Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - June 16, 2018

National

Couples in live-in relations cannot adopt, says CARA

Enlighten about the guidelines

  • The nodal body for adoption in the country has barred partners in live-in relationships from adopting a child on the ground that cohabitation without marriage is not considered a stable family in India.
  • The Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) permits a single woman to adopt a child of any gender, while single men can adopt only boys.
  • In case an applicant is married, both spouses must give their consent for adoption and should be in a stable marriage for at least two years.
  • Candidates must be physically fit, financially sound, mentally alert and highly motivated to adopt a child, as per the Adoption Regulations 2017.
  • It has been decided that the cases of single PAP (prospective adopting parent) in a live-in relationship with a partner will not be considered eligible to adopt a child and their registration through the AFAAs (authorised foreign adoption agencies) will not be considered for approval

Supreme Court Verdict regarding live-in relationship

  • The Supreme Court has on several occasions said that a live-in relationship is neither a crime or a sin.
  • Last month, the Supreme Court had said that adult couples have the right to live together even if they were not married.
  • It said that even the legislature recognised live-in relationships through the provisions under the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005.
  • Under the Act, women in a live-in relationship have been accorded protection as it allows females living with a male person in a relationship in the nature of marriage to file a complaint of domestic violence.

Enlighten about CARA

  • Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) has been set up as an autonomous body of the Ministry of Women and Child Development which functions as a nodal body for adoption of Indian children and is mandated to monitor and regulate in-country and inter-country adoption.
  • CARA is designated as the Central Authority to deal with inter-country adoptions in accordance with the provisions of the Hague Conventions on Inter-Country Adoptions, 1993, ratified by Government of India in 2003.

Prize/Awards

23rd Nikkei Asia Prize (Culture and Community’ category)

  • Renowned social activist and founder of Sulabh International, Dr Bindeshwar Pathak
  • Honoured with the Japan’s prestigious Nikkei Asia Prize for his contribution to Asia’s development.
  • For his significant work in tackling poor hygiene and discrimination.

Enlighten about Nikkei Asia Prize

  • Nikkei Inc. is one of largest media corporations in Japan.
  • It has been presenting Nikkei Asia Prize since 1996 to honour people in Asia who have made significant contributions in one of three areas: Economic and Business Innovation, Science, Technology and Environment and Culture and Community.
  • Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Infosys Chairman Narayan Murti are among few Indians who have won this prize in the past.

Enlighten about Dr Bindeshwar Pathak

  • He had founded Sulabh International in 1970.
  • It is an NGO that works to promote human rights, environmental sanitation among other social services.
  • It has built two-pit pour-flush ecological compost toilets (Sulabh toilets) which are low-cost environment-friendly toilet throughout India, contributing to better sanitation, safety for rural women and freedom from manual labour of removing human waste.
  • He also had invented technology for producing biogas from human waste to be used for cooking or lamp fuel in 1977.
  • Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak awarded Padma Bhushan in 1991, and the Stockholm Water Prize in 2009. Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Prize , Nikkei Asia prize 2018 as he has contributed immensely in the direction of getting rid of the practice of manual scavenging.
  • The Mayor of New York had declared April 14, 2016 as the ‘Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak International Day’ keeping in mind this contribution made by Dr. Pathak.

National

Inauguration of country’s 10th Smart City Integrated Command and Control Centre (ICCC)

  • Where - at Naya Raipur, Chhattisgarh.
  • Under the ambitious Smart City Mission,
  • ICCC in nine cities are operational in Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Surat, Pune, Nagpur, Rajkot, Visakhapatnam, Bhopal and Kakinada.

Enlighten about the ICCC

  • The ICCC at Naya Raipur will control and monitor online water and power supply, sanitation, traffic movement, integrated building management, city connectivity and Internet infrastructure (data centre), under one roof.
  • It will also undertake monitoring of Naya Raipur city.
  • The centre will be managed through GIS (geographic information system) platform, where residents can register their complaints regarding service dysfunction through helpline numbers.

Enlighten about Naya Raipur

  • Naya Raipur is upcoming capital city of Chhattisgarh and country’s first smart greenfield city.
  • It is one of the three Smart Cities of Chhattisgarh selected under Smart Cities Mission.
  • Other two cities are Raipur and Bilaspur.
  • It is also the first digitally accessible smart city in country which has pioneered in implementing Universal Access IT systems which includes and empowers citizens with disability to access with ease.

Festivals

India to host European Union Film Festival

  • The European Union Film Festival (EUFF) will premiere in New Delhi on 18th June, 2018 at the Siri Fort Auditorium.
  • The European Union Film Festival is organized by Directorate of Film Festivals, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India partnering with the Delegation of the European Union and embassies of EU Member States in various city film clubs.
  • The festival will traverse through 11 cities

Enlighten about the European Union (EU):

  • The EU, which consists of 28 countries, has the world's largest economy and its third largest population, after China and India.
  • Though richly diverse, the countries that make up the EU (its 'Member States') are all committed to the same basic values: peace, democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights.
  • They have set up common institutions so that decisions on matters of joint interest can be made democratically at European level.
  • By creating a frontier-free single market and a single currency (the euro) which has been adopted by 19 Member States, the EU has given a significant boost to trade and employment. It is also at the forefront of policies on sustainability.

Government Schemes

Swajal Scheme Launching of Swajal Scheme in 115 Aspirational districts

Implementing Ministry

  • Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation

Why

  • to provide clean drinking water.

Enlighten about the scheme

  • It will involve outlay of Rs. 700 crores through flexi-funds under existing National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) budget.
  • Swajal Scheme Swajal is community owned drinking water scheme or programme for sustained drinking water supply.
  • Under it, 90% of project cost is taken care by the Government and remaining 10% is contributed by beneficiary community.
  • The operations and management of the project is taken care by the local villagers.
  • Under this scheme, government aims to provide villages with piped water supply powered by harnessing solar energy.
  • Through this scheme hundreds of rural technicians will be for operation and maintenance of Swajal units.

Enlighten about Aspirational districts

  • The Union Government had selected 115 backward (aspirational) districts for rapid transformation by 2022 in line with Government’s vision to create ‘New India’.
  • NITI Aayog had selected these districts on six socio-economic parameters, pertaining to health and nutrition, education, financial inclusion and skill development, agriculture and water resources and basic infrastructure.
  • These 115 backward districts include 35 districts affected by Left Wing Extremists (LWE) violence, 55 districts just affected by LWE and another 15 including districts in Jammu and Kashmir and northeast affected by terrorism.
  • Government has embarked upon major policy initiative for rapid transformation of these 115 districts that are lagging on specific development parameters.
  • For this government will leverage Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs), aided by technology to bring radical transformation of these aspirational districts

NITI Aayog

The Governing Council of NITI Aayog

  • Prime Minister will chair the fourth meeting of the Governing Council of NITI Aayog at Rashtrapati Bhawan on Sunday, 17th June.
  • The day-long meeting will be attended by Union Ministers, Chief Ministers from the States, Lieutenant Governors of Union Territories and senior officials from the Government of India.

Enlighten about the Governing Council

  • The Governing Council of NITI Aayog is the premier body tasked with evolving a shared vision of national development priorities, sectors and strategies with the active involvement of States in shaping the development narrative.
  • The Governing Council reviews the work done during the previous year and deliberates upon the future developmental priorities.
  • The Council is expected to discuss important subjects including measures taken to double farmers’ income; progress of flagship schemes such as the Ayushman Bharat, National Nutrition Mission and Mission Indradhanush; development of aspirational districts; and celebration of the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

Sources – PIB,The Hindu, Indian Express