Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - July 23, 2018

Youth Affairs and Sports

KHELO INDIA launches unique programme to nurture sporting talent KHELO INDIA TALENT DEVELOPMENT Scheme

WHAT

  • Following the successful conduct of the Khelo India School Games, Sports Authority of India (SAI) took another significant step towards the development of sports
  • SAI cleared 734 players for a scholarship programme under Khelo India Talent Identification Development scheme.

Enlighten about the Scheme

  • A talent identification committee was formed comprising Arjuna Awardees and Dronacharya Awardees to shortlist and propose the names of the beneficiaries to the High Powered Committee, which cleared the above numbers after due diligence.
  • The scholarship programme is designed to take care of their expenses including training, development, boarding and lodging and tournament exposure apart from offering them out of pocket expense allowance.
  • An annual stipend of Rs. 1.2 lakhs will be given to the players on a quarterly basis to meet their out of pocket expenses
  • Support and skill trainings at KHELO INDIA accredited Academies.
  • For the first time ever, in order to create a strong ecosystem for nurturing the talent, various private, State and Sports Authority of India academies have been accredited.
  • The High Powered Committee accredited 21 non-SAI academies as well.
  • The plan is to develop more such academies so that young athletes can get access to the best training without having to travel long distances.
  • The accredited academies will look after the training, boarding and tournament expenses of the athletes.

Enlighten about Khelo India

Bilateral Relations

Prime Minister to visit Rwanda, Uganda and South Africa

  • This will be the first visit by an Indian Prime Minister to Rwanda and the first visit by our Prime Minister to Uganda in over 20 years.
  • The visit to South Africa is in the context of BRICS Summit.
  • In Rwanda, Prime Minister will visit the Genocide Memorial and participate in an event on "Girinka” (one cow per family), a national social protection scheme of Rwanda personally initiated by President Paul Kagame.
  • In Uganda, Prime Minister will deliver a Keynote address at the Parliament of Uganda – the first Indian Prime Minister to address the Ugandan Parliament.
  • In South Africa, the Prime Minister will have bilateral meeting with the South African President and will attend the BRICS Summit and other BRICS related meetings

State Specific

U.P. police to set up ‘Digital Armies’

Why

  • To curb incidents of lynching and violence due to fake news on social media

Enlighten about Digital Armies

  • The Uttar Pradesh police will set up ‘Digital Armies’ of prominent residents to keep a vigil on inflammatory posts and rumour-mongering.
  • As part of the initiative, all the 1,469 police stations in the State will have a WhatsApp group consisting 250 members including ex-servicemen, teachers, doctors, advocates and journalists among others
  • These ‘digital volunteers’ will inform their local police station if they come across fake news on the social media and at the same time, disseminate correct information among the locals to curb the spread of rumours
  • The group members will share with the police various information, rumours, photographs and videos of their respective area
  • The move comes in the wake of the Central government’s directions to take effective steps to stop the spread of the rumours and fake news

Report/Index

Public Affairs Index 2018 Kerala Tops 3rd time In Governance Index, Bihar Ranks The Lowest

  • Organising Agency - Public Affairs Index 2018 released by the think tank Public Affairs Centre (PAC) in Bengaluru.

Enlighten about the Report

  • Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Karnataka and Gujarat followed Kerala among the top five states delivering good governance,
  • Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Bihar ranked the lowest on the PAI, indicating higher social and economic inequalities in the states.

Small States

  • Among smaller states (with population less than two crore), Himachal Pradesh topped the list, followed by Goa, Mizoram, Sikkim and Tripura which figured among the top five states with good governance.
  • Nagaland, Manipur and Meghalaya were ranked at the bottom of the index among small states.

Parameters

  • The think tank has undertaken the study across all the Indian states considering them across 10 themes such as essential infrastructure, support to human development, social protection, women and children as well as law and order.
  • The index provides a multi-dimensional and comprehensive matrix that attempts to capture the complexities of governing the plural and diverse people of this sub-continent

Division of States

  • The states were divided into two categories, large and small, on the basis of their population. States with more than two crore population were considered large.
  • A total of 30 focus subjects and 100 indicators were measured to derive the PAI, relying solely upon government data.
  • The PAC said it was not keen to access private data sources that may be interpreted as "biased".
  • This year's PAI also included a separate index on the children of India, giving a measure of how child-friendly each of the states are.
  • Kerala, Himachal Pradesh and Mizoram topped the index on being the states to provide better living conditions for all children.
  • The Centre added a new chapter in the index this year, Children of India, which included themes such as early childhood development, education, adolescence, protection, institutional structure and governance.

Enlighten about PAI

  • Released annually since 2016, the index examines governance performance in the states through a data-based framework, ranking them on social and economic development they are able to provide.
  • Founded in 1994 by renowned Indian economist and scholar late Samuel Paul, the think tank works to mobilise a demand for better governance in the country.

Defence

Army to get artillery guns from September K9 Vajra-T tracked self-propelled artillery guns from South Korea M777 ultra-light howitzers from UAS

WHAT

  • From September, the Army will be inducting two types of artillery guns into its arsenal.
  • These will be the first induction of heavy artillery since the Swedish Bofors guns imported in the 1980s.
  • The Army will start taking delivery of the K9 Vajra-T tracked self-propelled artillery guns from South Korea in September and the first regiment of 18 guns is expected to be ready by the third quarter of 2019.
  • At the same time, it will also receive four M777 ultra-light howitzers from the U.S.

Enlighten about K9 Vajra-T guns

  • In April 2017, the Indian engineering conglomerate Larsen & Toubro (L&T) and Hanwa Techwin of South Korea signed a contract to manufacture the K9 Vajra-T guns.
  • The K9 was shortlisted by the Army after extensive trials and the deal is worth about ₹4,500 crore for 100 guns.
  • K9 Vajra-T is a 155-mm, 52-calibre self-propelled artillery gun with a maximum range of 40 km, customised from the original K9 Thunder gun.
  • The fire control system has been customised for desert conditions to the requirements of the Army.
  • The first 10 guns will be imported from South Korea and the rest manufactured by L&T in India.

M777 ultra-light howitzers

  • The M777 induction process is progressing on schedule after a brief delay.
  • The Army will shortly resume user trials after which it will take formal delivery.
  • In 2016, India signed a deal for 145 M777 ULHs with the U.S. under the Foreign Military Sales programme at a cost of $737 million.
  • The M777 is a 155-mm, 39-calibre towed artillery gun and weighs just four tonnes, making it transportable under slung from helicopters.

Sources – PIB , The Hindu , Business Standard