Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - January 22, 2018

Government Schemes

Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan
Crosses 1 crore markin antenatal check-ups.

  • It was launched in 2016
  • To ensure comprehensive and quality antenatal checkups to pregnant women across country.
  • It has provided quality antenatal checkups to pregnant women on the 9th of every month.
  • The scheme is helping in making safe pregnancy to become social movement in country.
  • It also is successful in reaching out to difficult and remote areas.

Top States -

  • Maharashtra has reported largest number of check-ups among non-empowered action group states and Rajasthan has reported largest number of check-ups among empowered action group states.

Role of Private doctors -

  • It is scheme implemented by Health Ministry to provide free health check-ups to pregnant women at government health centres and hospitals in both rural and urban areas.
  • Aims to provide pregnant ladies free ante-natal services (ANC) and required treatment for free on 9th of every month.


  • Provide healthy life to the pregnant women.
  • Lowering the maternity mortality rate.
  • Making pregnant women aware of their health issues and diseases.
  • Making sure safe delivery and healthy life of the baby.

Applicable for -

  • The scheme is applicable only for pregnant women in their pregnancy period of 3 to 6 months. Facilities:
  • The scheme provides all kinds of medical checkups completely free to pregnant women.
  • These checkups take place at medical centres, government and private hospitals and private clinics across the country.
  • These free of cost tests includes blood pressure, sugar level, weight, haemoglobin test, blood test and screening.
  • Colour Coding: Women will be marked differently using different colour stickers based on their health problems so that doctors can easily detect the problem.
  • Different colour stickers will be Red Sticker for Serious patients, Blue Sticker for High blood pressure and Yellow Sticker for Other diseases.

Disaster Management

India’s First Automatic Early Warning Dissemination System
A pre-warning siren in event of occurrence of natural disasters like tsunami or cyclone

  • To come up in Odisha
  • will be commissioned by March 2018
  • The project aims to establish fool-proof communication system to address existing gaps in disseminating disaster warning up to community level.
  • The project is being implemented under National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project with World Bank’s help.

Enlighten about EWDS -

  • The EWDS comprises certain devices inbuilt into it like as Satellite-Based Mobile Data Voice Terminals (SBMDVT), Digital Mobile Radio (DMR), Mass Messaging System (MMS) and Universal Communication Interface (UCI) which help in inter-operability among different communication technologies.
  • Whenever, there is slightest hint of disasters like tsunami or cyclone or any other natural calamity, it will broadcast warning to entire state just by press of button from control room in state capital Bhubeneswar.
  • With press of button, loud sirens will go off at same time and warning sound will heard in localities to radius of 1.5 km.

Economy Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas

Acquisition of HPCL by ONGC

  • The Government of India entered into an agreement with ONGC for sale of its 51.11% equity shareholding in HPCL at a consideration of Rs. 36,915 crore.
  • This is in line with the Budget announcement 2017-18 to create oil majors in the country. This has completed the successful implementation of the Budget announcement in a time bound manner.
  • Shri Pradhan said ONGC-HPCL integration is the first innovative vertical integration that will help leveraging the strength of both the companies.
  • Through this acquisition, ONGC will become India’s first vertically integrated ‘oil major’ company, having presence across the entire value chain.

The group company will have advantage of having enhanced capacity to bear higher risk, take higher investment decisions and improve business.

Ministry of Defence

Navika Sagar Parikrama INSV Tarini Reached port Stanley Falkland Islands

  • INSV Tarini entered Port Stanley (Falkland islands) today during it’s maiden voyage to circumnavigate the globe.
  • This is the first-ever Indian circumnavigation of the globe by an all-women crew.

INSV Tarini -

  • The indigenously-built INSV Tarini is a 56-foot sailing vessel, which was inducted in the Indian Navy earlier this year, and showcases the ‘Make in India’ initiative on the International forum.

Navik Sagar Parikarma -

  • The expedition titled ‘Navika Sagar Parikrama’, is in consonance with the National policy to empower women to attain their full potential.
  • It also aims to showcase ‘Nari Shakti’ on the world platform and help revolutionise societal attitudes and mindset towards women in India by raising visibility of their participation in challenging environs.
  • The vessel is scheduled to return to Goa in April 2018, on completion of the voyage.
  • The expedition is being covered in five legs, with stop-overs at four ports: Fremantle (Australia), Lyttleton (New Zealand), Port Stanley (Falklands), and Cape Town (South Africa).


The Government of India, the Government of Uttarakhand and the World Bank sign $120 million Loan Agreement to improve access to Water Supply Services in the Hilly State of Uttarakhand.

What -

  • The Government of India, the Government of Uttarakhand and the World Bank
  • Signed, a $120 million Loan Agreement

Purpose -

  • It will help increase access to improved water supply services in peri-urban areas in the State of Uttarakhand.

Enlighten about the agreement -

  • The Uttarakhand Water Supply Program for Peri-Urban Areas will help the State increase water supply coverage as well as ensure sustainable water supply service delivery in peri-urban areas.
  • It will develop and implement a service-oriented and efficient water supply policy for peri-urban areas, strengthen the current monitoring and evaluation systems, and provide dedicated incentives for preparation and adoption of water supply ‘master-plans’ in peri-urban areas.


International Dam Safety Conference Thiruvananthapuram

  • India will be hosting the International Dam Safety Conference - 2018 at Thiruvananthapuram on January 23-24.

Organising bodies -

  • Central Water Commission is organizing the event in association with Kerala Water Resources Department (KWRD), Kerala State Electricity Board, National Institute of Technology Calicut and College of Engineering, Trivandrum.

Enlighten about IDSM -

  • Dam safety conferences are organized as an annual event under the Dam Safety Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) project being run by the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR,RD & GR) in the seven states of Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, and Uttarakhand.
  • Launched in the year 2012 with a financial outlay of Rs. 2100 Crores,
  • A World Bank aided project aims at the rehabilitation of old dams in the country that may be experiencing distress and are in need of attention for ensuring their structural safety and operational efficiency.
  • The project also aims to strengthen the institutional capacity and project management in this area.
  • The upcoming conference at Trivandrum will see the participation of 550 delegates from over 20 countries.
  • Seven dam safety guidelines and manuals developed under DRIP will also be released for implementation during the conference.
  • A software programme - Dam Health and Rehabilitation Monitoring Application(DHARMA)- will also be launched during the conference.

Enlighten about DHARMA

  • DHARMA is a web tool to digitize all dam related data effectively.
  • It will help to document authentic asset and health information pertaining to the large dams in the country, enabling appropriate actions to ensure need based rehabilitation. It is a new stride in asset management aspect by India.

Enlighten about the statics of DAMS in India -

  • Globally India ranks third after China and the United States of America in terms of number of large dams (5254 large dams in operation and 447 large dams under construction) with a total storage capacity of about 283 billion cubic meters.

Enlighten about the area of work of DRIP

  • To provide solutions to dam safety issues,
  • Assisting in the development of Emergency Action Plans (EAP) for dams,
  • Developing the software tool ‘Dam Health and Rehabilitation Monitoring Application (DHARMA)’
  • Seismic Hazard Mapping for the entire Country and development of Seismic Hazard Assessment Information System (SHAISYS),
  • Preparation of Guidelines and Manuals, strengthening of Dam Safety Organisations