Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - January 19, 2018

Agriculture and allied activities

Coffee table book on Mass embryo transfer by Department Of Animal Husbandry, Dairy, and Fisheries (DADF)

  • India has 30 crore Bovines, which is 18 percent of the Bovine population of the world.
  • 42 breeds of cattle, along with Yak and Mithun, and 13 breeds of buffaloes.
  • Launched software to collect data for 20th livestock Census
  • This software will have all the tools to prepare analytical reports and real-time monitoring of census operation.

Action plan on dairy development

  • DADF has prepared an Action Plan on Dairy Development to achieve this target.
  • A Vision 2022 document, prepared on the basis of National Action Plan
  • The document includes an outline for dairy development, recommends measures to double the farmers’ income, and also focuses on ways and means of making milk and milk products pure and safe.

Various government initiatives to achieve the action plan target -

  • Rashtriya Gokul Mission - for the conservation and enhancement and for the growth of Indigenous breeds. This mission was launched in December 2014.
  • National Mission on Bovine Productivity was started in November 2016 to increase production and productivity of bovine population in the country.

Estrus Synchronization

  • 1,24,000 animals were inseminated with high-quality semen of indigenous breeds through Estrus Synchronization.
  • Under this programme, embryos of higher genetic merit indigenous bovines such as Sahiwal, Gir, Red Sindhi, Ongole, Deoni, and Vechur were transferred into surrogate cows. These cows were identified by UID and are under observation.

Embryo transfer technology (ETT)

  • The use of Embryo transfer technology (ETT), a farmer can get a 5-6 fold increase in the number of offspring, which will be free from diseases.
  • 50 embryo transferred technology labs are being established under Rashtriya Gokul Mission.
  • These labs will provide a new direction for the conservation and preservation of indigenous breeds.

Solar Alliance

International Solar Alliance Forum at World Future Energy Summit, Abu Dhabi

  • On receipt of 15 ratifications, the International Solar Alliance (ISAFramework Agreement entered into force on the 6th December, 2017 thereby making ISA a de jure treaty based international intergovernmental organisation
  • So far 19 countries have ratified and 48 countries have signed the ISA Framework Agreement.

1st summit after post-ratification

  • The ISA hosted a two Day Event ‘International Solar Alliance Forum’ during 17-18th January, 2018 at the Future World Energy Summit (WFES) 2018.
  • WFES is a signature event of a global initiative, Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week, hosted by Masdar scheduled during 15-18th January, 2018 at Abu Dhabi (UAE).

Renewable Energy programmes in India

  • India has one of the fastest growing Renewable Energy programmes in the World and the country would achieve its target of 175 GW of installed Renewable Energy capacity well before 2020.
  • ISA shall help mobilize sufficient funds for solar energy projects.
  • Setting up of a $ 350 million solar development fund by the Government of India for solar projects financing.

Enlighten About ISA

  • The Paris Declaration establishes ISA as an alliance dedicated to the promotion of solar energy among its member countries.
  • The ISA’s major objectives include global deployment of over 1,000GW of solar generation capacity and mobilisation of investment of over US$ 1000 billion into solar energy by 2030.
  • As an action-oriented organisation, the ISA brings together countries with rich solar potential to aggregate global demand, thereby reducing prices through bulk purchase, facilitating the deployment of existing solar technologies at scale, and promoting collaborative solar R&D and capacity building.
  • As of now the ISA Framework Agreement has been signed by 48 countries, with 19 of them also depositing the instruments of ratification with the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India

State Specific

Maharashtra
1% Reservation for orphans in government jobs
Approved by Maharashtra Government under general category

Enlighten about parallel reservation –

  • This reservation provision is termed as parallel reservation.
  • Parallel reservation - total jobs available under general category, 1% will be reserved only for orphans
  • It will be provided under general category, which means government does not need to increase its caste reservation quota that has already reached 52%.

Public cloud Policy
Maharashtra – first state to unveil Public Cloud Policy

What it is -

  • mandates state government departments to shift their data storage onto cloud.
  • The State Cabinet headed by Chief Minister also had approved State Innovation and Start-up Policy.
  • Its objective is to attract Rs.5,000 crore investments in development of incubation and start-ups. It will be applicable till 2022.

Awards

Sangeet Natak Akademic Awards - 2016

  • PresidentRam Nath Kovind presented Sangeet Natak Akademi’s Fellowships (Akademi Ratna) and Sangeet Natak Akademi Awards (Akademi Puraskar) for the year 2016

Enlighten about it –

  • The Sangeet Natak Akademi’s Fellowships and Sangeet Natak Akademi Awards are recognised as among most coveted national honours bestowed on performing artists as well as teachers and scholars of performing arts in the country.
  • They are given by Sangeet Natak Akademi, India’s National Academy of Music, Dance & Drama
  • Sangeet Natak Akademi Awards are given in categories of music, dance, theatre, other traditional arts and puppetry, and for contribution and scholarship in performing arts.
  • The award since 2003 consists of Rs. 1 lakh, a citation, an angavastram (shawl), and tamrapatra (brass plaque).

