Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - May 30, 2018

Ministry of I&B

Enlighten about the Ministry

  • The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (Ministry of I&B) is a branch of the Government of India which is apex body for formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws relating to information, broadcasting, the press and films in India.
  • The Ministry is responsible for the administration of Prasar Bharati-the broadcasting arm of the Indian Government.
  • The Central Board of Film Certification is the other important functionary under this ministry being responsible for the regulation of motion pictures broadcast in India.

Information Sector Agreements

  • MoU signed between Publications Division and Sahitya Mandal for Joint Publication of books, to sensitise the young generation about India’s rich and diverse culture and history. It would promote availability of good literature for the people on diverse topics.
  • Agreement on “Cooperation in the field of Information, Communication and Media” was signed between India and Ethiopia.
  • The Agreement will encourage cooperation between mass media tools such as radio, print media, TV, social media etc. to provide more opportunities to the people of both the nations and create public accountability.

Miscellaneous Events round the year

  • 360 degree Multimedia Campaigns such as International Yoga Day, Swachh Bharat , Make in India, Skill India, Digital India, Rashtriya Ekta Diwas were launched by the Government.
  • It entailed Multimedia Exhibitions, social media campaigns using Infographics, animations, graphic plates, short videos, live streaming of events /conferences etc.
  • 6th National Photography Awards organized. Shri Raghu Rai conferred Lifetime Achievement Award. Professional Photographer of the year award to Shri K.K. Mustafah and Amateur Photographer of the year award to Shri Ravinder Kumar.
  • Three Heritage Books on the occasion of Centenary Celebrations of Champaran Satyagraha released.
  • Set of books titled ‘Swachh Jungle ki kahani – Dadi ki Zubani’ Books published in 15 Indian languages by Publications Division to enable development of cleanliness habit amongst children released.
  • “Saath Hai Vishwaas Hai, Ho Raha Vikas Hai” Exhibition organized and was put up across state capitals for duration of 5-7 days showcasing the achievements of the Government in the last 3 years in various sectors.
  • 100 Volumes of Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi released. The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi’(CWMG) is a monumental document of Gandhiji’s thoughts which he spoke and wrote from 1884, when Mahatma was a 15 year old boy, till his assassination on January 30, 1948.
  • Special Webpage on Goods and Services Tax (GST) http://pib.nic.in/gst was created on PIB Website and is a one stop platform for all information on the new tax regime.
  • RNI Annual Report - Press in India, an Important Index of Print Media was released. The report gave a comprehensive analysis of the contours of the growth for the industry specially the growth amongst regional language publications.

Film Sector (events/developments round the year)

  • Indian Panorama Film Festival organized in Delhi.
  • The festival opened with the Documentary film “Ima Sabitri” directed by Bobo Khuraijam and Hindi feature film “Pinky Beauty Parlour” directed by Akshay Singh.
  • It also screened five iconic films in which Shri Om Puri has acted to commemorate him.
  • Film Condition Assessment Project under National Film Heritage Mission launched.
  • This one-of-its-kind project in the world, for film preservation, will make rich filmic heritage available for the future generations to come.
  • The condition of about 1,32,000 film reels at NFAI would be assessed and each film reel will be tracked and monitored through RFID tagging, during the first phase.
  • India & Ukraine to strengthen bilateral cooperation through the medium of Film Festivals and utilizing the Film Facilitation Office platform established by India.
  • MoU signed between FTII and Canon to promote short courses in Film & Television. Canon to support skill-oriented courses as Technology Partner. These short courses will be held in collaboration with State Governments, Universities and Educational institutions.
  • New category of visa for foreign filmmakers created to ease issues related to their entry into the country. Both the Film Visa and the Film Facilitation Office (FFO) have been aimed to promote India as an attractive filming destination to the world.

64th National Film Awards

  • 64th National Film Awards organized in Delhi. Kassav awarded Best Feature Film and Sathamanam Bhavathi awarded as Best Popular Film providing Wholesome Entertainment, Akshay Kumar given Best Actor award for the film Rustom, Ms. Surabhi awarded Best Actress for the Malayalam movie Minnaminungu-The Firefly Rajesh Mapuskar given Best Direction Award for Marathi movie Ventilator.

