Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - January 30, 2018

Economic Survey 2017-18

Real GDP Growth to Clock 6.75 Percent this Fiscal Economic Survey Predicts 7-7.5 Percent Growth in 2018-19

  • Employment, Education & Agruiculture To Be The Focus Areas In Medium Term, Says Survey
  • The survey points out that India can be rated as among the best performing economies in the world as the average growth during last three years is around 4 percentage points higher than global growth and nearly 3 percentage points higher than that of Emerging Market and Developing Economies.
  • It points out that the GDP growth has averaged 7.3 per cent for the period from 2014-15 to 2017-18, which is the highest among the major economies of the world.

International

China releases Arctic Policy

Enlighten about the aspects of China’s Arctic Policy

  • China will participate in the development of Arctic shipping routes which are composed of the Northeast Passage, Northwest Passage, and the Central Passage.
  • The Arctic shipping routes likely to become important transport routes for international trade” as a result of global warming, China plans to build a “Polar Silk Road” by developing the Arctic shipping routes
  • China aims to participate “in the exploration for and exploitation of oil, gas, mineral and other non-living resources” in the Arctic
  • China will start to utilize fisheries and other living resources and participate in conservation, since “the Arctic has the potential to become a new fishing ground in the future.”
  • China will develop Arctic tourism, which the paper described as “an emerging industry.” China will support and encourage “its enterprises to cooperate with Arctic States in developing tourism in the region” and conduct “training for and regulates Chinese tourism agencies and professionals involved in Arctic tourism.”
  • China is an important stakeholder in Arctic affairs. Geographically, China is a ‘Near-Arctic State’, one of the continental States that are closest to the Arctic Circle.
  • The natural conditions of the Arctic and their changes have a direct impact on China’s climate system and ecological environment, and, in turn, on its economic interests in agriculture, forestry, fishery, marine industry and other sectors.

Enlighten about Arctic Region -

  • The land territories in the Arctic cover an area of about 8 million square kilometres, whose sovereignty belongs to Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the US.
  • The Arctic Ocean has an area of over 12 million square kilometres, in which coastal and other countries share maritime rights and interests according to international law.

Ministry of Earth Science

Mihir’ (meaning ‘Sun’) Inauguration of High performance computing (HPC) Facility at Noida

  • The High Performance Computer (HPC) System named ‘Mihir’ (meaning ‘Sun’) inaugurated at the National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF)
  • This will improve India’s capacity in weather forecast

Enlighten about the HPC facility

  • The HPC facility will be India’s largest HPC facility in terms of peak capacity and performance and will propel India’s ranking from the 368th position to around the top 30 in the Top 500 list of HPC facilities in the world.
  • India will now also be ranked 4th, after Japan, UK and USA for dedicated HPC resources for weather/climate community.

Science & Tech

RemoveDebris

  • RemoveDebris, a mission that will test different methods to clean up space junk is getting ready for launch.

Enlighten About RemoveDebris mission

  • RemoveDEBRIS is aimed at performing key Active Debris Removal (ADR) technology demonstrations (e.g capture, deorbiting) representative of an operational scenario during a low-cost mission using novel key technologies for ADR.
  • The project is co-ordinated by the Surrey Space Centre at the University of Surrey, UK, and involves the collaboration of a number of mission partners.
  • The mission will comprise of a main satellite platform that once in orbit will deploy two CubeSats as artificial debris targets to demonstrate some of the technologies (net capture, harpoon capture, vision-based navigation,dragsail de-orbitation).

Government Schemes

StreeSwabhiman

Implementing Ministry -

  • Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeITY)

Why –

  • Its aim is to create sustainable model for providing adolescent girls and women an access to affordable sanitary products by leveraging Common Service Centres (CSCs).

Enlighten about StreeSwabhiman Initiative

  • Under this initiative, Common Service Centres (CSC) will provide access to affordable, reliable and modern (eco-friendly) sanitary napkins (menstrual pads) to adolescent girls and women in rural areas.
  • Its purpose is to improve awareness on menstrual health and hygiene of women, thus help to protect dignity and rights of women.
  • Under this initiative, semi-automatic and manual sanitary napkin manufacturing units will be set up at CSC for producing affordable and eco-friendly sanitary napkins.
  • These micro manufacturing units will be operated by women entrepreneurs and generate employment for 8-10 women. Common Service Centres

Enlighten about CSC

  • CSCs are ICT enabled front end service delivery points at the village level for delivery of government and private services.
  • They are a strategic cornerstone of the Digital India programme.
  • They are the access points for delivery of various electronic services to villages in India.

Sources – pib, the hindu, livemint