Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - May 19, 2018

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)

Round the year developments

  • India attains global 4th and 6th position in global Wind and Solar Power installed capacity
  • By November 2017, a total of 62 GW Renewable Power installed, of which 27 GW installed since May 2014 and 11.79 GW since January 2017
  • Historic Low Tariffs for Solar (Rs. 2.44/ unit) and Wind (Rs. 2.64/ unit) achieved through transparent bidding and facilitation
  • The government is playing an active role in promoting the adoption of renewable energy resources by offering various incentives, such as generation-based incentives (GBIs), capital and interest subsidies, viability gap funding, concessional finance, fiscal incentives etc.
  • The National Solar Mission aims to promote the development and use of solar energy for power generation and other uses, with the ultimate objective of making solar energy compete with fossil-based energy options.
  • In order to achieve the renewable energy target of 175 GW by the year 2022, the major programmes/ schemes on implementation of Solar Park, Solar Roof Top Scheme, Solar Defence Scheme, Solar scheme for CPUs Solar PV power plants on Canal Bank and Canal Tops, Solar Pump, Solar Rooftop etc have been launched during the last two years.
  • Various policy measures have been initiated and special steps taken in addition to providing financial support to various schemes being implemented by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) for achieving the target of renewable energy capacity to 175 GW by the year 2022

Enlighten about various policy measures

  • suitable amendments to the Electricity Act and Tariff Policy for strong enforcement of Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) and for providing Renewable Generation Obligation (RGO)
  • 10 percent renewable energy as mandatory under Mission Statement and Guidelines for development of smart cities
  • Amendments in building bye-laws for mandatory provision of roof top solar for new construction or higher Floor Area Ratio
  • infrastructure status for solar projects
  • Raising tax free solar bonds
  • Providing long tenor loans
  • Making roof top solar as a part of housing loan by banks/ NHB
  • Incorporating measures in Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS) for encouraging distribution companies and making net-metering compulsory and raising funds from bilateral and international donors as also the Green Climate Fund to achieve the target.

TARGETS

  • The Government of India has set a target of 175 GW renewable power installed capacity by the end of 2022.
  • This includes 60 GW from wind power, 100 GW from solar power, 10 GW from biomass power and 5 GW from small hydro power.

ACHIEVEMENTS Green Power Capacity Addition

  • A total of 11788 MW of grid-connected power generation capacity from renewable energy sources has been added so far this year (January 2017 to November 2017) in the country.
  • Family Type Biogas Plants mainly for rural and semi-urban households are set up under the National Biogas and Manure Management Programme (NBMMP).
  • Capacity of the scheme for "Development of Solar Parks and Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects" has been enhanced from 20,000 MW to 40, 000 MW. 35 solar parks of aggregate capacity 20,514 MW have been approved in 21 States.
  • Kurnool Solar Park in Andhra Pradesh with 1000 MW capacity has already been commissioned and is operational. With commissioning of 1000 MW capacity at single location, Kurnool Solar Park has emerged as the World’s Largest Solar Park.
  • 650 MW capacity commissioned in Bhadla Phase-II Solar Park in Rajasthan.
  • 250 MW capacity commissioned in Phase –I of Neemuch Mandsaur Solar Park (500 MW) in Madhya Pradesh
  • .
  • Several schemes namely (i) Defence scheme (ii) Central Public Sector Undertakings (CPSUs) scheme (iii) Bundling scheme (iv) Canal Bank/ Canal Top scheme (v) VGF Scheme (vi) Solar Park scheme (vii) Solar rooftops, have been initiated/launched by the Ministry under National Solar Mission which are under implementation.

Solar Rooftop

  • Ministry is implementing Grid Connected Rooftop and Small Solar Power Plants Programme which provides for installation of 2100 MW capacity through CFA/ incentive in the residential, social, Government/PSU and Institutional sectors.
  • Under the programme, central financial assistance upto 30% of bench mark is being provided for such projects in Residential, Institutional and Social sectors in General Category States and upto 70% of the benchmark cost in Special Category States.
  • For Government sector, achievement linked incentives are being provided. Subsidy/CFA is not applicable for commercial and industrial establishments in private sector.
  • Concessional loans of around 1375 million US dollars from World Bank (WB), Asian Development Bank (ADB) and New Development Bank (NDB) have been made available to State Bank of India (SBI), Punjab National Bank (PNB) and Canara Bank for solar rooftop projects.

