 did not act on the report either.

Major recommendations

  • The Committee also suggested constituting a National Judicial Commission and amending Article 124 to make impeachment of judges less difficult.
  • It had suggested that Section 54 of Evidence Act be substituted by a provision to the effect that in criminal cases, evidence of bad character and antecedents is relevant

Article 124

  • Article 124 of Constitution of India deals with Establishment and constitution of Supreme Court
  • It deals with the appointment of judges to the Supreme Court of India
  • It also talks about the number of judges to the superior Courts, their qualification and the mode of appointment of Chief Justice of India
  • It talks about the impeachment of judges and mentions the two conditions (proved misbehaviour or incapacity) in which the impeachment be exercised
  • It also imposes restrictions on the judges of Supreme Court by restraining them from pleading or appearing before any authority within the territory of India

National

Branding the coffee grown by Soliga tribes Tribal coffee

Where –

  • Biligiriranga Hills
  • The Social Welfare Department have started a ₹2.05-crore project for branding the beans grown by the Soliga tribals.
  • While more than 70 Soligas have taken up coffee plantation in their hamlet, in Chamrajanagar district itself around 650 Soligas may be cultivating the bean.
  • Araku tribal coffee [from Visakhapatnam] is now sold at premium stores in Paris.
  • The Coffee Board has signed an MoU with the Social Welfare Department to replicate this for BR Hills

Electoral Reforms

Proxy voting for migrant workers
Electoral provision meant for NRIs should be extended to others
Meeting of the parliamentary panel on External Affairs, headed by Congress leader Shashi Tharoor

Question raised in the meeting

  • If proxy voting is meant to make it easier for NRIs to exercise their franchise and save up on travel costs, then why shouldn’t the same facility be extended to a migrant worker within India?
  • Last August, the Cabinet cleared an amendment to the Representation of the People Act, which allows NRIs to vote by proxy, a facility only available till now to armed forces personnel and certain offices notified by the Election Commission.

Fear of easy manipulation

  • Proxy voting is open to manipulation.
  • The government should have explored a technically sounder way to get NRIs to vote.
  • The Representation of the People (Amendment) Bill, 2017 was not referred to any standing committee. It was introduced in the Lok Sabha in the recently concluded winter session and has not yet been debated on.

State Specific

Israel’s P.M visits U.P

Key inputs

  • Collaboration to improve the lives of farmers in India’s most populous state.
  • Among the issues raised were the two centres of excellence for horticulture and food processing coming up in Basti and Kannauj districts with Israel’s support
  • Drinking water management in urban areas and solid waste managementa government spokesperson said.
  • The critical subjects of water conservation, water recharging and drip irrigation were also discussed in context of the depleting water table in the drought-prone Bundelkhand.
  • A memorandum of understanding was signed between the Jal Nigam of Uttar Pradesh and Israel’s Ministry of National Infrastructure, Energy and Water Resources on water utility reforms.

Defence

The Revised Make-II’ procedure
Indian industry can suggest projects related to sub-systems for innovation
Industry now have more opportunities to participate in defence production.

Enlighten about the revised Make-II procedure in the Defence Procurement Procedure

  • Indian industry can suggest projects related to sub-systems for innovation and import substitution under the revised Make-II procedure in the Defence Procurement Procedure
  • “The potential ‘Make-II’ projects will be approved by a collegiate comprising the DRDO, Headquarter Integrated Defence Staff and Department of Defence under a committee chaired by Secretary, Defence Production
  • Even start-ups or individuals can propose projects.
  • The Service Headquarters will soon come with a list of projects which can be undertaken under the new procedure.
  • Companies would get design and development time of 12 to 30 weeks to offer prototypes and there is no limit to the number of companies which can respond to the Expression of Interest (EoI).

Enlighten about the ease of process

  • Under the new proposal, the time taken to place orders from the proposal stage would be reduced by 50%.
  • After the development period, the Request for Proposal would be issued to all qualifying companies.
  • Once issued, the RFP cannot be retracted. The company which wins the bid, is assured of an order,” a senior official said.

Single vendor

  • In the case of a single vendor situation, the tender would go through.
  • The estimated time to finish the whole process has come down to 69 to 103 weeks.
  • There would also be no negotiations under the Contract Negotiation Committee (CNC)

Sources- the hindu,pib,livemint,et