Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - July 29th 2017

Important Date

International Tiger Day - 29 July

  • Celebrated every year on 29 July to raise awareness for tiger conservation. The goal of observance of the day is to promote the protection and expansion of the wild tigers habitats and to gain support through awareness for tiger conservation.
  • Special programmes are being organized all over the globe by many international organisations including the WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature), the IFAW (International Fund for Animal Welfare) etc. organized events.

Enlighten about - TIGER

  • In the last century 97% of all wild tigers had disappeared due to many factors including habitat loss, hunting and poaching, climate change. According to WWF, only 3,890 tigers are left in the world, of them, India with more than 2500 tigers has the highest number.

Government Policies

Installation of Electric vehicle's charging stations in BENGALURU

  • Under Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India [FAME-India] Scheme of the Government, 25 Charging Stations have been installed at 6 different locations in Bengaluru by M/s. Mahindra REVA Electric Vehicles Pvt. Ltd, as a pilot project

Enlighten about - FAME INDIA SCHEME

  • The FAME-India (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (hybrid &) Electric vehicles in India).
  • To be implemented over a period of 6 years, till 2020
  • This scheme intended to support the hybrid/electric vehicles market development and its manufacturing eco-system to achieve self-sustenance at the end of the stipulated period.
  • The scheme has four focus areas, technology development, demand creation, pilot projects and charging infrastructure.
  • FAME India - is a part of the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan.
  • It is being administered by the Heavy Industries Ministry

International institutions

Green Climate Fund

  • India's National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has signed an Accreditation Master Agreement (AMA) with the Green Climate Fund. With the signing of the AMA, NABARD becomes the first Indian organisation to get Direct Access Entity status and is the first step for the body to access GCF resources.

ENLIGHTEN ABOUT - GCF

  • The GCF was set up in 2010
  • Under the UNFCCC's financial mechanism to channel funding from developed countries to developing countries to allow them to mitigate climate change and also adapt to disruptions arising from a changing climate.
  • It was central to the Paris climate agreement signed in 2015, that the world's largest historical emitter.

How GCF will help-

  • The Green Climate Fund will support projects, programmes, policies and other activities in developing country Parties using thematic funding windows.
  • It is intended to be the centrepiece of efforts to raise Climate Finance of $100 billion a year by 2020.
  • The Fund will promote the paradigm shift towards low-emission and climate-resilient development pathways by providing support to developing countries to limit or reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and to adapt to the impacts of climate change, taking into account the needs of those developing countries particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.

Brics Labour And Employment Minister's Meet - China

  • China is the chair for the BRICS Labour & Employment Ministers Meet for the year 2017.
  • This year's meeting was held in Chonqging, China.
  • The meeting concluded with the adoption of the BRICS Labour and Employment Ministerial Declaration by the BRICS Labour and Employment Ministers.

Enlighten about- BRICS Labour and Employment Ministerial Declaration:

  • The Declaration covered a variety of areas that are of critical importance to all BRICS countries including India and called upon strengthening collaboration and cooperation on these through appropriate institutionalisation.
  • These areas consisted of: "Governance in the Future of Work", "Skills for development in BRICS", "Universal and sustainable social security systems", "BRICS Network of Labour Research Institutions", "BRICS Social Security Cooperation Framework" and "BRICS entrepreneurship research".

About BRICS

  • The BRICS countries - Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa - are home to 42% of the world's population. Their total share in the global economy has risen from 12% to 23% in the past decade, while contributing more than half of global growth.

Disaster Management

Sagar Vani

  • A mobile app, was launched recently on the occasion of Foundation Day of Ministry of Earth Sciences.

Enlighten about - Sagar Vani

  • It is a software platform where various dissemination modes will be integrated on a single central server.
  • It includes Multi Lingual SMS, Voice Call / Audio Advisory, Mobile Apps (User / Admin modules), Social Media (Facebook, Twitter, etc.), Email, GTS, Fax, Digital Display Boards, Radio / Television broadcast units, IVRS, Cloud Channels, etc.
  • It also provides access to various stakeholders (NGOs, State Fishery Departments, Disaster Management Authorities, etc.) so that they too will be able to further disseminate these ocean information and alerts to the user community.
  • This Sagar Vani is considering as the most advanced countries services in terms of speed of delivery, omni channel capabilities and diverseness of services. With this system, the services will be disseminated in local languages using advanced artificial intelligence and machine learning capabilities
  • The Sagar Vani will now serve the coastal community, especially the fishermen community with the advisories and alerts towards their livelihood as well as their safety at Sea.

India Quake

  • India Quake Mobile App has been developed by the National Centre for Seismology (NCS) for automatic dissemination of earthquake parameter (location, time and magnitude) after the occurrence of earthquakes
  • To overcome the delay in dissemination of the information during earthquakes.
  • The App will make information dissemination faster with no restrictions on the number of recipients. Any citizen can download this App and get the real time earthquake location information on his/her mobile.
  • It will also helps in reducing panic amongst people during an earthquake. For example, if an earthquake occurs in Hindukush region, Afghanistan and is strongly felt in Delhi, then people in Delhi will know in less than 2 minutes that the earthquake has actually occurred in Afghanistan and not in Delhi.