Suryamitra

  • Suryamitra programme has been launched for creation of a qualified technical workforce and over 11 thousand persons have been trained under the programme.

ARUN (Atal Rooftop Solar User Navigator)

  • Launched mobile app ARUN (Atal Rooftop Solar User Navigator) for ease of access of beneficiaries for request submission and awareness.

Wind Power

  • India has long coastline where there is a good possibility for developing offshore wind power projects.
  • The cabinet has cleared the National Offshore Wind Energy Policy and the same has been notified on 6th October 2015.
  • Certain blocks near Gujarat and Tamil Nadu coast line have been identified.
  • First LiDAR installed and commissioned off Gujarat coast for gathering wind resource data.
  • Wind Forecasting: Based on wind forecasting experience of Tamil Nadu with NIWE, MoUs for forecasting done with Gujarat and Rajasthan.
  • Meso scale map prepared for wind resource at 120 meter height, as most of turbine hub heights being installed are more than 100 meters.
  • Total assessed wind resource of India would go up from 302 GW at 100 m to about 600 GW at 120 m); MESO scale map also prepared for Offshore wind. However for actual use these would have to be correlated with actual site specific measurements.

Biomass Power

  • Biomass power includes installations from biomass combustion, biomass gasification and bagasse co-generation.

Family Size Biogas Plants

  • Family Size Biogas Plants mainly for rural and semi-urban households are set up under the National Biogas and Manure Management Programme (NBMMP).

IREDA

  • Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA) has been awarded Mini Ratna Status and the authorised capital of IREDA is increased from Rs.1000 Cr. to Rs.6000 Cr.

Green Energy Corridor

  • Intra-State Transmission System is being implemented by eight renewable rich States (Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh) with total project cost of Rs. 10141 crores, with funding mechanism consisting of 20% State Equity, 40% Government of India Grant (total 4056.67 crores) and 40% KfW loan (500 million EUR).Projects worth Rs. 6766 crore have been awarded and approx. Rs. 1400 crores have been disbursed to the States from the Government of India share.

International Solar Alliance (ISA)

  • India is taking a leading role in the International Renewable Community and was a leading country along with France in formation of International Solar Alliance (ISA), an international body of 121 countries lying between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. Accordingly, ISA became a legal entity on 6.12.2017, with its headquarters in India.

Ease of funding/investments

  • Bank loans up to a limit of Rs.15 crores will be given to borrowers for purposes like solar based power generators, biomass based power generators, wind power systems, micro-hydel plants and for renewable energy based public utilities viz. Street lighting systems, and remote village electrification. For individual households, the loan limit will be Rs.10 lakh per borrower.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) up to 100% is permitted under the automatic route for renewable energy generation and distribution projects subject to provisions of The Electricity Act, 2003.

In order to achieve the targets, various initiatives have been taken by the Government which interalia include

  • Declared Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) up to the year 2018-19;
  • Declare Renewable Generation Obligation on new coal/lignite based thermal plants;
  • Notified National Offshore Wind Energy Policy;
  • Notified policy for Repowering of Wind Power Projects;
  • Notified standards for deployment of solar photovoltaic systems/devices;
  • Issued order for waiving the Inter State Transmission System charges and losses for inter-state sale of solar and wind power for projects to be commissioned by March 2019;
  • Launched Atal Jyoti Yojna for Solar LED Street Lights in five States
  • Amendments in building bye-laws for mandatory provision of roof top solar for new construction or higher FAR
  • Infrastructure status for solar projects
  • Raising tax free solar bonds
  • Making roof top solar a part of housing loan by banks/NHB
  • Raising funds from bilateral and international donors as also from the Green Climate Fund to achieve the target.

SOURCES – PIB, mnre.gov.in, my gov, isa website