65th National Film Awards

  • The 65th National Film Awards have been announced with Bollywood film ‘Newton’ emerging as the Best Hindi Film and music maestro AR Rahman emerging as the biggest winner.
  • Filmmaker Shekhar Kapur headed the jury of the film awards which recognises talents across cinema in all languages.
  • Late actress Sridevi was conferred with the Best Actress Award posthumously for her last film ‘Mom’ while the Best Actor Award went to Riddhi Sen for 'Nagarkirtan'.

48th International Film Festival of India (IFFI)

  • The 48th International Film Festival of India (IFFI), 2017 was organised in Goa.
  • A Total of 196 Films from 82 Countries, over 64 India Premieres of International films, 3 world Premieres, over 28 Oscar submissions were screened, for the first-time ever Retrospective of James Bond film screened.
  • A special section of Restored Classics, a special Focus on Canada curated by the Toronto International Film Festival showcased.
  • A Retrospective of Lifetime Achievement Award given to Atom Egoyan, Indian Film Personality of the Year was awarded to Shri Amitabh Bachchan.
  • Mumbai International Film Festival for Documentary, Short and Animation Film (MIFF) 2018

Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation

Enlighten about the Ministry

  • The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Government of India, is headed by the Cabinet Minister, Drinking Water & Sanitation.
  • It is the Nodal Ministry for the overall policy, planning, funding and coordination of two flagship programmes of the Government of India, namely, the National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) for rural drinking water supply and the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) [SBM (G)] for sanitation in the country.

Swachh Bharat Mission

  • To accelerate the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage and to put focus on safe sanitation, the Prime Minister of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on 2nd October, 2014.
  • The Mission aims to achieve a Swachh Bharat by 2nd October, 2019, as a fitting tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150h birth anniversary.
  • Swachh Bharat, in rural areas shall mean improving the levels of cleanliness through Solid and Liquid Waste Management activities and making Gram Panchayats Open Defecation Free (ODF), clean and sanitised. ODF would mean the termination of faecal-oral transmission, defined by,
  • no visible faeces found in the environment/village and,every household as well as public/community institution(s) using safe technology option for disposal of faeces, as defined by the Ministry.

National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP)

  • The National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme aimed at providing every person in rural India with adequate safe water for drinking, cooking and other domestic basic needs on a sustainable basis.
  • Safe water is to be readily and conveniently accessible at all times and in all situations and therefore, the scheme focuses on the creation of the infrastructure.
  • This has resulted in in the provision of significant additional resources to the sector and for the development of infrastructure and capacities for the successful operation of drinking water supply schemes in rural areas.

Enlighten about the developments/events Swachhata Pakhwada

  • Swachhata Pakhwada started in April 2016 with the objective of bringing a fortnight of intense focus on the issues and practices of Swachhhata by engaging Central Ministries and Departments in their jurisdiction.
  • An annual calendar is pre-circulated among the Ministries to help them plan for the Pakhwada activities.

Namami Gange

  • Namami Gange Programme is an initiative of Ministry of Water Resources (MOWR), comprising of making villages on the bank of River Ganga ODF and interventions dealing with solid and liquid waste management are being implemented by MDWS.
  • All 4470 villages located across 52 districts of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal

Swachh Iconic Places (SIP)

  • The Ministry has taken up a multi-stakeholder initiative focusing on cleaning up 100 places across India that are “iconic” due to their heritage, religious and/or cultural significance.
  • The goal of the Initiative is to improve the cleanliness conditions at these places to a distinctly higher level.
  • This initiative is in partnership with Ministries of Urban Development, Tourism and Culture with MDWS being the nodal ministry.
  • So far in first two phases, 20 iconic places has been taken up. All these 20 Iconic Sites have designated PSUs or corporates for financial and technical support.

Swachh Shakti, March 8, 2017

  • Swachh Shakti was organized on March 8th, 2017, International Women’s Day, at Mahatma Mandir, Gandhinagar.
  • The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi addressed the gathering on this occasion. Around 6,000 selected women sarpanches, grassroots workers from across the country attended the event, and Swachhta Champions were honoured for their outstanding contribution towards making Swachh Bharat a reality in rural India.

Freedom from Open Defecation (FOD) week (Aug 9 – Aug 15)

  • IEC activities like door to door IPC, Swachhata Raths, Rallies, Marathons, Felicitation of Champions, Quiz/painting competitions for Awareness generation and mass mobilization of communities across the rural hinterland was carried out for triggering Behaviour Change.

