Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - March 31, 2018

Focus

Google celebrates 45th anniversary of Chipko movement with a doodle

  • In 1973, villagers in Uttar Pradesh’s Chamoli district (now Uttarakhand) took to hugging trees to prevent their felling at the hands of contractors and to protect trees from the deforestation that accompanied rapid industrialisation in the years following independence.
  • The word 'chipko', which means to hug, soon became the name of the eponymous movement, and the catchphrase for environmentalists the world over.
  • The practice of embracing trees, both literally and figuratively, predate the Chipko movement.

Enlighten about the background

  • The Bishnoi community in Rajasthan were the pioneers in protecting forest resources.
  • In the 18th century, a group of people from 84 villages in Rajasthan united under a woman called Amrita Devi, and laid down their lives to protest a royal decree that commanded the felling of trees.
  • Taken aback by the self-sacrifice of his subjects, the Maharaja of Jodhpur went on to rescind his order preventing the felling of trees in all Bishnoi villages.
  • The first Chipko movement in independent India took place in April 1973 in the upper Alakananda valley, where the government of Uttar Pradesh had allotted a plot of land inside forest territory to a manufacturer of sports goods.
  • With aid from a non-governmental oraganisation, DGSS (Dasoli Gram Swarajya Sangh), the women of the village united under Chandi Prasad Bhatt and adopted the strategy of hugging trees to protect them from the men contracted to clear the forest.
  • By putting their bodies on the line, many trees were saved by the heroics of the women who formed human chains around them.
  • Since the leaders and proponents of the Chipko movement were mainly rural women, it came to be identified with eco-feminism.

Sunderlal Bahuguna,

  • Other notable green warriors include Sunderlal Bahuguna, a Gandhian activist and philosopher, who was instrumental in garnering the support of Indira Gandhi, then Prime Minister of India, in enacting a law to ban the felling of trees in ecologically sensitive forest lands.
  • He also coined the Chipko slogan: 'ecology is permanent economy'.

Tourism

India Convention Promotion Bureau (ICPB) To promote India as a venue for International Conferences and Exhibitions.

Under the aegis of

  • the Ministry of Tourism.

What’s the purpose

  • to promote India as a venue for International Conferences and Exhibitions.

Enlighten about ICPB

  • It is a non-profit organization, with members comprising national airlines, hotels, travel agents, tour operators, tourist transport operators, conference organizers, etc.
  • It participates in International Meetings, Incentives, Conventions and Exhibitions

Defence

Indian Coast Guard Ship Bhikhaiji Cama decommissioned

  • Indian Coast Guard Ship Bhikhaiji Cama, the fourth ship in Priyadarshini class of Fast Patrol Vessels, bid adieu after serving the nation for 20 years.
  • The vessel was decommissioned at a traditional ceremony held at Chennai Port
  • The vessel was commissioned into Indian Coast Guard on September 24, 1997
  • The ship has the honour of serving two Coast Guard Regions since commissioning. It was re-based to Andaman and Nicobar region

State Specific

Black chicken Kadaknath a chicken from MP wins GI tag

  • Madhya Pradesh has won the Geographical Indication (GI) tag for
  • Kadaknath - a black-feathered chicken known for its flavourful meat from M.P has won the the GI tag
  • It is found mainly in the tribal district of Jhabua.

Country's first insect museum opens in Tamil Nadu

  • A Rs 5 crore insect museum with the state-of-the-art amenities was unveiled by Tamil Nadu Chief Minister K Palaniswamy
  • Where - Agricultural University Tamil Nadu
  • The museum, established at a 6,691 sqft area, is fully dedicated to insects and claimed to be the first of its in the country.
  • It would display insects preserved as specimens as also live ones depicting their different developmental stages, images, videos and models of their unique behaviour, habits and habitats.

Ministry of Power

Naitwar Mori Hydro Electric Project – foundation stone Tons River (Uttarkashi)

  • The foundation stone of the 60 MW Naitwar Mori Hydro Electric Project (NMHEP)
  • The Proposed Naitwar Mori Hydro Electric Project (NMHEP) is located on the river Tons – a tributary of the Yamuna, in Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand.
  • This run-of-the river project was allocated to SJVN Ltd by the Government of Uttarakhand.
  • SJVN Ltd is a Mini Ratna PSU under administrative control of the Ministry of Power, Govt. of India.
  • The project is scheduled to be completed by December, 2021, in a period of 4 years.

Sources – PIB,THE HINDU,LiveMint, TOI