Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - May 10, 2018

Ministry of Labour & Employment

Major Achievements in Labour Welfare round the year

1. Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017

  • The Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act 2017 has come into force form April 01, 2017 to increase paid maternity leave from 12 weeks to 26 weeks. It also has mandatory provision for crèche in respect of establishments having 50 or more workers and enabling provision for work from home.
  • For the first time, a provision for 12 weeks paid maternity leave has been made for both Commissioning and Adopting mothers. The act has approximately benefited 18 Lakh women employees.

2. Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Amendment Rules, 2017

  • The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016, has been enacted with effect from 01.09.2016.
  • The amendment provides for complete ban on the employment of a child below 14 years and prohibition on employment of adolescent (14-18) in hazardous occupation & profession, as notified in Schedule of Hazardous occupation & profession dated 30.08.2017. Following the amendment, Ministry of Labour & Employment has framed the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Rules, 2017 and notified in the Gazette of India on 02.06.2017. Further, India has now ratified two Core ILO conventions 138 and 182 on child labour
  • For effective implementation of the provisions of the amended Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986, Ministry has prepared Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) to facilitate enforcement of the amended act so that the goal of child labour free India could be realised.

PENCIL

  • An online portal was launched on 26.09.2017 for better monitoring & reporting system to ensure effective implementation of the provisions of the amended Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 and National Child Labour Project (NCLP) Scheme.
  • As on date District Nodal Officers from 431 districts out of 710 districts of the country have registered on the portal.
  • Further all operational Project Societies of NCLP are registered on the portal for better implementation of NCLP scheme aimed at educational rehabilitation of child and adolescent labour.

Major Steps Taken by EPFO

  • Employees Enrolment Campaign(EEC) of EPFO: EEC was launched by the Government in January,2017 to enroll left out employees and provide incentives to employers in the form of waiver of administrative charges, nominal damages @ Rupee 1/- annum and waiver of employees share if not deducted.
  • Universal Account Number (UAN) as on 12.12.2017, allotted to organized sector workers making their EPF Accounts portable, benefiting 12,26,13,675 Workers and Aadhar Seeding completed for 2,56,59,988 UAN Subscribers. Access to online and mobile services (through UMANG app) is also made available.
  • A housing Scheme has been notified by EPFO on 12th April 2017 to allow withdrawal of provident fund by members for housing needs.
  • Multiple Banking System: Instead of only one bank i.e. SBI, the establishments have the option of making directed payments through 13 banks now.
  • They are SBI, Allahabad Bank, Indian Bank, PNB, UBI, Bank of Baroda, ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank, Axis Bank, Kotak Mahindra Bank, Indian Overseas Bank, IDBI Bank.

Online Claim Receipt & other Services

  • Employers can pay their contributions online without any hassle; amount is credited to members’ accounts within 04 days.
  • Online facility launched for change in name, DOB, gender etc.
  • Digital Jeevan Praman Patra introduced for convenience of Pensioners
  • Online Filing of Returns of Exempted Establishments
  • Online Processing of cases through E-Court Management System

Centralized Services

  • All 120 EPFO offices have migrated to the consolidated database at the National Data Centre for seamless interface across the country.

Major Steps Taken by ESIC

Increased workforce under Social Security ne

  • The wage ceiling for coverage of employees under the ESI Act has been enhanced from Rs.15,000/- to Rs.21,000/- w.e.f. 1st January, 2017.

Extending the Coverage

  • To extend the coverage to the entire workforce, ESI Corporation launched a new Employer friendly Scheme named ‘Scheme for Promoting Registration of Employers and Employees (SPREE)’..

Empowerment to IPs & Employers

  • E-biz platform:- ESIC was the first organization of Central government, to integrate its services (Registration of Employers through e-biz portal of Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) to promote ease of business and curb transaction costs.
  • E-Penchan:- A process of establishing the identity of the insured person through his Adhaar number has been set up by seeding his Adhaar number to his insurance number.

The Code on Wages Bill 2017

It rationalizes, amalgamates and simplifies the relevant provisions of the following four labour laws:

  • The Minimum Wages Act, 1948
  • The Payment of Wages Act, 1936
  • The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965, &
  • The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976

The Draft Code on Wages Bill 2017 has been introduced in the Lok Sabha on 10.08.2017

Shram suvidha portal

  • Unified Registration form for EPFO and ESIC has been made operational.
  • Unified Returns (ECR) of EPFO and ESIC has been made operational.

MAJOR STEPS TO FACILITATE EMPLOYMENT GENERATION

  • National Career Service (NCS): National Career Service Project brings employers, trainers and unemployed on single platform.
  • NCS has partnered with Department of Posts to extend registration of job seekers through the Post Offices.
  • To enhance the reach and enrich the employment opportunities available to youth, 22 strategic MOUs have been signed with leading job portals, placement organizations and institutions of repute.
  • Government of India has recently made it mandatory for government vacancies to be posted on the NCS Portal.
  • 25 National Career Service Centres for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (NCSC SC/STs)have been set up for providing vocational guidance and counselling services and also training in computer courses
  • 21 National Career Service Centres for Differently Abled (NCSCDA) have been set up for Handicapped to provide vocational training, vocational guidance and career counselling to assist persons with disabilities in the process of economic rehabilitation.

Model Career Centers

  • The Government has approved establishment of 100 Model Career Centers under NCS project to deliver quality employment services and these centres are being set up in collaboration with States and Institutions.

Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana (PMRPY)

  • Government of India is implementing thePradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojanaa (PMRPY) to incentivize employers for new employment.
  • The scheme launched on 9th August 2016provides that Government of India will pay the Employees Pension Scheme (EPS) contribution of 8.33% for all new employees enrolling in EPFO for the first 03 years of their employment.
  • The scheme is applicable to those having earnings Rs. 15,000/- per month.
  • A budget provision of Rs. 1000/- crore for this scheme has been made. For the textile (garmenting) sector, Government of India is paying the complete 12% employers’ contribution (8.33% EPS +3.67% EPF) for these new employees till November 2017.

Sources – PIB, Ministry of Labour , Govt websites