Defence

Agni-5 ballistic missile
Successfully tested Agni-V, validating the long range surface-to-surface ballistic missile’s reliability.
This was the fifth test of the missile and the third consecutive one from a canister on a road mobile launcher

Key inputs

  • Indigenously developed long-range surface-to-surface Agni-5 ballistic missile was successfully test fired successfully from Abdul Kalam Wheeler Island, Odisha.
  • It was overall fifth developmental trial test of the long-range missile carried out by Strategic Forces Command of Indian Army to check its operational readiness.
  • The last test of missile was conducted in December 2016 from same test range.

Agni-5 ballistic missile

  • The Agni-5 is three-stage solid propellant nuclear-capable intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), indigenously developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • It has strike range of over 5,000 kilometres and can carry nuclear warhead of more than one tonne. Thus, it can hit most northern parts of China and other parts of Asia, Europe and Africa. It has not yet inducted into the Services.
  • Agni-5 is most advanced missile having new technologies incorporated with it in terms of navigation and guidance, warhead and engine.
  • It is also a fire and forget missile, which once fired cannot be stopped, except by interceptor missile which only US, Russia and Israel have.
  • It carries Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Vehicles (MIRV) payloads.
  • A single MIRV equipped missile that can deliver multiple warheads at different targets.
  • It is also incorporates advanced technologies involving ring laser gyroscope and accelerometer for navigation and guidance.
  • After some few more trials, it will be inducted into arsenal of tri-Service Strategic Forces Command which manages India’s nuclear arsenal.
  • Once this missile is inducted into Services, India will join super exclusive club of countries with ICMBs (range of over 5,000-5,500 km) alongside US, Russia, China, France and United Kingdom.

Cyber Security

Cyber & Information Security (CIS) Division – newly created under the aegis of MHA

Decided to set up -

  • Cyber Warrior Police Force -To deal with internet related crimes

Implementing ministry –

  • The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA)
  • The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has decided to set up
  • Cyber Warrior Police Force (CWPF) and
  • Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C)
  • to tackle internet-related crimes such as cyber threats, child pornography and online stalking.
  • These divisions will be set up under MHA’s newly created Cyber & Information Security (CIS) Division.

Enlighten about Cyber Warrior Police Force (CWPF)

  • The CWPF is likely to operate under National Information Security Policy and Guidelines wing of MHA’s CIS division.
  • It is proposed to be raised on lines of Central Armed Police Force (CAPF).

Enlighten about CIS Division -

  • CIS Division was created in November 2017.
  • It has four wings, namely Security Clearance, Cyber Crime Prevention, Cyber Security and Information Security Wings each headed by Under Secretary level Officer.
  • Its two divisions cybercrime and information security have already begun operations. It is also proposed to appoint the Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) and Deputy CISO.
  • MHA has already issued communique asking states/UTs to consider setting up state as well as district cybercrime coordination cells.
  • The State cyber security cells will form foundation of centralised CWPF.

Budapest Convention on Cyber Security India - reconsidering its position on becoming a member of the Budapest Convention
The Ministry of Home Affairs has flagged the need for international cooperation to check cyber crime, radicalization and boost data security

DWhat’s the need –

  • Surge in cybercrime, especially after a push for digital India
  • Need for international cooperation to tackle cyber crime
  • India was reconsidering its position on becoming a member of the Budapest Convention

Enlighten about Coordination Centre (I4C) indian cyber crime coordination centre

  • The Home Minister had announced the setting up of I4C in 2016 to deal with all types of cyber crime at the national level
  • I4C will be set up under the newly created Cyber and Information Security (CIS) division of the MHA
  • CIS will have four wings, namely security clearance, cybercrime prevention, cyber security and information security
  • Home ministry has set a deadline of February this year to operationalize the Indian Cyber Crime

Opposition by Intelligence Bureau

  • The move is being opposed by the Intelligence Bureau
  • IB argues that sharing data with foreign law enforcement agencies infringes on national sovereignty and may jeopardize the rights of individuals

Enlighten about Budapest Convention

  • The Convention on Cybercrime, also known as the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime is the first international treaty seeking to address Internet and computer crime by harmonizing national laws, improving investigative techniques, and increasing cooperation among nations
  • It was drawn up by the Council of Europe
  • It was opened for signature in Budapest, on 23 November 2001 and it entered into force on 1 July 2004
  • The Convention is the first international treaty on crimes committed via the Internet and other computer networks, dealing particularly with infringements of copyright, computer-related fraud, child pornography, hate crimes, and violations of network security
  • It also provides procedural law tools to make investigation of cybercrime and securing of e-evidence in relation to any crime more effective
  • The convention allows international police and judicial cooperation on cybercrime and e-evidence
  • The Convention has 56 members, including the US and the UK