Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - May 25, 2018

Department of Consumer Affairs

Bureau Of Indian Standards (Bis) Act 2016

  • A new Bureau of Indian standards (BIS) Act 2016 which was notified on 22nd March, 2016, has been brought into force with effect from 12th October, 2017.
  • The Act establishes the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) as the National Standards Body of India.
  • It has enabling provisions for the Government to bring under compulsory certification regime any goods or article of any scheduled industry, process, system or service which it considers necessary in the public interest or for the protection of human, animal or plant health, safety of the environment, or prevention of unfair trade practices, or national security.
  • Enabling provisions have also been made for making hallmarking of the precious metal articles mandatory.
  • The new Act also allows multiple type of simplified conformity assessment schemes including self-declaration of conformity against a standard which will give simplified options to manufacturers to adhere to the standards and get certificate of conformity.
  • The Act enables the Central Government to appoint any authority/agency, in addition to the BIS, to verify the conformity of products and services to a standard and issue certificate of conformity.
  • Further, there is provision for repair or recall, including product liability of the products bearing Standard Mark but not conforming to the relevant Indian Standard.Bureau of Indian Standards Rules, 2017 were also notified

Consumer Protection Unit

  • An international conference on consumer protection was held on 26-27 October, 2017 in New Delhi in association with UNCTAD having participation from countries in the East, South and South-East Asia with the theme “Empowering Consumers in New Markets”.
  • The Union Government has approved the introduction of new Consumer Protection Bill, 2017 in Parliament to further protect the interest of consumer by:

i) Strengthening the existing Act,
ii) Faster redressal of Consumer Grievances,
iii) Empowering Consumers, and
iv) Modernizing legislation to keep pace with ongoing change in market.

Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship

Investment in Skill Development Infrastructure

  • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendras: allocated across 27 states
  • MSDE also laid down the Foundation stone of the First Regional Vocational Training Institute (RVTI) of Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh. Currently, there are 15 RVTIs spread across the nation.

Indian Institute of Skills (IIS)

  • These are state of the art center of excellence being set up across the 5 regions of India on the lines on ITE Singapore.
  • The construction for the first IIS will begin soon in Mumbai, in collaborations Tata Group.
  • It will provide “hands-on” training in advanced courses such as energy efficient construction, industrial electronics and automation etc.

Programs and Achievements made Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) and Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)

  • Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship is implementing flagship scheme known as Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) on pan–India basis.
  • PMKVY enables large number of prospective youth, which also includes tribal, for taking Short Term Training (STT) and Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)

Fee Based Trainings

  • Under the Fee based model of skill development training being implemented by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC),
  • MSE has launched the same after approval from Chairman National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) across the country so as to standardize the civil infrastructure of ITIs, so that ITIs across the country have similar buildings and facilities.
  • Directorate General of Training under the aegis of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has launched grading exercise for ITIs to provide “Star Rating” to the performing institutes and give an opportunity to the institutes lagging behind in some of the parameters, to improve upon.
  • The scoring shall be done against each of the 43 defined parameters as per grading framework. The grading of ITIs is voluntary in nature.

Sankalp & Strive

Takshashila (Trainers and Assessors Portal) - National Portal for Trainers and Assessors is an initiative by NSDC under Skill Indian Mission.

  • The portal is a dedicated platform towards the management of trainers and assessors training life-cycle and would function as the central repository of information concerning the development of quality Trainers and Assessors in the Indian skill eco-system.
  • MoU for Urja Ganga Gas Pipeline Project: In order to provide the skilled manpower for Urja Ganga Gas Pipeline Project, a quadripartite agreement has been signed today between National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), GAIL, Skill Development Institute (SDI), Bhubaneswar and LabourNet.
  • MoU is to promote and enhance seamless skill development activities related to Urja Ganga Gas Pipeline Project

National Entrepreneurship Awards 2017

  • In order to reorganize the entrepreneurial spirit of India’s youth and encourage more young Indians to become entrepreneurs, MSDE presented the National Entrepreneurship Awards for the 2nd year on 09-11-2017 the third foundation day of the Ministry, in New Delhi to 10 Young Entrepreneurs

Recognition to States and Enterprises promoting Entrepreneurship

  • Further, in recognition of achievement for engaging apprentices, one best State, one best Central Public Sector Enterprise (CPSE), one best State Public Sector Enterprises (SPSE), and one best Private establishment were also conferred with “Champions of Change” award on this occasion.
  • The award winners are i) State Government of Haryana (Best State Category), ii) Bharat Heavy Electronicals Limited (BHEL)

Special Projects under PMKVY especially focused on tribal populations have been initiated

Bru Project

  • The project aims for skilling of BRU TRIBE of Mizoram, who were displaced and currently living in the Internally Displaced Person (IDP) camps in the districts of North Tripura. Under the project, 556 candidates have been benefited

Katkari primitive tribe

  • Project aims to skill 1020 candidates from the Katkari tribe in Maharashtra.

Skilling in Odisha

  • Project aims to skill 12,000 candidates from 62 indigenous communities (tribes) of Odisha, of which 13 are classified as primitive.

Project YUVA with Delhi Police under PMKVY

  • Ministry of Skill Development also this year initiated Project YUVA which is a joint initiative of NSDC and the Delhi Police under which Delhi Police is connect young 3,000 deprived youth and across the capital, 8 police stations under phase 1 of the project with training partners so that they can upgrade their skill as per their capability post which, they will be given placement assistance.

MoC with Government of Japan

  • A Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) on Technical Intern Training Program (TITP) was signed between the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) and Government of Japan

44th World Skills International competition was held in Abu Dhabi

  • Team India, led by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) under the guidance of the MSDE, competed in 26 skills at the event.
  • This year was one of the most successful year for Team India, which won 1 Silver, 1 Bronze and 9 Medallions for Excellence at the competition.
  • This is the best medal tally that India had since it started participating at these competition in 2007.

Partnership with Ministry of Belarus

  • An MoU has been signed between MSDE and M/o Education of the Government of the Republic of Belarus for Cooperation in the field of Vocational Education and Training (TVET).

India - Africa Knowledge Exchange Mission

  • The Ministry in collaboration with World Bank arranged an India – Africa Knowledge Exchange Mission in New Delhi with Minister Level participations from Five African Countries viz. Rwanda, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Ghana and Uganda besides 12 Technical Members and 2 members from PASET (Partnership for Skills in Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology), World Bank

Sources – PIB, Ministry of skill development, Ministry of Consumer affairs.