Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - March 29, 2018

International Organisations

8th 3R Regional Forum in Asia and the Pacific

  • Where – Indore, in the month of April 2018

Organising Ministry

  • The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs the Ministry of the Environment, Government of Japan (MOEJ), and the United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD).
  • Theme - “Achieving Clean Water, Clean Land and Clean Air through 3R and Resource Efficiency- A 21st Century Vision for Asia-Pacific Communities”.
  • Objective is to establish sound material cycle society by adopting resource conservation, techniques and technologies.

Enlighten about the 3R Regional Forum

  • Established in 2009 in Tokyo, Japan.
  • The United Nations Centre for RegionalDevelopment (UNCRD) has been organizing International Regional Forum on 3Rs since 2009 with the support of Government of Japan.
  • It promotes the concept of Reduce, Reuse, Recycle in industry, service and agriculture sector.
  • It provides a s platform for addressing the needs and priorities of 3Rs (reduce, reuse and recycle) in Asian countries

Facts

Cool EMS Service Department of Posts has launched Cool EMS Service between India and Japan.

Enlighten about it

  • Cool EMS service is one-way service from Japan to India which allows customers in India to import Japanese food items for personal use which is allowed under Indian regulations.
  • Initially, Cool EMS Service will be available in Delhi only.

National

Enemy Property (Amendment and Validation) Act 2017 and the Enemy Property (Amendment) Rules

What’s in NEWS

  • The process of sale pf more than 9,400 properties of enemy properties has been initiated by the government
  • The sale of enemy properties is expected to fetch around Rs 1 lakh crore for the government exchequer.

Enlighten about the amended bill

  • The amendment of the Enemy Property (Amendment and Validation) Act 2017 and the Enemy Property (Amendment) Rules, 2018, which ensured that the heirs of those who migrated to Pakistan and China during partition and afterwards will have no claim over the properties left behind in India.

Enlighten about the enemy properties

  • When wars broke out between India and China in 1962, and India and Pakistan in 1965 and 1971, the central government took over properties of citizens of China and Pakistan in India under the Defence of India Acts.
  • These Acts defined an ‘enemy’ as a country that committed an act of aggression against India, and its citizens.
  • The properties included land, buildings, shares held in companies, gold and jewellery of the citizens of enemy countries.
  • The responsibility of the administration of enemy properties was handed over to the Custodian of Enemy Property, an office under the central government

POWER Ministry

Ministry of Power joins hands with Skill India to support electrification scheme ‘Saubhagya’

SAUBHAGYA scheme

  • Government’s mission of bringing electricity to every household and to empower the rural youth, Ministry of Power partnered with the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship to train the manpower in six states for speedy implementation of its SAUBHAGYA scheme.

What’s the NEWS

  • To train the manpower in six states for speedy implementation of its Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojna (Saubhagya)
  • These six states are Assam, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh.
  • SAUBHAGYA (Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojna) aims to achieve universal household electrification in all parts of the country in a time bound manner. Around 4 crore households are expected to get electricity connections under the scheme.

Enlighten about the agreement

  • The government will use Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011 data to identify beneficiaries for free electricity connections.
  • The Rural Electrification Corporation Limited under Ministry of Power is nodal agency for the operationalisation of the scheme throughout the country.
  • For those household where national electricity grid cannot reach, households will be provided with solar power packs along with battery banks.
  • The scheme is undertaken as a special project under the government’s Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY).
  • Around 47,000 Distribution Lineman-Multi Skills and 8,500 Technical Helpers will be trained to meet the requirement of power sector.

Bilateral Relations

Permanent Indus Commission treaty 114th meeting of PIC to discuss various issues under the Indus Waters

Enlighten about PIC

  • This is the 114th meeting of the Permanent Indus Commission (PIC)
  • As per the treaty they should meet at least once a year as per the Indus Waters Treaty (IWT).
  • It is held alternately in India and Pakistan every year.
  • The last PIC meeting was held in March 2017 in Islamabad.
  • PIC is a bilateral commission of officials from India-Pakistan, created to implement and manage goals of Indus Waters Treaty
  • The Indus Commission is the first step for conflict resolution.
  • If an agreement cannot be reached at the Commission level, the dispute is to be referred to the two governments.
  • If the governments too fail to reach an agreement, the Treaty provides an arbitration mechanism.

Enlighten about Indus Water Treaty

  • It is a water-distribution treaty between India and Pakistan, brokered by the World Bank.
  • The treaty was signed in Karachi on September 19, 1960 by Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru and President of Pakistan Ayub Khan.
  • According to this treaty, waters of the three western rivers (the Jhelum, the Chenab, and the Indus itself) were allocated to Pakistan, and those of the three eastern rivers (the Ravi, the Beas, and the Sutlej) were allocated to India.

Sources – PIB,THE HINDU, BS