Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - July 6, 2018

Department of Space

Crew Escape System – tested successfully by ISRO

  • ISRO carried out tests to qualify a Crew Escape System, which is a critical technology relevant for human spaceflight.
  • The Crew Escape System is an emergency escape measure designed to quickly pull the crew module along with the astronauts to a safe distance from the launch vehicle in the event of a launch abort.
  • The first test (Pad Abort Test) demonstrated the safe recovery of the crew module in case of any exigency at the launch pad.
  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) inched a small step closer to its ambition of sending Indians to space by conducting the first ‘pad abort’ test

Enlighten about the test process

  • A 1,260-kg crew module lifted off propelled by seven complex rockets built unconventionally around it. In a pre-programmed, automatic sequence, it reached a height of 2.7 km and curved down into the Bay of Bengal on parachutes.
  • It landed in the sea at a distance of 2.9 km from the launch centre.
  • The module was retrieved later by three boats. A five-hour countdown preceded the test.

Enlighten about The Pad Abort Test [PAT]

  • It demonstrated the safe recovery of the crew module in case of any exigency at the launch pad
  • It described PAT as a major technology demonstrator and the first in a series of tests to qualify a larger Crew Escape System of the future.
  • The U.S., Russia and China which have sent human missions have developed their own systems.
  • the escape mechanism activated when it sensed something wrong in the health of the mission or module.
  • The rockets powered by fast-acting solid fuels quickly eject the crew and the module.
  • Each of the seven motors that powered the crew module had a different role and worked in sequence — at low altitude, high altitude, for pitching the module away.

Report

The Law Commission of India report on gambling Headed by former Supreme Court judge B.S. Chauhan

  • The Law Commission of India submitted a report to the government, saying that since it is impossible to stop illegal gambling, the only viable option left is to “regulate” gambling in sports.
  • The Commission, headed by former Supreme Court judge B.S. Chauhan, recommended “cashless” gambling in sports as a means to increase revenue and deal a blow to unlawful gambling.
  • The money generated can be used for public welfare measures.
  • For that, the revenue from gambling should be taxable under laws such as the Income Tax Act and the Goods and Services Tax Act.
  • Transactions between gamblers and operators should be linked to their Aadhaar and PAN cards so that the government could keep an eye on them

Proper gambling v/s small gambling

  • The Commission recommended a classification of ‘proper gambling’ and ‘small gambling.
  • Proper gambling would be for the rich who play for high stakes, while small gambling would be for the low-income groups.
  • The panel wanted the government to introduce a cap on the number of gambling transactions for each individual
  • The Commission said regulations should protect vulnerable groups, minors and those below the poverty line

Against the report

  • The Law Commission’s report was not “comprehensive.
  • A country as poor as India should not allow ‘legalised gambling.’
  • Some panel members criticised the Commission for exceeding the brief given to it by the Supreme Court in 2016.
  • The court had asked the Commission to look into the narrow question of legalising betting in cricket, and not sports as a whole.
  • The reference had come in its judgment in the BCCI case involving illegal betting in IPL cricket matches.

Social Issues

Bru Community

WHAT

  • More than 30,000 people belonging to the Bru community, who fled from Mizoram to Tripura in 1997 in the wake of inter-community violence, will be given voting rights
  • Mizoram goes to polls this year and the Election Commission has asked the State to revise its rolls and include the members of the internally-displaced community.

The recent tripartite agreement

  • As many as 32,876 people of the Reang tribe (known in Mizoram as Brus) are set to be repatriated to Mizoram after a tripartite agreement was signed between the Centre, Tripura and Mizoram.
  • The identification of migrants was done by the Mizoram government in 2014 based on the electoral rolls.
  • Earlier, six repatriation plans had been finalised and 8,573 people returned to Mizoram.

Enlighten about Bru/Reang

  • They are one of the 21 scheduled tribes of the Indian state of Tripura.
  • The Bru can be found all over the Tripura state in India.
  • However, they may also be found in Mizoram, Assam, Manipur and Bangladesh.
  • They speak the Reang dialect of Kokborok language which is of Tibeto-Burmese origin and is locally referred to as Kau Bru.

