Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - June 15, 2018

NITI Aayog

Composite Water Management Index Launched by NITI Aayog

  • NITI Aayog has come up with the Composite Water Management Index as a useful tool to assess and improve the performance in efficient management of water resources.
  • This index is an attempt to inspire States and UTs towards efficient and optimal utilization of water, and recycling thereof with a sense of urgency.
  • In view of limitations on availability of water resources and rising demand for water, sustainable management of water resources has acquired critical importance.
  • The index can be utilised to formulate and implement suitable strategies for better management of water resources.
  • It has been finalized after an elaborate exercise including seeking feedback from the States and consultation with reputed experts.
  • The index would provide useful information for the States and also for the concerned Central Ministries/Departments enabling them to formulate and implement suitable strategies for better management of water resources.

India is facing its worst water crisis: NITI Aayog

  • The NITI Aayog has released the results of a study warning that India is facing its “worst” water crisis in history and that the demand for potable water will outstrip supply by 2030, if steps are not taken.
  • Twenty-one cities, including Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Hyderabad, will run out of groundwater by 2020, affecting 100 million people
  • If matters are to continue, there will be a 6% loss in the country’s Gross Domestic Product by 2050
  • Moreover, critical groundwater resources, which accounted for 40% of the water supply, are being depleted at “unsustainable” rates and up to 70% of the supply is “contaminated,”

Ranking of states

  • The observations are part of a study that ranked 24 States on how well they managed their water.

Non-Himalayan States’ category -

  • Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh took the top three spots, and Jharkhand, Bihar and Haryana came in last in the ‘Non-Himalayan States’ category.

North-Eastern and Himalayan stses

Enlighten about the benefits

  • Himachal Pradesh — which is facing one of its worst water crises this year — led a separate eight-member list of States clubbed together as ‘North-Eastern and Himalayan.’
  • These two categories were made to account for different hydrological conditions across the two groups.
  • About 60% of the States were marked as “low performers
  • Many of the States that performed badly — Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Chhattisgarh — accounted for 20-30% of India’s agricultural output.

Renewable Energy

Solar Charkha Mission

Implementing Ministry

  • Ministry of Micro Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME),
  • Going be launched by the President, Ram Nath Kovind on June 27, 2018 in New Delhi.

Enlighten about the Mission

  • The Mission will cover 50 clusters and every cluster will employ 400 to 2000 artisans.
  • The Mission has been approved by the Government of India and will disburse subsidy of Rs. 550 crore to the artisans.
  • 15 new state-of-the-art technology centers are being set up all over the country including North-East, of which 10 centers will become operational by March 2019.
  • The 10 centers which will become operational soon are located in Durg (Chhattisgarh), Bhiwadi (Rajasthan), Rohtak (Haryana), Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh), Bengaluru (Karnataka), Sitarganj (Uttarakhand), Baddi (Himachal Pradesh), Bhopal (M.P.), Kanpur (U.P.) and Puducherry.

Steps taken for ease of doing business

  • Ministry has promoted Ease-of-Doing-Business with the setting up of 4 portals: ‘MSME Sambandh’, MSME Samadhaan, Udyog Aadhaar and Udyam Sakhi.

Ministry of Railway

Utsonmobile' app developed by CRIS

  • Continuing towards digitalization and moving towards becoming a cashless economy, the initiative of faster and more techno-advanced transactions in Indian Railways is being taken up, the Centre for Railway Information System (CRIS) has developed a mobile based application ‘utsonmobile'.
  • The ‘utsonmobile’ application enables booking and cancellation of unreserved tickets, issue and renewal of season and platform tickets, check and load R-wallet balance and helps maintain user profile management and booking history.

Health and Family Welfare

Global Alliance to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis(GAELF) Releases Accelerated Plan for Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) 2018 for India

  • Shri J P Nadda, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare inaugurated the 10th meeting of Global Alliance to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GAELF)
  • India as a Global leader is committed to eliminating Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) transmission and disease burden
  • The Union Health Minister also released the Accelerated Plan for Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) 2018 for India.

Steps taken by the government to eliminate LF

  • 100 districts out of total 256 endemic districts have achieved elimination target and stopped Mass Drug Administration after successful validation by Transmission Assessment Survey (TAS) and are under post MDA surveillance

Strategy to eliminate LR

  • The strategy to eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis in India is based on twin pillars of Mass Drug Administration (MDA) once in a year for interruption of transmission i.e no new case and to cater to the patients already afflicted with the disease with morbidity management.

Enlighten about Lymphatic Filariasis (LF)

  • Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) or commonly known as Elephantiasis is one of the oldest and most debilitating neglected disease, which is currently endemic in 73 countries of the world, including India.
  • LF disease is caused mainly by Wuchereria Bancrofti and spread by Culex mosquito.
  • This mosquito grows in dirty accumulated water.
  • The disease affects the poorest population in society, particularly those living in areas with poor water, sanitation and hygiene.
  • LF does not kill the affected people, but may cause permanent disfigurement, reduced productivity and social stigma.

Enlighten about GAELF

  • GAELF is an alliance of partners from 72 LF endemic national country programmes, NGOs, private sectors, academic and research institutes and international development agencies that assists WHO's Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis and was formed in year.
  • Since then the meeting are held biennially.
  • The second meeting was held in 2002 in Delhi and India is again hosting the 10th meeting which recognizes that India has highest burden of Lymphatic Filariasis and there is need of taking leadership role to Eliminate lymphatic filariasis.

Water Resource Ministry

Water Productivity Mapping of Major Indian Crops Released by NABARD

  • Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Shipping, Road Transport & Highways Shri Nitin Gadkari released a book ‘Water productivity mapping of major Indian crops’ published by NABARD
  • Innovative ways for better management of water resources.
  • Proposal for three projects at Tutikorin, Paradip and Kandla are under consideration where sea water can be desalinised and used for irrigation and other works.

Enlighten about the book

  • The book ‘Water productivity mapping of major Indian crops’ is based on study of 10 important crops
  • The ten important crops include rice, wheat, maize, pulses, oilseeds, sugarcane, cotton and potato etc.
  • The book suggests to realign cropping pattern keeping in view water scarcity of irrigation, ration irrigation supplies in canal irrigation system, improve micro-irrigation and invest in water harvesting and artificial recharge and encourage participatory irrigation management through water user association and farmer’s producer organisation.

Sources – PIB,The Hindu,LiveMint