Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - July 10, 2018

Judicial Reforms

Live-streaming of court proceedings SC says it is ready to go live

WHAT

  • The Supreme Court said on Monday that it is ready to go live on camera while the government mooted a separate TV channel for live-streaming court proceedings.

Extension to Open Court System

  • A three-judge Bench of Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra and Justices A.M. Khanwilkar and D.Y. Chandrachud said a livestream is only an extension of the ‘open court’ system, where the public can walk in and watch court proceedings.

Benefits of getting live streaming

  • A livestream would help litigants follow the proceedings in their case and also assess their lawyers’ performance.
  • People from far-flung States such as Tamil Nadu and Kerala do not have to travel all the way to the national capital for a day’s hearing.
  • A livestream would keep a check on lawyers’ conduct inside the courtrooms.
  • With the entire country watching them, there would be fewer interruptions, raised voices and adjournments from the lawyers

Live streaming through a dedicated channel

  • It is proposed to have a dedicated channel like the Rajya Sabha TV and the Lok Sabha TV for the Supreme Court.

Concerns

  • live-streaming cases involving national security concerns, matrimonial disputes and rape cases will have to be taken care through proper mechanism
  • A public viewing of marital dispute and rape case proceedings would seriously affect justice and amount to a violation of the fundamental right to privacy.

Why it is important

  • The citizens have the right to information and matters of constitutional and national importance can be live-streamed.
  • If livestream of the top court’s proceedings is not possible, alternatively the video recording should be allowed
  • This writ petition is filed as pro bono for enforcement of public interest, to advance the rule of law and to bring accessibility and transparency in the administration of justice

Infrastructure Development

World’s largest mobile factory’ in Noida Inaugurated Samsung’s mobile manufacturing plant

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President of the Republic of Korea Moon Jae-in on Monday inaugurated Samsung’s mobile manufacturing plant, touted as the biggest in the world, in Noida.
  • With this plant, set up on an investment of ₹4,915 crore, the South Korean electronics major plans to make India an export hub, with 50% of its overall production coming from here in the next three years from the present 10%.
  • Samsung said it would almost double its manufacturing capacity to 120 million by 2020 from 68 million now.
  • 30% of phones made at the Noida plant would be exported.

Human Resource Development

Institutions of Eminence list released Each ‘Public Institution’ selected as ‘Institution of Eminence’ will get financial assistance up to Rs. 1000 Crore over a period of five years

Six higher education institutions

  • Public Sector: (i) Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka; (ii) Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, Maharashtra; and (iii) Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi.
  • Private Sector: (i) Jio Institute (Reliance Foundation), Pune under Green Field Category; (ii) Birla Institute of Technology & Sciences, Pilani, Rajasthan; and (iii) Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka.
  • They have been named Institutions of Eminence (IoE) by the Centre.
  • An empowered committee, under former Chief Election Commissioner N. Gopalaswami, recommended these institutions.

The greenfield category

  • The greenfield category institutions will be issued letters of intent for three years within which they have to commence academic operations for the notification declaring them IoE to be issued.
  • If they fail, the committee can recommend cancellation of the IoE status.
  • This sets them apart from other institutions.
  • Institutions not given the IoE status in this round could apply again till the committee finalised 10 public and 10 private institutions.

Enlighten more about it

  • The notification awards three of India's official top 10 institutions, as per the NIRF, the coveted status.
  • This will enable them to be free from regulations of the AICTE, UGC, or the Higher Education Commission of India that is set to replace the UGC.
  • The Centre plans to offer 10 government and 10 private institutions the coveted status to enable them to break into the world’s top 500 in a decade and into the top 100 after that.
  • These institutions will be permitted to admit 30% foreign students with no restrictions on fees charged from them, hire foreign faculty to the tune of 25% of the total faculty and enter into academic collaborations with the top 500 global universities without UGC approval.
  • They will also have full flexibility in evolving curricula and syllabi.
  • The public institutions will get assistance of up to ₹1000 crore over five years.

Enlighten about the NIRF Ranking

  • IISc is ranked first in the all-India NIRF rankings of the Centre in 2018, IIT Bombay and Delhi are ranked third and fourth in the rankings, respectively.
  • IIT Madras, ranked second, IIT Kharagpur, ranked fifth, JNU, ranked sixth and IIT Kanpur, ranked seven, did not make the cut this time.
  • Manipal is ranked 18th in India by the NIRF and BITS Pilani 26th.