Cabinet Decisions

The DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2018 Cleared by the Cabinet Will help in forensic investigation

  • The Cabinet has cleared a Bill that allows law enforcement agencies to collect DNA samples, create “DNA profiles” and special databanks for forensic-criminal investigations.
  • The DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2018, is the latest version of a Bill that originated as a DNA “profiling” Bill, framed by the Department of Biotechnology.

Enlighten about the aim of the draft

  • The aim of that draft legislation was to set in place an institutional mechanism to collect and deploy DNA technologies to identify persons based on samples collected from crime scenes or for identifying missing persons.
  • However there was opposition, in that some activists argued that the manner in which DNA information was to be collected and the way they were to be stored by forensic laboratories constituted a violation of privacy.
  • Several clauses of the Bill were tightened to make it stronger and immune to data abuse.
  • The databanks can only store information related to criminal investigations and the DNA details of suspects will be deleted
  • The Bill creates a DNA Profiling Board that would be the final authority that would authorise the creation of State-level DNA databanks, approve the methods of collection and analysis of DNA-technologies.

National Register of Citizens (NRC)

NRC: 1.5 lakh names to be omitted(follow up of previous articles) Second and final draft to be published on July 30

  • About 1.5 lakh people, whose names figured in the first draft of National Register of Citizens (NRC) published on December 31 last year, would not be included in the second and final draft scheduled to be published on July 30
  • The second draft was to have been published on June 30. But the Supreme Court, which is monitoring the NRC updating exercise, extended it by a month because of floods that affected work in three southern Assam districts.

Reforms

Nation Commission for Safai Karmacharis (NCSK)

  • Creation of one post each of Vice-Chairperson and Member in the Nation Commission for Safai Karmacharis (NCSK) approved by the Cabinet
  • It will optimize the functioning of NCSK and fulfil the desired objectives of welfare and development of target group.
  • Earlier NCSK has the strength of four members and a chairperson.
  • After this sanction the strength of NCSK will be one Chairperson, one Vice-Chairperson and five members.

Enlighten about National Commission for Safai Karamcharis (NCSK)

  • It is statutory body established under National Commission for Saf Karamcharis Act, 1993.
  • It was established in 1994 to deal with the grievance of persons engaged in manual scavenging.
  • It aims to promote and safeguard interests and rights of Safai Karamcharis and Manual Sacavengers and work for welfare of both.
  • It is mandated to work towards elimination of inequalities in status facilities and opportunities for Safai Karamcharis.
  • It has important role to ensure rehabilitation of all identified manual scavengers
  • Working for welfare of both Safai Karamcharis and Manual Sacavengers

Environment protection

ICAT releases First BS-VI engine certificate

WHAT

  • ICAT has completed the first BS-VI certification for a heavy duty engine model for M/s Volvo Eicher Commercial Vehicle Limited.
  • The engine has been developed and manufactured indigenously by Volvo Eicher in India.
  • The successful completion of the compliance test of the engine, much ahead of the implementation date of 1 April, 2020, gives sufficient time for product stabilization in terms of making it more robust and cost competitive for the end consumers.

BS IV to BS VI

  • The pro-active approach from the Government of India has made the country leapfrog from the conventional BS-IV to directly adopt BS-VI emission norms as the next level for regulatory framework in India.

Enlighten about The International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT)

  • It is a division of NATRiP implementation society (NATIS), under the administrative control of Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises, Government of India.
  • ICAT is the first of new world class centers established under the National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project (NATRiP) with the main objective of carrying out Research & Development besides extending homologation facilities in the field of Automotive Engineering.
  • ICAT is one of the prime testing agencies recognized by the Government of India as one of the accredited 'Type Approval and Homologation' agencies in India under Central Motor Vehicle Rules (CMVR) and has also been recognized as Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (SIRO) by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), since Feb 2010, by BIS for Tyre Testing, Safety Glasses and by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) for emission and noise testing of generator sets.
  • ICAT has emerged as a comprehensive technical partner of the automotive industry

Sources – The Hindu , PIB , Livemint