Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - May 18, 2018

Ministry of Mines

Enlighten about Ministry of Mines

  • Ministry of Mines is responsible for survey and exploration of all minerals, other than natural gases, petroleum and atomic minerals, for mining and metallurgy of non-ferrous metals like aluminium, copper, zinc, lead, gold, nickel, etc. and for administration of the Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Act, 1957 in respect of all mines and minerals other than coal, natural gas and petroleum

Amendments In The Mineral Auction Rules

  • The Mines and Mineral Development and Regulation Act, 1957 was amended in 2015.
  • Auction of concessions for major minerals (other than coal, petroleum and natural gas) was done for the first time in the history of mineral administration in the country.
  • 33 blocks were successfully allocated

Aero-Geophysical Survey

  • The Multi-sensor Aero-geophysical Survey of the Obvious Geological Potential Area was inaugurated

Enlighten about Aero-geophysical Survey

  • With the exhaustion of conventional geological methods for mineral exploration based on surface manifestations in hard rock areas, necessity has arisen for search of concealed mineral deposits based on multi-thematic earth science (geological, geochemical, geophysical and remote sensing) data.
  • The regional multi-sensor aero-geophysical surveys are considered worldwide as an important tool to scan large areas to demarcate favourable geological environments for hidden mineral resources in a short span of time.
  • High quality aero-geophysical data are available over most of the already explored areas of many parts of the world such as Australia, Canada etc. and has resulted in locating many new concealed mineral deposits.

Committee To Review The National Mineral Policy, 2008

  • A committee has been constituted under the Chairmanship of Additional Secretary (Mines) to review the National Mineral Policy, 2008 as directed by the Hon’ble Supreme Court
  • The 29-member panel, under the chairmanship of Mines Additional Secretary K Rajeswara Rao—consisting of joint secretaries from ministries like coal, steel, shipping, road, transport and highways and finance as its members, among others—will submit its report by October-end.

Some recent updates regarding Indian Bureau of Mines

Government approves restructuring of Indian Bureau of Mines

  • The government today approved the restructuring of Indian Bureau of Mines to reform the mineral sector regulation.
  • The restructuring would enable the adoption of IT and space technology by the bureau to improve its effectiveness in mineral regulation and development, the mines ministry said in a statement.
  • It said the Union Cabinet has approved "the restructuring of the Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM) by upgradation, creation and abolition of certain posts of Joint Secretary
  • IBM was set up by the Centre in March 1948 under the Ministry of Works, Mines and Power, primarily as an advisory body to help in formulation of policy and legal framework for the mining sector and advising the Centre and state on development and utilisation of mineral resources.
  • The mines ministry had formed a panel for comprehensive 'Review and Restructuring of the Functions and Role of IBM' in the light of the 'National Mineral Policy' in 2008.

Star Rating Of Mines

  • Ministry of Mines, in its endeavor for taking up exhaustive and universal implementation of the Sustainable Development Framework (SDF) in mining, has evolved a system of Star Rating of Mines.
  • It has been institute as a two tier system providing self-evaluation templates to be filled in by the mine operator followed by validation through Indian Bureau of Mines.
  • Based on the performance of the mining lease, 1 to 5 Star rating, the positive impact of getting higher Star Rating will drive miners to quickly adopt sustainable mining practices.
  • The Star Rating has been included as statutory provision in the MCDR for time- bound (2 years) achieving of minimum 4 stars.
  • A web enabled online system for evaluation of measures has been developed and launched on 18th August, 201

MINING SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM (MSS)

  • Mining Surveillance System (MSS) is a satellite-based monitoring system which aims to establish a regime of responsive mineral administration by curbing instances of illegal mining activity through automatic remote sensing detection technology
  • Ministry of Mines & Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM) have developed the MSS, with assistance from Bhaskaracharya Institute for space applications and Geo-informatics (BISAG), Gandhinagar and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MEITY).
  • The system works on the basic premise that most minerals occur in the continuity and their occurrence is not limited to the lease area but is likely to extend in the vicinity.
  • The MSS checks a region of 500 meters around the existing mining lease boundary to search for any unusual activity which is likely to be illegal mining. Any discrepancy is found is flagged-off as a trigger.
  • A user friendly mobile app for MSS has been created for enabling public participation in assisting the governments endeavor to curb illegal mining, which was being used by the inspecting officials to submit compliance reports of their inspections.
  • The training of all the States for its adoption of the MSS for minor minerals has also been done.

GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA (GSI)

  • GSI has implemented an integrated IT-enablement system - Online Core Business Integrated System (OCBIS) with a goal towards comprehensive data management across Missions and Support systems.
  • OCBIS has been scoped to enhance IT capability of GSI as well as to put GSI into an open standards based IT platform to effectively exchange information with external stakeholders, including Ministry of Mines, national and state level earth science organizations / departments, industry and citizens.

SWACHHA ICONIC CITY

  • NALCO has taken up beautification of Shri Jagannatha Temple, Puri under Swachha iconic city initiative.
  • Renovation and beautification of Gandhi Park taken up at Puri.

Sources – PIB, Ministry of Mines, My Gov