About Jio University

  • Reliance Foundation was planning to establish a university for cutting-edge research and innovation.
  • The government on Monday shared a statement on the merits of the Jio proposal.
  • The note said it is supported by the largest private sector company in India with a transformational impact and expertise in large-scale game-changing initiatives.

Ministry of Tourism

First ever India Tourism Mart To be hosted in New Delhi from 16th to 18th September by the Ministry of Tourism

  • Tourism Ministry in partnership with the Federation of Associations in Indian Tourism and Hospitality (FAITH) and with the support of State /UT Governments will organize the ‘first ever’ India Tourism Mart (ITM)

Objective

  • To create an annual Global Tourism Mart for India in line with major international travel marts being held in countries across the world.
  • The Mart will provide a platform for all stakeholders in the tourism and hospitality industries to interact and transact business opportunities.

Enlighten about ITM 2018

  • The ITM 2018 will be a big step which will get buyers from all over the world.
  • The Government’s aim of bringing the Tourist footfall to double in next three years
  • ITM will be the best platform for the States to showcase their products to international buyers, opinion makers and bloggers and attract more tourists to their respective states.
  • The Secretary added that till now only few states like Kerala, Rajasthan were conducting the Tourism Marts and only a few states have participated in International Marts.
  • Therefore, ITM 2018 will be a great opportunity for other states who neither have their own Marts nor ever participated in any International Marts to showcase themselves in front of the International buyers.

Enlighten about FAITH

  • FAITH is the apex organization of all the important trade and hospitality associations of the country with all the 10 major Tourist organizations like FHRI, HAI, IATO being involved in this mega event and India Convention Promotion Board (ICPB) shall coordinate the whole event.

Ministry of Science & Technology

India, South Korea Sign Five MoUs in Science & Technology

  • India and South Korea today signed five MoUs in the field of Science & Technology.

Enlighten about the MoUs

  • Programme of Cooperation 2018-21
  • Establishment of Future Strategy Group
  • Cooperation in Biotechnology & Bio economy.
  • The MoU on Establishment of Future Strategy Group was signed by Indian Science & Technology and Commerce Ministers, while on the Korean side, it was signed by Science and ICT and Trade Ministers.
  • Two other MoUs were signed between Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR), and South Korean National Research Council for Science & Technology and IIT Mumbai and Korea Institute of Science & Technology,to further accelerate future-oriented cooperation in their respective sectors.
  • The MoUs were signed at the conclusion of the 4th India-Korea Science & Technology Ministers Steering Committee Meeting.

Establishment of Indo-Korean Center for Research and Innovation (IKCRI) in India

  • It will act as the hub for systematic operation and management of all cooperative programmes in research and innovation between the two countries including innovation & entrepreneurship and technology transfer..

Establishment of a Future Strategic Group

  • It will build a collaborative platform that can utilize the potential of both the countries towards fostering innovation and create impact which is of social and economic good.

Sports

FIG Artistic Gymnastics World Challenge Cup at Mersin, Turkey

  • First Indian gymnast to win gold medal - gymnasts Dipa Karmakar
  • This is her first medal in World Challenge Cup.

Enlighten about Dipa Karmakar

  • She was born on 9 August 1993 in Agartala, Tripura.
  • She becomes first Indian female gymnast to qualify for vault event at 2016 Rio Olympics
  • She is first Indian female gymnast ever to compete in Olympics, and first India gymnast to do so in 52 years.
  • Awarded with Padma Shri, India’s fourth highest civilian award in 2017

Focus

Law Commission of India

  • Law Commission of India is an executive body established by an order of the Government of India.
  • Its major function is to work for legal reform.
  • Its membership primarily comprises legal experts, who are entrusted a mandate by the Government.
  • The Commission is established for a fixed tenure and works as an advisory body to the Ministry of Law and Justice
  • The first Law Commission was established during the British Raj era in 1834 by the Charter Act of 1833.
  • The first Law Commission of independent India was established in 1955 for a three-year term.
  • Since then, twenty more Commissions have been established.
  • The 20th Law Commission was established in 2013 under the Chairmanship of Supreme Court Judge, D.K Jain. Its tenure was fixed till 2015.
  • The present Law Commission was established in 2015, and has tenure to 2018.
  • The terms of reference of the Law Commission include the review and repeal of obsolete laws, the examination of existing laws & the revision of central Acts of general importance.
  • Justice Balbir Singh Chauhan, a former judge of the Supreme Court was appointed Chairman of the 21st Law Commission

Sources – The Hindu , PIB , Live mint, Vikaspedia