Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - May 24, 2018

Ministry of Women & Child Development

  • The Ministry of Women and Child Development, a branch of the Government of India, is the apex body for formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws relating to women and child development in India. The current minister for the Ministry of Women and Child Development is Maneka Gandhi having held the portfolio since May, 2014

Enlighten about the round the year developments of MoW&CD

  • Government approves a Rs. 9000 Crore National Nutrition Mission
  • Pan-India Expansion of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao and Universalization of Scheme for Adolescent Girls
  • Pradhanmantri Matru Vandana Yojana for pregnant women and lactating mothers launched
  • 117 New One Stop Centres and 10 new Women Helplines become operational in 2017
  • Maternity Leave extended to a period of 26 weeks
  • Online complaint mechanism for Sexual Harassment at Workplace ‘She-Box’ established

National Nutrition Mission (NNM)

  • The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi dedicated the All India Institute of Ayurveda, to the Nation on 2ndNational Ayurveda Day on 17th October, 2017.
  • The first ever All India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA) is set up along the lines of AIIMS.
  • Organized the Ayurveda Conclave Vision 2022- Taking of Ayurveda Sector from $2.5 Billion to $ 8 Billion Industry.

International AROGYA 2017

NFHS 2015-16 statics

  • Although malnutrition indices have shown a decline as per National Family Health Survey (NFHS) – 4 in 2015-16 over NFHS (3) in 2005-06
  • The overall malnutrition scenario still continues to look bleak across the country.
  • In NFHS(4), 35.7% children under 5 years of age are underweight and 38.4% are stunted indicating a reduction from the previous NFHS – 3 which reported 42.5% children under 5 years of age as underweight and 48% stunted.
  • Further, 22.9% women (15-49 years of age) have chronic energy deficiency (BMI less than 18.5) which is a decline from the previous NFHS-3 levels which reported 35.5% women having chronic energy deficiency.

Enlighten about NNM

  • To deal with this problem of malnutrition on a war footing, the Government of India has approved setting-up of the National Nutrition Mission with a three year budget of Rs. 9046.17 Crores commencing from 2017-18.
  • It ensures convergence with various programmes i.e Anganwadi Services, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana, Scheme for Adolescent Girls of WCD Ministry; Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), National Health Mission (NHM) of Ministry of Health & Family Welfare; Swachh Bharat Mission of Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation (DW&S); Public Distribution System (PDS) of Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution (CAF&PD); Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) of Ministry of Rural Development (M/o RD); Drinking Water & Toilets with Ministry of Panchayati Raj and Urban Local Bodies through Ministry of Urban Development.
  • The Goals of NNM are to achieve improvement in nutritional status of Children from 0-6 years, Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers in a time bound manner during the next three years beginning 2017-18 with fixed targets as under:
  • One of the key activities in project is Information and Communication Technology enabled Real Time Monitoring (ICT-RTM) of ICDS.
  • Accordingly, a customized mobile based Common Application software (ICDS-CAS) has been developed. Anganwadi workers feed the information regarding the services delivered, through the mobile devices installed with ICDS-CAS application.
  • Information entered by the AWWs is visible on the dashboard that can be accessed at Block, District, State and Centre Level at www.icds-cas.gov.in.

Pan-India expansion of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme after successful implementation in 161 districts

  • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao is one the flagship programmes of the Government, launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister, Sh. Narendra Modi on 22nd January, 2015 at Panipat, Haryana to address the declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and address other related issues of disempowerment of women. It is a tri-ministerial, convergent effort of Ministries of Women and Child Development, Health & Family Welfare and Human Resource Development. The programme will be completing 3 years shortly.
  • The Cabinet has approved the expansion for Pan India Coverage , to be funded 100% by the Central Government.

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)

  • The Prime Minister announced Pan-India implementation of Maternity Benefit Programme to eligible pregnant women and lactating mothers.
  • The Programme has since been named as Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY).
  • The eligible beneficiaries would receive cash incentive of Rs 6000/- as per approved norms during pregnancy and after institutional delivery.

