Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - May 29, 2018

Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation ( MoSPI)

Enlighten about the Ministry

  • The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has two wings,
  • one relating to Statistics and
  • the other Programme Implementation.
  • The Statistics Wing called the National Statistical Office(NSO) consists of the Central Statistical Office (CSO), the Computer centre and the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO).
  • The Programme Implementation Wing has three Divisions, namely, (i) Twenty Point Programme (ii) Infrastructure Monitoring and Project Monitoring and (iii) Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme.
  • Besides these two wings, there is National Statistical Commission created through a Resolution of Government of India (MOSPI) and one autonomous Institute, viz., Indian Statistical Institute declared as an institute of National importance by an Act of Parliament.

Special Data Dissemination Standards (SDDS)

  • India is a subscriber to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) Special Data Dissemination Standards (SDDS) and is currently fulfilling the Standards.
  • The Ministry maintains an ‘Advance Release Calendar’ for its data categories covered under the SDDS, which is disseminated on the Ministries website as well as on the Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB) of the IMF.
  • The Ministry releases the data sets covered under the Real Sector of SDDS through press notes, Press Information Bureau Press releases and its web-site simultaneously.
  • The Ministry has been designated as the nodal Ministry to facilitate the implementation of the SAARC Social Charter in India.

United Nations Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics

  • Adopted since June 2016, to enhance professional independence, impartiality, accountability and transparency in methods of collection and dissemination of Official Statistics;

Revision of Base Year of GDP and related Macro-economic aggregates

  • The Macro-economic aggregates of National Accounts like GDP, Savings, Capital Formation, etc. released by CSO are indicators of the country’s economic health
  • The improvements in the Revised Series include- use of corporate sector data of Ministry of Corporate Affairs for about 5.5 lakh companies in mining, manufacturing and services sectors, Use of latest data of National Sample Survey, Improved coverage of Local Bodies and Autonomous Institutions etc.
  • Base Year of National Accounts revised from 2004-05 to 2011-12 in 2015.

Revision of Base Year of Index of Industrial Production (IIP)

  • New series of IIP released on 12th May 2017 with change of Base Year from 2004-05 to 2011-12.

Revision of Base Year of Consumer Price Index (CPI)

  • Base Year changed from 2010 to 2012
  • Basket of items and weighing diagram based on Modified Mixed Reference Period (MMRP) of Consumer Expenditure Survey – consistent with International Practice.
  • Use of Geometric Mean of Price Relatives with respect to Base Prices for elementary indices – Also consistent with International Practice.
  • Sample size for house rent data doubled from 6,684 to 13,368.

Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS)

  • Large scale employment surveys in India have so far been conducted usually at 5-year intervals.
  • PLFS launched in April 2017 to obtain employment data at shorter intervals.
  • PLFS aims to –
  • Measure quarterly changes in statistical indicators of labour market in Urban Areas;
  • Generate annual estimates of labour force indicators in both Rural and Urban Areas.
  • PLFS will use the Computer Assisted Personal Interview (CAPI) technique, which involves direct entry of data in Tablets at the field level. This will lead to higher accuracy and faster processing of data.

Collection of Statistics (Amendment) Bill 2017

  • Collection of Statistics Act, 2008 is a Central Act that allows Central, State and Local Governments to collect statistics on socio-economic aspects;
  • This Act is not applicable to J&K.
  • To address this legislative vacuum, the Collection of Statistics (Amendment) Bill, 2017 has been introduced in Parliament during Budget Session 2017.

Revision of Advance Release Calendar of GDP Estimates

  • Before 2017, First Advance Estimates of GDP were usually released on 7th February, 3 weeks before the date of presentation of Union Budget
  • The First Advance Estimates of GDP constitute important inputs in formulation of Union Budget for the forthcoming year
  • With the date of presentation of Union Budget for 2017-18 advanced from 28th February to 1stFebruary in 2017, MoSPI made available the First Advance Estimates of GDP on 6th January, 2017 well before the presentation of the Union Budget

Surveys of NSSO

  • NSSO has been conducting large scale surveys on multi-purpose socio-economic subjects
  • During last three years, NSSO conducted surveys on
  • Domestic Tourism Expenditure;
  • Household Consumption Expenditure on Services and Durable goods;
  • Unincorporated Non-Agricultural Enterprises in Manufacturing, Trade and Other services sector (excluding Construction); and Enterprise focussed Survey of Services Sector

