Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - July 4, 2018

NITI Aayog

India’s First Global Mobility Summit

  • NITI Aayog, in collaboration with various ministries and industry partners, is organising ‘MOVE: Global Mobility Summit
  • Topic - The world’s transition to renewable energy and electric vehicles.

Enlighten about MOVE: Global Mobility Summit

  • This Summit will help drive Government’s goals for vehicle electrification, renewable energy integration and job growth and also speed up India’s transition to a clean energy economy.
  • It will be the first Global Mobility Summit of its kind, with over 1,200 expected participants from across the world including Government leadership, Industry leaders, Research Organizations, Academia ,Think Tanks and Civil Society Organisations.
  • MOVE Summit aims to bring together and engage with key stakeholders within the rapidly transforming global mobility landscape and to evolve a public interest framework for a shared, connected, zero emission and inclusive mobility agenda for the future.
  • The Summit will constitute three designated components – The Conclave, the Expo and the Featured Events.
  • The Summit has been organised along key ‘tracks’ to anchor debate and deliberations on towards preparing a collective mobility agenda. The six tracks or themes for the Summit will focus on:

- Asset Utilization and Services;
- Comprehensive Electrification ;
- Alternative Energy;
- Reinventing Public Transit
- Logistics and Goods Transport;
- Data Analytics and Mobility.

  • ‘MOVE’ will help catalyse the transition by laying down a futuristic road map”.
  • The Conclave would include panel discussions featuring global CEOs and transport ministers from across the world.
  • It will also see participation from countries like Netherlands, Slovakia, USA, UK, Netherlands, China, South Korea, Australia etc.
  • ‘MOVEMENTUM’, the Expo will feature exciting future technologies and cutting edge innovations which will shape the mobility paradigm, showcasing India’s push towards transformative mobility solutions.

Election Commission

Mobile App “cVIGIL” To enable citizens to report on violation of election code of conduct

  • The election commission of India has launched a mobile app, called ‘Cvigil,’ on July 3, 2018, for citizens to report any violation of the model code of conduct during elections.

Enlighten about e – VIGIL

  • “cVIGIL" is a user-friendly and easy to operate Android application.
  • It will be operational only where elections are announced.
  • The application will be made available for general use by all, right from the forthcoming Assembly elections in the States of Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram and Rajasthan.
  • The practical use of the app during the four-state Assembly polls will also serve as a pilot initiative before it is put to extensive use during the next Lok Sabha General Elections.
  • “cVIGIL” will allow anyone in the election-bound state to report violations of Model Code of Conduct (MCC) that comes into effect from the date of announcement of elections and goes on till a day after the polls.
  • By using this app, citizens can immediately report on incidents of misconduct within minutes of having witnessed them and without having to rush to the office of the returning officer to lodge a complaint.

Mechanism to prevent misuse

  • The app has inbuilt features to prevent its misuse.
  • It will receive complaints only about Model Code of Conduct violations. The user will get 5 minutes to report an incident after having clicked a picture or a video.
  • To prevent any misuse, the app will not allow uploading of the pre-recorded or old images and videos.
  • The app will not facilitate saving of the photos or videos recorded using the ‘cVIGIL' app into the phone gallery either.
  • Further, the application will be active only in States where elections have been announced. The moment a citizen exits an election-bound State, the app will become inactive.

Ministry of Micro,Small & Medium Enterprises

KVIC launches e-marketing system

  • The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) today launched its, in-house developed, single-umbrella e-marketing system named Khadi Institution Management and Information System (KIMIS)
  • The system can be accessed from anywhere in the country for the sale and purchase of Khadi and Village Industries products.
  • It is an in-house single umbrella billing software for sale and purchase that could be monitored, round-the-clock, from any part of India.
  • KVIC IT team has developed a foolproof software, which may have cost millions of rupees if purchased from a third party.
  • This software will give real-time data of sales and will also give the updated status of stocks of khadi bhawans and godowns, allowing better planning and control of inventory of the KVIC.

Science & Tech

ISRO’s Astrosat captures image of galaxy cluster 800 million light years away

  • Named Abell 2256, the galaxy cluster is made of three separate clusters of galaxies.
  • The three merging clusters contain more than 500 galaxies
  • The cluster is almost 100 times larger and more than 1,500 times massive as our own galaxy

Astrosat (multi-wavelength space observatory)

  • Astrosat India’s first dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory, has captured an image of a special galaxy cluster that is more than 800 million light years away from Earth.

