Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - January 20, 2018

Ministry of Electronics & IT

MEITY launches Cyber Surakshit Bharat to strengthen Cybersecurity
The first public-private partnership of its kind in India
The best brains in both the government and corporate sector to come together to ensure a safe a secure cyberspace

Implementing Ministry

  • The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), announced the Cyber Surakshit Bharat initiative in association with National e-Governance Division (NeGD)

Why

  • To spread awareness about cybercrime and building capacity for safety measures for Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) and frontline IT staff across all government departments,

Cyber Surakshit Bharat

  • Cyber Surakshit Bharat will be operated on the three principles of Awareness, Education and Enablement.
  • It will include an awareness program on the importance of cybersecurity; a series of workshops on best practices and enablement of the officials with cybersecurity health tool kits to manage and mitigate cyber threats.

First Public – Private Partnership -

  • Cyber Surakshit Bharat is the first public-private partnership of its kind and will leverage the expertise of the IT industry in cybersecurity.
  • The founding partners of the consortium are leading IT companies Microsoft, Intel, WIPRO, Redhat and Dimension Data.
  • Additionally, knowledge partners include Cert-In, NIC, NASSCOM and the FIDO Alliance and premier consultancy firms Deloitte and EY.

Cyber Surakshit Bharat

  • aims to conduct a series of training programs in the next six months across Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Chennai.
  • The audience will include CISOs and technical officials from:
  • The central government
  • State governments and Union Territories
  • Public Sector Banks
  • Public Sector Units
  • Defense forces, defense PSUs and technical arms of the Air Force, Army and Navy

International Bodies

India admitted to Australia Group

Australian Group –

  • Aims to prevent proliferation of biological and chemical weapons, would ensure a more secure world.
  • The Australia Group decided to admit India as its 43rd participant.
  • India’s membership would help to counter the “spread of materials, equipment and technologies that could contribute to the development or acquisition of chemical/biological weapons.”
  • The entry is a show of support from the international community for India’s non-proliferation records.
  • India’s entry into the Australia Group shows India’s export controls and safeguards for biological and chemical agents, equipments and technologies meet the benchmarks established by the international community.
  • India joined the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) in 2016 and the Wassenaar Arrangement (WA) last year.
  • India is now a member of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), the Wassenaar Arrangement (WA) as well as AG, three of four non-proliferation regimes. The only one remaining is the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG). India has managed entry into all three groups despite not being a signatory to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), and despite China's attempts to stonewall its bid to enter the NSG.
  • Significantly, China, which stonewalled India's entry into the 48-nation NSG is not a member of the WA or the MTCR, both of which play a significant role in promoting transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies.
  • Since its civil nuclear deal with the US, India has been trying to get into export control regimes such as the NSG, the MTCR, the Australia Group and the Wassenaar Arrangement that regulate the conventional, nuclear, biological and chemicals weapons and technologies.

Enlighten about MTCR –

  • Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), an informal and voluntary partnership among 35 countries that regulates trade in sensitive equipment and technologies to ensure there is no proliferation of missile and unmanned aerial vehicle technology capable of carrying payloads above 500kg for more than 300km.
  • India had joined it in June 2017.

Enlighten about Wassenaar Arrangement

  • India had joined Wassenaar Arrangement, which is also an informal grouping of 42 countries, exercising control over the export of dual-use goods and technologies in December 2017.
  • Now, NSG, which controls the export of sensitive nuclear technologies and equipment, with the aim of preventing nuclear weapons’ proliferation is only export control group that India is not part of.
  • China has repeatedly blocking India’s entry in NSG.
  • Significantly, China is not member of Wassenaar Arrangement, MTCR and Australia Group.

Enlighten about Australia Group

  • It is multilateral export control regime (MECR) and informal group that works to counter spread of materials, equipment and technologies that could contribute to development or acquisition of chemical and biological weapons (CBW) by states or terrorist groups through harmonisation of export controls.
  • It was established in 1985.

National

Office of profit

  • Election Commission (EC) recommended to President Ram Nath Kovind that 20 of AAP MLAs be disqualified for holding offices of profit.
  • The EC’s counsel is binding on the President.
  • The controversy was triggered when 21 AAP MLAs were appointed Parliamentary Secretaries in March 2015.
  • The Delhi government then introduced an amendment to the Delhi Members of Legislative Assembly (Removal of Disqualification) Act, exempting the post from the definition of “office-of-profit.”
  • President Pranab Mukherjee rejected the amendment in June 2015.
  • Advocate Prashant Patel then petitioned the President seeking the MLAs’ disqualification.
  • The plea was then referred to the EC.

Defence

Navy's All-Woman Crew Aboard INSV Tarini Crosses Cape Horn, Roughest Stretch Of Water

  • It was termed as "historic" when an all-woman Indian Navy team set sail for one of the toughest feats -- a global circumnavigation trip - in September last year.
  • A the six-member crew of the tiny sailboat Indian Naval Sailing Vessel INS Tarini has successfully crossed the notoriously rough Drake Passage, as they rounded Cape Horn off the Southern tip of South America, sometimes called the Mount Everest of sailing. They hoisted the tricolour as they raced towards Port Stanley in the Falkland Islands.

Ministry of Corporate Affairs

The National CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) Data Portal and Corporate Data Portal.

  • The National CSR Data Portal will capture information on CSR activities carried out by eligible companies
  • The CSR portal contains all filed information, which can generate predefined reports with respect to expenditure across states, districts and development sectors adding
  • By making the portals accessible to general public, it will ensure high level of compliance and also in institutionalising and consolidating the CSR activities.
  • The open access to data is expected to help researchers, improve quality of data filed by companies as well as involve intended beneficiaries in giving valuable feedback to companies.
  • It will help in institutionalising and consolidating the CSR activities
  • The ease with which corporate data is available online had put pressure on companies to ensure compliance.

National CSR Data Portal and Corporate Data Portal

  • The National CSR Data Portal will capture information on CSR activities carried out by eligible companies.
  • While the Corporate Data Portal aims at making all the financial and non-financial information of the companies available in a user friendly format to the general public

Defence

Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC-1) Vikrant IAC-I is expected to join the Navy in October 2020

  • The Indian Navy is confident of commissioning Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC-1) Vikrant, currently under construction at Kochi
  • The Navy’s Republic Day contingents. The theme of this year’s Navy tableau is centred around a model of Vikrant being built at the shipyard.

Enlighten about Vikrant -

  • Vikrant borrows its name from India’s first aircraft carrier, the 20,000-tonne INSVikrant purchased from the U.K.
  • India currently operates the 44,500-tonne INSVikramaditya procured from Russia.
  • Like INSVikramaditya, Vikrant too would employ the STOBAR (Short Take-Off But Arrested Recovery) mechanism with a ski-jump and arrestor cables to launch and recover aircraft.
  • It can operate 20 fighter jets and 10 other aircraft. The Mig-29K fighters currently in service with the Navy would also be on the deck of Vikrant.