Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - March 28, 2018

Tribal Affairs

Tribes India e-commerce portal M-commerce app ‘Tribes India’

Implementing Ministry

  • The Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India, (TRIFED), under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs

Enlighten about the portal and APP

  • Launch of e-commerce portal of TRIFED, www.tribesindia.com and M-commerce, android app ‘Tribes India’.
  • TRIFED has developed its own e-commerce (electronic commerce) website i.e., tribesindia.com for sale of all its products
  • The Ministry also launched the Tribes India banner on Snapdeal, Amazon, Paytm and GeM for marketing of Tribal Products through these e-commerce portals.
  • With this, more than 55 thousand tribal artisans connected to TRIFED will get access to local as well as International markets.
  • This will provide a window to National & International markets.
  • TRIBES India has now started marketing tribal handicrafts on e-commerce portals
  • The Minister also lauded TRIFED for organising Aadi Mahotsavas in Delhi, Jaipur, Bhopal, Ranchi, Chandigarh and Guwahati, where almost 20,000 tribal artisans had the opportunity to directly link up with big markets
  • TRIFED has prepared a hand book for its retail trade namely “Aadi Vyapar” to institutionalise the sale and procurement operations
  • TRIFED has started the publication of a quarterly News Magazine “TRIBES HAAT” to provide information to all its stake holders and customers about its activities and to attract them to be partners in the tribal development strategy.

Enlighten about TRIFED

  • The Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED), a multi-State Cooperative Society under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, is promoting and marketing tribal products, tribal art and crafts within the country and abroad by providing marketing support to tribal products through its network of 31 retail outlets “TRIBES INDIA”
  • It also organizes exhibitions like National Tribal Craft Expo called “Aadi Mahotsav” etc. in which it promotes and markets tribal products.
  • It also facilitates the participation of tribal artisans to enable them to interact directly with art lovers to assess the market needs. In the last three years, it has begun providing e-commerce platforms to the tribal artisans to sell their products

Environment

EnvironmentDelhi switched to Bharat Stage-VI (BS-VI) fuels, ahead of the scheduled April 1 launch for the capital.

  • This makes Delhi the first city in the country to run on BS-VI fuels, two years ahead of the 2020 deadline the Centre had set for rolling out cleaner fuels across the country.

Why this step –

  • The decision to jump the deadline for Delhi was taken in November when smoke from burning of crop stubble by farmers in neighbouring states choked the capital.
  • Amid a public outcry over the capital’s poor air quality, oil minister Dharmendra Pradhan stepped in by ordering state-run fuel retailers to supply BS-VI fuels in Delhi from April 1, 2018 and examine introducing these fuels in NCR by April 2019.

Enlighten about BS - VI

  • Oil company executives claimed that BS-VI fuels will have “better” emission than vehicles running on CNG.
  • Auto experts said introducing BS-VI fuels without the vehicles tuned for such fuels will only yield partial benefit since these will be used by vehicles with BS-IV or BSIII engines plying on Delhi’s roads.
  • Currently, only Mercedes sells BS-VI cars, while the certification process is on for other auto manufacturers.
  • BS-IV diesel has 50 ppm (parts per million) sulphur, while BS-VI will have 10 ppm. So, using BS-VI fuel in BS-IV engines will not hurt performance but will also not give the full benefit

Renewable Energy

Solar powered Primary Health Centres - Surat

  • Gujarat’s Surat district has become first in country to have 100% solar powered Primary Health Centers (PHCs).
  • All 52 PHCs in the district are now powered by solar system.
  • Apart from PHCs, there are 572 gram panchayats in district, out of which 150 are solar powered gram panchayats and soon other 422 panchayats will too be solar powered.

INTERNATIONAL Treaties

African Continental Free Trade Area Signed by 44 African countries at a summit of the African Union in Kigali, Rwanda

  • If implemented successfully it will be the biggest trade agreement
  • Nigeria, Africa’s largest economy and most populous country, as well as a host of others did not sign the agreement.