Enlighten about Named Abell 2256

  • The galaxy cluster is made of three separate clusters of galaxies that are all merging with one another to eventually form a single massive cluster in the future.
  • The three merging clusters contain more than 500 galaxies and the cluster is almost 100 times larger and more than 1,500 times massive as our own galaxy.
  • ISRO says the merger of this extremely well studied galaxy cluster has produced a rich diversity of structures that have been imaged in radio wavelengths by every radio telescope in the world.
  • While the cluster contains galaxies spread over a large area, astronomers zoomed in on six of these galaxies to capture ultraviolet images.
  • Astronomers used Ultra Violet Imaging Telescope (UVIT), one of the five instruments onboard Astrosat, launched in September 2015, to capture images of these galaxies.
  • Astronomers explain that galaxy clusters are places where many spiral galaxies transform slowly into lenticular and elliptical galaxies.
  • Spiral galaxies, like our own Milky Way, are bluer in colour and are forming stars constantly.
  • Elliptical and lenticular galaxies, however, are redder and have mainly old stars in them.
  • Abell 2256 is one such galaxy cluster where astronomers believe many galaxies are going through this metamorphosis.
  • Astronomers watched Abell 2256 for five hours using the UVIT to image these star-forming spiral galaxies, using the ultraviolet light emitted by their hot young stars.
  • They also hope to understand how these galaxies will transform into lenticular and elliptical galaxies in the future
  • Earlier, Astrosat captured images of individual galaxies, two galaxies merging with each other, and even a lone galaxy falling into a cluster of other galaxies.

International Agreements

The 5th Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)

  • The intersessional ministerial meeting was held in Tokyo, Japan.
  • It was co-chaired b Singapore’s Minister of Trade and Industry Chan Chu Sing and his Japanese counterpart Hiroshige Seko.

Enlighten about the meeting highlights

  • Discussions on issues such as trade, service, investment and rules at the meeting.
  • They recognized importance of early conclusion of RCEP negotiation consistent.
  • To work together and achieve agreement that will allow economies of different levels of development actively participate in and benefit from open and inclusive regional economic integration.

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)

  • RCEP is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) between the 10-ASEAN countries (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippine Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam) and its six FTA partners (Australia, Ne Zealand, India, China, Japan and Korea).
  • Its negotiations were formally launched at 2012 ASEAN Summit in Cambodi
  • .RCEP is viewed as an alternative to the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), a proposed trade agreement that include several Asian and American nations but excludes China and India

State Specific

Annapurna Milk Scheme

  • The Rajasthan government’s new flagship Annapurna Milk Scheme for supplying milk thrice in a week to about 62 lakh children studying in the State-run schools
  • Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje launched the scheme

Enlighten about Annapurna Milk Scheme

  • Through the Annapura Scheme every child in the government schools will get fresh, pure and nutritious warm milk three days a week.
  • This will improve nutritional levels among children and help increase enrolments
  • The women’s milk producers’ cooperative societies would be entrusted with the task of supplying milk to schools.
  • Students till Class V will get 150 ml of warm milk thrice a week, while those studying in Classes VI to VIII will get 200 ml.
  • Teachers of government schools will be involved in the purchase of milk from the milk cooperative societies and distribution to the students.

Cabinet Decisions

Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Kishore Airport, Agartala

  • Cabinet approves renaming of Agartala Airport, Tripura as Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Kishore Airport, Agartala

Enlighten about Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Kishore.

  • Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Kishore, who ascended the throne of the erstwhile Tripura Princely State in 1923, was an enlightened and benevolent ruler.
  • Agartala Airport was constructed in 1942 on the land donated by Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Kishore.
  • As a visionary ruler, who had travelled extensively across the globe, he took several steps for the all-round development of Tripura.
  • Due to his initiative, an aerodrome at Agartala was constructed that has evolved as the second busiest airport in the North East and provides crucial air connectivity to Tripura.
  • Hence, it is apt to rename the Agartala Airport after his name, which will be a befitting tribute to Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Kishore.

Sources – PIB, The Hindu, ToI