Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - July 31, 2018

Defence

The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) approved the implementation of Strategic Partnership guidelines To boost private sector participation in defence equipment manufacturing

WHAT

  • In a major step towards boosting private sector participation in domestic defence manufacturing, the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) approved the implementation of Strategic Partnership guidelines

Enlighten about strategic partnership

  • SP model aims to revitalise defence industrial ecosystem and progressively build indigenous capabilities in the private sector to design, develop and manufacture complex weapon system for future needs of armed forces.
  • The amplifying guidelines lay emphasis on incentivisation of transfer of niche technology and higher indigenous content
  • The SP model has four segments — submarines, single engine fighter aircraft, helicopters and armoured carriers/main battle tanks — which would be specifically opened up for the private sector.
  • Under this policy one Indian private company would be selected in each segment which would tie-up with shortlisted global equipment manufacturers to manufacture the platforms in India under technology transfer.
  • The ambitious policy came into effect in May last year but progress was delayed due to the lack of specific guidelines.
  • The DAC also approved platform specific guidelines for procurement of Naval Utility helicopters.
  • The Ministry stated that all procurements under the SP model would be executed by specially constituted Empowered Project Committees to “provide focussed attention and ensure timely execution.
  • In another decision, the DAC gave approval for the acquisition of eight Fast Patrol Vessels (FPV) for the Coast Guard at an approximate cost of ₹800 crore.

Committee

Committee to address issues of Stressed Thermal Power Projects

WHAT

  • Union Government has constituted High Level Empowered Committee headed by Cabinet Secretary to address issues of Stressed Thermal Power Projects.

Enlighten about the committee

  • It has representatives from Ministry of Railways, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Power Ministry of Coal and lenders having major exposure to the power sector
  • The Committee will look into various issues with view to stressed assets of non-performing assets in thermal power and maximise efficiency of investment including changes required to be made in fuel allocation policy regulatory framework, mechanisms to facilitate sale of power, ensure time payments, payment security mechanism.
  • It will also consider if changes are required in provisioning norms, Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), asset restructuring company (ARC) regulations and any other measures propose for revival of stressed assets to avoid investments from turning bad.

Enlighten about the history

  • Department of Financial Services under Ministry of Finance in its report has suggested setting up empowered panel, besides giving operating thermal power plants not facing insolvency action 6 months more months to resolve issues.
  • The report came after Allahabad High Court in June 2018 had ordered that no action will be taken against power producers till they are heard.
  • The power generation companies had challenged Reserve Bank of India’s (RB February 2018 circular that laid down stricter timelines for initiating insolvency proceedings.
  • It also mandated that banks classify even one-day delay in debt servicing as default.

Government Schemes

Mission Satyanishtha

Under the Ministry of

  • Indian Railways had organised a programme on Ethics Public Governance

Enlighten about the Mission

  • Mission Satyanishtha The issue of ethics, integrity and probity in public life has been matter of concern all over government sector across the country.
  • It also extremely important that all railway servants adhere to impeccable conduct and integrity at all times.
  • It aims at sensitizing all railway employees about need to adhere to good ethics and to maintain high standards of integrity at work
  • Under it, talks and lectures on subject were organised all over Indian Railway for this purpose.

Objective

  • To train every employee to understand need and value of ethics personal and public life.
  • To deal with ethical dilemmas in life and public governance.
  • To help understand policies of Indian Railways on ethics and integrity an employee’s role in upholding same.
  • To develop inner governance through tapping inner resources

Health Sector

National Viral Hepatitis Control Programme under National Health Mission

Implementing Ministry

  • Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

What

  • Promoting diagnosis and providing treatment support for patients o hepatitis B and C through standardized testing and management protocol; with focus on treatment of hepatitis B and C.

Why

  • National Viral Hepatitis Control Programme to control viral hepatitis C on the occasion of World Hepatitis Day (July 28).