Swachh Sankalp se Swachh Siddhi Competition (Aug 17-Sep 8)

  • The Hon’ble Prime Minister has given the clarion call to achieve a New India by 2022 under Sankalp se Siddhi, a mass resolve to make all dirt and filth quit India.
  • In pursuit of this vision, MoDWS organised countrywide Film, Essay and Paining Competition between 17 August and 8 September 2017 as another major step towards making Swachhta a people’s movement.

Darwaza Bandh Media Campaigns

  • Aiming at Behavior Change, an aggressive mass media campaign titled 'Darwaza Band' featuring Amitabh Bachchan to promote continued toilet use especially by men has been launched.
  • The campaign includes 5 TV and Radio spots in 9 languages including Hindi and has been successfully launched on the mass media across the country.

Swachhata Hi Seva (SHS), Sep 16-Oct 2, 2017

  • In his Mann Ki Baat address on August 27, 2017, the Prime Minister called upon the nation to invoke a spirit of cleanliness and perform activities or SHRAMDAN and urged all NGOs, schools, colleges, social, cultural and political leaders, corporates, government officials, Collectors and sarpanches, to accelerate Swachhata activities during the Sept 15 – Oct 2, 2017 period.
  • Prime Minister, Narendra Modi led the campaign by performing shramdan for twin pit toilet construction in Shahanshahpur village, Varanasi. He commented that “Swachhata has to become ‘Swabhav’

Ministry of Minority Affairs

Enlighten About the Ministry

  • The Ministry of Minority Affairs was carved out of Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment and created on 29th January 2006 to ensure a more focused approach towards issues relating to the notified minority communities namely Muslim, Christian, Buddhist, Sikhs, Parsis and Jain.
  • The mandate of the Ministry includes formulation of overall policy and planning, coordination, evaluation and review of the regulatory framework and development programmes for the benefit of the minority communities.
  • Shri Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi has assumed the office as an Union Minister for Minority Affairs on Monday, 4 September, 2017 in New Delhi.

Enlighten about the events/achievements

  • The Ministry of Minority Affairs went completely online/digital.
  • Union Minister of Minority Affairs, Shri Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi launched a portal for Private Tour Operators (PTO) for Haj 2018 to ensure that the entire process related to Haj becomes fully transparent.
  • Ministry of Minority Affairs had constituted a Committee to review the existing Haj Policy of the Government for 2013-17 and to suggest framework for new Haj policy 2018-22.
  • The Central Government lifted ban on women going to Haj without Mehram(male companion). For Haj 2018, a large number of women are applying to go to Haj without Mehram.
  • Increase in Haj quota benefits all states.
  • Union Minister of Minority Affairs launched Haj Committee of India Mobile App at Haj House in Mumbai in January.
  • Applying for Haj, enquiry and information, news and updates and e-payment are the main features of Haj Committee of India Mobile App.
  • Application for Haj can be made directly from the App.

Hunar Haat

  • A spectacular platform of Ministry of Minority Affairs was held at India International Trade Fair (IITF) from November 14-27, 2017.
  • About 130 artisans from 20 states & Union Territories participated in the Hunar Haat.
  • A joint campaign was launched in January by the Ministry of Minority Affairs, National Waqf Development Corporation (NAWADCO) and Central Waqf Council to utilise the Waqf properties for socio-economic-educational empowerment of minority communities specially Muslims.

Jiyo Parsi Publicity Phase-2

  • It was organized in Mumbai.
  • The main objective of the “Jiyo Parsi” scheme is to reverse the declining trend of Parsi population by adopting a scientific protocol and structured interventions, stabilize their population and increase the population of Parsis in India.

Miscellaneous events

  • Union Minister for Minority Affairs Shri Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi announced that a certificate course for "GST Facilitator" was launched in Hyderabad.
  • He also announced that course for "Sanitary Supervisors" will be started in about 100 Gharib Nawaz Skill Development Centres, being established across the country.
  • Shri Naqvi undertook “Shramdan” (voluntary work) at the campus of Maulana Azad Education Foundation of the Minority Affairs Ministry under “Swachhta Hi Seva” (cleanliness is service) campaign.
  • Progress Panchayat was held in Alwar Rajasthan on December17, 2017 and various development projects including schools, hostels, primary health centres were inaugurated.

Sources – Official websites of Ministry of Minority affairs, I&B and drinking water and sanitation, PIB, My Gov