Universal Scheme for Adolescent Girls

The Government approved implementation of the Scheme for Adolescent Girls for out of school girls in the age group of 11-14 years to provide them nutrition support and vocational /skill training under non-nutrition.

Women Welfare

  • Launch of Mahila Shakti Kendra scheme to address women’s issues at the village level.
  • These volunteers, mobilised through local colleges, NCC, NSS, NYK etc., will work with local women to help them access government schemes for their benefit.
  • State Resource Centres for Women will be the state-level mechanism to ensure coordination between blocks, districts, state and centre.
  • In a game-changing initiative for working women, Maternity leave has been extended to a period of 26 weeks (~6 months).
  • Passport rules have been amended in favour of single mothers. Now either mother or father’s name can be provided in application form and do not have to provide certificate of marriage/divorce during application.

SHe-Box

  • To help women report incidents of Sexual harassment at the workplace, an online complaint mechanism – SHe-Box – has been established.
  • Any female employee in the country, whether employed by the government or private, can file an online complaint of sexual harassment through this portal.
  • An amendment has been proposed by the Ministry to the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006 so as to make child marriages henceforth void ab initio or invalid in law.
  • This would be an effective deterrent to the practice.

IPC Section 375

  • In 2017, the Ministry also took up the issue for dichotomy between IPC Section 375 (rape) and the Protection of Children Against Sexual Offences Act (POCSO), 2012.
  • In accordance with this, a decision by the Hon’ble Supreme Court this year has criminalized sex between a man and his underage wife – a big success for the Ministry.

Comprehensive Bill on Trafficking

  • The Ministry has conceptualized, after extensive stakeholder consultations, a comprehensive Bill on Trafficking which clearly outlines and differentiates between Regulatory and Rehabilitation aspects. The Bill is under consideration.

Nirbhaya Fund

  • A number of projects are being implemented under the Nirbhaya Fund, which is managed by the Ministry for the safety and security of women.
  • Proposals amounting to more than Rs. 2,000 Cr. have been appraised in the last one year.
  • A robust online MIS has been developed to track implementation of all the projects under Nirbhaya.
  • A focussed project for women’s safety in 8 prominent cities is being prepared under the Nirbhaya Fund, which will cover Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Hyderabad and Lucknow.
  • A project for Integrated Emergency Response Management under Nirbhaya is run by Railways.
  • Mahila Police Volunteers are being appointed to encourage women to report crime and are serving as role models in their communities. The scheme is currently operational in 5 States.
  • Central Victim Compensation Fund has been created under Nirbhaya, which is a corpus fund to support States/UTs for their Victim Compensation Scheme. This is helping ensure adequate and timely support for women survivors of crime and violence.

Public Grievance Cell

  • A Public Grievance Cell is also active in the Ministry, which gives women and children citizens a way to send their grievances directly to the government. It has already processed ~18,000 complaints in the one year since its inception.
  • This year, the Ministry has taken many steps to build the capacities of Elected Women Representatives of Panchayati Raj Institutions so they may exercise their power effectively.
  • These women are being trained through the National Institute of Public Cooperation and Child Development to take up their responsibilities as development planners.

Integrated Child Protection Scheme

  • The Ministry of Women and Child Development is executing an Integrated Child Protection Scheme for ensuring implementation of the JJ Act.
  • The scheme has been brought under the Umbrella ICDS as its sub-scheme with the nomenclature as Child Protection Services.

Cradle Baby Reception Center

  • The Ministry has stressed upon the need to place cradles at important locations such as hospitals, PHC, etc. to save the lives of unwanted new born babies and placing them in the adoption net managed by CARA with the intent to rehabilitate them in the familial care.

Celebration of Hausala 2017

  • WCD Ministry celebrated the child rights week by hosting an inter-Child Care Institution festival, “Hausla 2017” for the children who reside in child care institutions between 16-20th November 2017.

Khoya-Paya Portal

  • Citizen friendly web portal for Khoya Paya for reporting and searching missing children was launched in June, 2015.