Enlighten about the programme

  • It aims to combat viral hepatitis and reduce mortality and morbidity associated with it.
  • It aims at both prevention and treatment of hepatitis which among leading causes of liver cancer, cirrhosis of liver and acute liver failure.
  • The aims to treat minimum of 3 lakh hepatitis C cases over a period of three yea for eliminating deadly condition by 2030.
  • In this programme expensive antiviral for hepatitis B and C infections will be made available free of cost at a government hospitals.
  • It will set up and upgrade facilities for diagnosis and treatment primarily of hepatitis B and C.

Defence

V-46-6 and V92S2 – indigenously developed multi fuel engine

What

  • Two types of indigenously built high-power multi-fuel engines V-46-6 and V92S2 were handed over to India Army for first time under Make in India.
  • These engine were manufactured by Engine Factory Avadi (EFA), a unit of Ordnance Factory Board (OFB).

Enlighten about the engine

  • These engines are based on Russian design.
  • V92S2 is high power diesel engine with 1000 HP capacity and it is fitted in T-90 Battle Tank (Bhisma Tank).
  • V46- is also high power diesel engines with 780 HP and it is fitted in T-72 Ma Battle Tank (Ajeya Tank).
  • They are manufactured with 100% Made in Ind parts.

State Specific

National Register of Citizens (NRC) – process completed Over 40 lakh left out of draft NRC in Assam

  • The National Register of Citizens, or NRC, is the list of Indian citizens in Assam.
  • It is being updated to weed out illegal immigration from Bangladesh and neighbouring regions

WHAT

  • Assam released the final draft of the National Register of Citizens (NRC), seven months after it released the first draft on 1 January 2018, which included 1.9 crore names out of a total applicant pool of 3.29 crore.
  • Monday’s list however, left our 40.07 lakh people wherein 2.89 crore people were found eligible out of 3.29 crore applicants.

©Enlighten about NRC

  • The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is the list of Indian citizens of Assam.
  • It was prepared in 1951, following the census of 1951. For a person’s name to be included in the updated NRC list of 2018, he/ she will have to furnish:
  • Existence of name in the legacy data: The legacy data is the collective list of the NRC data of 1951 and the electoral rolls up to midnight of 24 March 1971.
  • Proving linkage with the person whose name appears in the legacy data.

How did NRC verification begin in Assam

  • The process of NRC update was taken up in Assam as per a Supreme Court order in 2013.
  • In order to wean out cases of illegal migration from Bangladesh and other adjoining areas, NRC updation was carried out under The Citizenship Act, 1955, and according to rules framed in the Assam Accord.

How is verification carried out

  • The updating process started in May 2015 and ended on 31 August 2015. A total of 3.29 crore people applied through 68.31 lakh applications.
  • The process of verification involved house-to-house field verification, determination of authenticity of documents, family tree investigations in order to rule out bogus claims of parenthood and linkages and separate hearings for married women.

Who all have been left out

  • Out of the 40.07 lakh applicants who have been left out of the final draft NRC released, on Monday, 2.48 lakh applicants have been kept on hold including the D-Voters (doubtful voters who have been disenfranchised on account of failure to prove citizenship), descendants of D-voters and persons whose cases are pending before the foreigners tribunal.
  • The state however, has not revealed the reason for keeping others on hold.

What next

  • The process of filing claims and objections will start on 30 August, during which people whose names have been left out of the NRC Assam, can once again appeal to have their case reconsidered.
  • Those left out are not yet being labelled as “foreigners” or being sent to detention centres. However, only those applicants who had submitted their applications in 2015 will be consideredll by Summit exclusively

Ministry of Human Resource Development

Government launches Swachh Bharat Internship to promote involvement of students in rural cleanliness

What

  • Government of India launched a “Swachh Bharat Summer Internship- 100 hours of Swachhta” programme for the students of Universities and Higher Education Institutions.

OBJECTIVE

  • The students are to devote approximately 100 hours conducting Swachhta- related activitiesin villages selected by them and approved by their parent institution.
  • The participants are to conduct (i) Information- Education- Communication activities for increasing awareness of village people about sanitation and hygiene and (ii) Solid Waste Management related activities in villages.

Enlighten about the initiative

  • All the participants of the Internship programme will be given a Swachh Bharat Summer Internship Certificate on completion of their internship and its approval by their parent institution.

Sources – PIB , The Hindu , livemint