Enlighten about the free trade area

  • African countries agreed to establish a continental free trade area in 2012 and started negotiations in 2015.
  • The draft agreement commits countries to removing tariffs on 90% of goods, with 10% of “sensitive items” to be phased in later.
  • The agreement will also liberalise services and aims to tackle so-called “non-tariff barriers” which hamper trade between African countries, such as long delays at the border.
  • Eventually, free movement of people and even a single currency could become part of the free trade area.
  • Implementation of this will create a single continental market for goods and services, with free movement of business persons and investments, and thus pave the way for accelerating the establishment of the Continental Customs Union and the African customs union.
  • Expand intra African trade through better harmonization and coordination of trade liberalization and facilitation regimes and instruments across RECs and across Africa in general.

.Social Issues

National Conference on Down Syndrome

Organisng Ministry

  • National Trust under Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
  • A book entitled “Twilights Children” based on the lives of person suffering from Down Syndrome was released on the occasion.
  • The conference brought intellectuals from all walks of life on one platform to spur ideas and channelized knowledge on Down Syndrome which was very beneficial to enable a positive change in the people with Down Syndrome.

Enlighten about Down Syndrome

  • It is a chromosomal condition associated with intellectual and learning disabilities.
  • Delayed development and behavioural problems are often reported in children with it.
  • On 19th December 2011, the United Nations General Assembly declared to observe 21st March as World Down Syndrome Day (WDSD) and since then every year, this day is officially observed by UN to create awareness about people with Down Syndrome.

Enlighten about The National Trust

  • The National Trust is a statutory body set up by an Act of Parliament for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities under the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD), Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment.
  • Since, the inception, the National Trust has been running various schemes and programmes for the welfare of these persons with disabilities. Amongst these one of the major activities is creating awareness amongst the general
  • public by organizing various workshops, seminars and conferences on these disabilities and the capabilities of such persons.

Banking System

GPI (Global Payment Innovation) Tracker system) by SWIFT

What

  • SWIFT (Society for World Interbank Financial Telecommunication System) platform has expanded its GPI (Global Payment Innovation) Tracker system

Why

  • To help banks track their global transactions at all times and keep full vigil on payments activity.

Enlighten about the GPI Tracker system

  • w.e.f Nov. 2018
  • GPI Tracker system i.e. unique end-to-end transaction reference will be included in all payment instructions carried between all 11,000 customers on SWIFT at all times, across more than 200 countries and territories.
  • The expansion of GPI Tracker will cover all payment instructions sent across the network and give them full visibility over all their payments activity.
  • It will significantly extend transparency and drive more banks to join service to make GPI the new normal in cross-border payments
  • SWFIT GPI was launched in May 2017 to help banks to track their global transactions at all times, keeping full vigil on payments activity.
  • It covers all payment instructions sent across network, enabling GPI banks to track all their SWIFT payment instructions at all times, and giving them full visibility over all their payments activity.
  • It accounts for 10% of cross border payment traffic on SWIFT network and has enabled more than hundred billion dollars to be transferred across world rapidly and securely every day.

Enlighten about SWIFT

  • It is global financial messaging service that enables financial institutions worldwide to send and receive information about financial transactions in secure, standardized and reliable environment.
  • It is used to transmit messages relating to cross border financial transactions.
  • It was founded in 1973 and is headquartered in La Hulpe, Belgium. It is a cooperative society under Belgian law owned by its member financial institutions with offices around the world. Globally over 11,000 financial institutions in more than 200 countries use services of SWIFT.
  • SWIFT does not facilitate funds transfer, rather, it sends payment orders, that must be settled by correspondent accounts that institutions have with each other.
  • On receiving this message through SWIFT, banks abroad, mostly branches of domestic banks abroad provide funds to the company.

Sources – the hindu, pib, livemint, toi