Standardisation of procedures, E-governance and Data Dissemination

  • National Accounts Division of CSO and Survey Design & Research Division of NSSO have been certified ISO-9001:2008 compliant for quality of performance.
  • Recent adoption of the IHSN toolkit by MoSPI, as per International practice, for creating a web-based Survey Data Catalogue/ Micro Data Archive to disseminate NSS Survey, ASI and Economic Census Data.
  • Bharatkosh, e-receipt portal gateway, has been set up for use by Indian users for dissemination of Unit level data of NSS, ASI and Economic Census. Introduction of online payment by non-Indians for supply of data is in the pipeline.
  • NSSO has undertaken the work of digitisation of Urban Frame Survey (UFS) maps in collaboration with National Informatics Centre (NIC) and the National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC). This will help in improvement of identification and demarcation of boundaries for smooth data collection.

Recent Initiatives on Multilateral Forums

  • MoSPI organised 8th Meeting of Heads of National Statistics Offices (NSOs) of BRICS Nations in November, 2016 in India to discuss issue of Statistical measurement.
  • India also hosted the 8th Meeting of Heads of SAARC Statistical Organizations (SAARCSTAT) in August 2016 to promote enhanced regional co-operation and initiatives in the field of Official Statistics for SAARC Nations.
  • India has co-chaired the meeting Friends of Chair (FOC) group, constituted for the evaluation of International Comparison Programme (ICP), 2011, at the 47thSession of United Nation Statistics Commission at New York in March, 2016.
  • India has co-chaired the ICP Governing Board meeting held in November, 2016 at Washington, DC, USA, and also the meeting of Regional Advisory Board (RAB) held in January, 2017 at Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • The 32nd meeting of the Voorburg Group on Service Statistics was hosted by the Ministry during 23rd to Friday the 27th of October 2017.

Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS)

Enlighten about the amendments

  • Ceiling for contribution of Hon'ble MPs in case of calamity of severe nature raised from Rs 50 lakh to Rs 1 crore
  • Purchase of medical equipment costing not less than Rs 5 lakh made permissible for Government Hospitals
  • Purchase of equipment for skill development allowed
  • Financial assistance allowed for purchase of tricycle (manual/battery/operated/motorized), wheelchair (motorized/battery operated) and artificial limbs for differently abled deserving persons with disabilities
  • Purchase of ambulances for transporting sick/injured animals allowed
  • Integrated MPLADS Portal for use of all the stakeholders developed that also provides an opportunity to the Citizens for suggesting the developmental works in their areas to the Hon’ble MPs.

Monitoring of Infrastructure Projects

  • On-going Central Sector Infrastructure Projects costing Rs. 150.00 crore and above are being monitored on time and cost overruns through an Online Computerized Monitoring System (OCMS)
  • OCMS enables project implementing agencies to regularly upload the status of projects in real time

Publications

  • Millennium Development Goals Final Country Report of India
  • National Accounts Statistics 2017
  • Sarvekshana 103rd issue
  • Annual Report on TPP 2006 for the year 2015-16
  • Achieving Millennium Development Goals: Target year factsheet - India
  • Domestic Tourism in India
  • Key Indicators of Unincorporated Non-Agricultural Enterprises (Excluding Construction) in India (July 2015-June 2016)
  • Statistical Year Book India 2017
  • Selected Socio-Economic Statistics

Indian Statistical Institute

  • Setting up of RC Bose Centre for Cryptology and Security
  • Major breakthrough in theoretical research like solving the Zariski Cancellation Problem that was open for several decades.

ISI has also been involved in

  • Estimation of counterfeit currency
  • International Passenger Survey
  • Evaluation study of the MNREGA scheme over several states of India
  • Evaluation of Border Area Development Program in West Bengal and several North Eastern States

Regional Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Workshops

  • Five regional SDG workshops involving all States/UTs were held at Ahmadabad, Lucknow, Chennai, Guwahati and Bhubaneswar.

Sources – PIB, Ministry of Statistics and Prog. Implementation, NSSO,CSO