Railway CHILDLINE

  • Railway stations which serve as ‘source’ and ‘destination’ centres for child trafficking have been identified & rescue services has been started in collaboration with Ministry of Railways.
  • The initiative is currently operating at 33 railway stations. Proposal for extending the service in 55 more new railway stations have been approved by the Ministry.

Skoch Order of Merit Award to CARINGS

  • CARINGS has been rated on three parameters namely Early Bird, Jury Evaluation and Popular Vote and has been conferred the SKOCH Order-or-Merit Award during the 50th SKOCH Summit on 20th-21st December 2017.

Swadhar Greh

  • Swadhar Greh Scheme targets the women victims of difficult circumstances and envisages providing shelter, food, clothing and health as well as economic and social security for these women.
  • At present total 561 Swadhar Greh are functioning in the country benefiting 17291 beneficiaries.
  • In addition one Widow Home with the capacity of 1000 inmates fully funded by the Ministry has been constructed at Sunrakh Bangar, Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh.

DBT onboarding of ICDS Scheme

  • The Ministry has identified two components of ICDS Scheme, viz, (i) payment of honorarium to Anganwadi Worker and Anganwadi Helpers; and (ii) providing supplementary nutrition to pregnant women & lactating mothers and children in the age group of six months to six years, for transfer of benefits/services, using Aadhaar as the primary identifier .This will help speed up delivery of services and prevent leakages.

Supplementary Nutrition (under the ICDS) Rules, 2017

  • In pursuance of the provisions contained in the National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013, this Ministry has notified the Supplementary Nutrition (under Integrated Child Development Services Scheme) Rules, 2017 to regulate the entitlement specified under provisions of said Act for every pregnant women and lactating mother till 6 months after child birth, and every child in the age group of 6 months to 6 years (including those suffering from malnutrition) for 300 days in a year, as per the nutritional standards specified in Schedule II of the said Act.

Organisation of Women of India Festival 2017 (Dilli Haat, INA)

  • To encourage women producers of organic products, a Women of India Festival 2017 from 1st to 15th October 2017 at Dilli Haat, INA, New Delhi.

Sattvik Food Festival – (Ahmedabad)

  • WCd Ministry setup 50 stalls in the said event thereby providing an opportunity to 100 participants (especially women entrepreneurs and farmers who produce organic products) to exhibit and sell their products thus making another attempt towards financial inclusion of these participants.

International Women’s Day Celebration

  • The International Women’s day was celebrated by the Ministry on 08.03.2017 and on 08.03.2018 whereby the Hon’ble President gave Nari Shakti Puraskars to eminent women and institutes, in recognition of their services, towards the cause of women empowerment.

Good Governance

  • Following the successful implementation of e-Office and Rapid Reporting System, the Ministry has implemented Government e-Marketplace (GeM) which ensures that all public procurements are made through GeM as per provisions of GFR 2017.

Mahila Shakti Kendra

  • Government of India has approved a new scheme namely Mahila Shakti Kendra for 2017-18 upto 2019-20 to empower rural women through community participation.
  • The scheme is envisaged to work at various levels, and at the National level (domain based knowledge support) and State level (State Resource Centre for Women) technical support to the respective governments on issues related to women is provided.
  • Community engagement through College Student Volunteers is envisioned in 115 most backward districts as part of the Block Level initiatives.
  • Student volunteers will play an instrumental role in awareness generation regarding various important government schemes/ programmes as well as social issues.
  • District Level Centre for Women (DLCW) has also been envisaged for 640 districts to be covered in phased manner.
  • These centres will serve as a link between village, block and state level in facilitating women centric schemes and also give foothold for Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) scheme at the district level.
  • Under the Scheme, State Resource Centre for Women is provided for all States/UTs, District Level Centre for Women (DLCW) for 640 districts to be covered in a phased manner
  • The Scheme is implemented through the State Government /UT Administration with a cost sharing ratio of 60:40 between centre and states except for NE & Special Category States where the funding ratio is 90:10.

Sources – PIB, Ministry of Women and child development, My Gov