Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - November 15, 2017

Tribal Affairs

India’s 1st Tribal Entrepreneurship Summit to be organised at Dantewada

  • India’s first Tribal Entrepreneurship Summit was organised at Dantewada in Bastar region of Chhattisgarh.
  • The summit is part of 8th Global Entrepreneurship Summit being held in India.
  • The event was organized by National Institute of Transforming India (NITI) Aayog in partnership with Government of United States of America (USA).

Enlighten about it

  • Tribal Entrepreneurship Summit in Dantewada was organised with motive to inspire, nurture and promote spirit of entrepreneurship in tribal youth.
  • It aims to ensure another step towards tribal-centric sustainable and inclusive development.
  • The summit saw participation of tribal entrepreneurs from various sectors across country and abroad.
  • It was addressed by eminent speakers from NITI Aayog, health and agri-pharma sectors.
  • The summit not only provided platform to tribal youth but also addressed issues faced by tribal community in pragmatic and progressive ways.

Bilateral Agreements

India, Philippines ink four agreements in various fields

  • India and Philippines have signed four agreements in areas of defence, agriculture, small and medium enterprises and tie-up between think-tanks.
  • The defence agreement is to have private and public enterprises to cooperate in the defence sector, including on the off-shore patrolling vessels.
  • These agreements were signed after bilateral meetings between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte in Manila on sidelines of the ASEAN and related summits that are underway in Philippines capital.
  • It was first bilateral visit by Indian PM to Philippines in 36 years after visit of then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1981, though Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had visited the southeast Asian country in 2007 for ASEAN summit.

Enlighten about the visit –

  • PM Modi contributed two Indian rice seed varieties to gene bank of International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in Philippines which is working towards mitigating global poverty and hunger by improving cultivation of key grain.
  • He also visited IRRI in Los Banos, an urban locality around 65 km from Manila and interacted with several Indian scientists working there.
  • He also inaugurated ‘rice field laboratory’ named after him as Narendra Modi Resilient Rice Field Laboratory.

Trade

President inaugurates 37th India International Trade Fair in New Delhi

  • The 37th India International Trade Fair (IITF) was held at Pragati Maidan in New Delhi.
  • The 14-day annual event was inaugurated by President Ram Nath Kovind.
  • It is organised by India Trade Promotion Organisation (ITPO).
  • The theme of fair is “Startup India Standup India”. Vietnam is partner country, while Kyrgyzstan is focus country for this edition of fair. Jharkhand is participating as partner state in the event.

Enlighten about it

  • As many as 7,000 participants from 22 countries will showcase their products ranging from electronics to textiles.
  • Thirty-two of India’s states and Union territories will be also represented.
  • Institutions that will be participate range from self-help groups to big business houses, and from small and medium manufacturing enterprises (SMEs) to digital start-ups.
  • This year number of business days have been reduced from five to four days to accommodate more visitors from general public during the fair.

India Trade Promotion Organisation (ITPO)

  • It is the nodal agency of the Government of India under aegis of Ministry of Commerce and Industry for promoting country’s external trade.
  • It is Mini-Ratna Category-1 Central Public Sector Enterprise (CPSE) with 100% shareholding of Government. It is headquartered at Pragati Maidan.

Index/Reports

Government releases India Youth Development Index and Report 2017

  • The Union Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports released India Youth Development Index (IYDI) and Report 2017 to track the trends in Youth Development across the States.
  • The Index has been developed by Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development (RGNIYD), Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu.

Enlighten about it –

  • The India Youth Development Index will enable to recognize high and low performing states, identify weak domains and inform the policy makers the priority areas of intervention for youth development in the states.
  • It was constructed using latest definition of youth as used in National Youth Policy 2014 and World Youth Development Report of Commonwealth (15–29 years) as well as using the Commonwealth Indicators in order to facilitate Global comparison.
  • In IYDI 2017, the first five dimensions are retained same as that of Global YDI.
  • The indicators and weights were modified based on availability of data at sub-national level and importance of indicators in explaining Youth Development with the aim of capturing the multidimensional properties that indicate progress in youth development at state level.

World Day

14 November: World Diabetes Day

  • The World Diabetes Day was observed every year across the world on 14 November to raise awareness about diabetes.
  • Observance of day aims to pursue multilateral efforts to promote and improve human health and provide access to health-care treatment and education.
  • The theme for year 2017 is “Women and diabetes – Our right to a healthy future’.
  • It aims to promote affordable access to essential diabetes medicines and technologies for all women with diabetes to achieve optimal diabetes outcomes and strengthen their capacity to prevent type 2 diabetes.

Women and Diabetes

  • Diabetes is ninth leading cause of death in women globally, causing 2.1 million deaths each year.
  • Currently, there are over 199 million women living with diabetes and it is projected to increase to 313 million by 2040.
  • Two out of every five women with diabetes are of reproductive age which accounts for over 60 million women worldwide.
  • Women with diabetes have more difficulty conceiving and may have poor pregnancy outcomes.

Enlighten about World Disbetes day

  • The World Diabetes Day was instituted by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in 2007 by passing resolution A/RES/61/225.
  • The resolution had encouraged Member States to develop national policies for prevention, treatment and care of diabetes.

Diabetes

  • Diabetes is a chronic, progressive non-communicable disease (NCD) characterized by elevated levels of blood sugar (blood glucose).
  • It occurs when (i) the pancreas does not produce enough of the insulin hormone, which regulates blood sugar (ii) the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces.
  • Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body doesn’t make enough insulin, and type 2 diabetes occurs when the body doesn’t make or use insulin very well, causing glucose to remain in the blood, which can lead to serious problems.

Environment

India to become world’s largest Sulphur Dioxide emitter: Study

  • As per study published by researchers at University of Maryland, US, India is overtaking China to become world’s largest emitter of anthropogenic Sulphur Dioxide (SO2).
  • SO2 is an air pollutant that causes acid rain, haze and many health-related problems.
  • It is produced predominantly during burning of coal to generate electricity and vehicular emissions.

Enlighten about the study

  • Researchers had combined emissions data generated by using two different methods in order to generate an accurate profile of emissions over India and China.
  • The first method is based on collection of estimated emission amounts from inventories of number of factories, power plants, automobiles and other contributors to SO2 emissions.
  • The second method is based on data obtained from Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on NASA’s Aura satellite, which detects a variety of atmospheric pollutants including sulphur dioxide.
  • India’s emissions of SO2 has increased by 50% since 2007 India opened its largest coal-fired power plant in 2012 and has yet to implement emission controls, while China’s fell by 75%.
  • The rapid decrease of emissions in China far exceeds expectations and projections.
  • It can be attributed to emission control measures undertaken by China. While, India is yet to implement emission control measures.
  • China and India are world’s top consumers of coal, which typically contains up to 3% sulphur.
  • The SO2 emissions are generally product of coal-fired power plants and coal-burning factories. Beijing, China’s capital suffers severe haze problems due to coal-burning factories and power plants.
  • India’s increased SO2 emissions are not causing as health or haze problems as in China because largest emission sources are not in most densely populated area of India. However, with growing demand for electricity in India, impact may worsen.

Focus

Land Bill

  • The Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) on the Land Acquisition Bill, 2015, is planning to seek the eighth extension in the upcoming Parliament session.
  • The JPC was set up in May 2015 to examine the Bill after it was opposed by many political parties.

Enlighten about the Land Acquisition Bill:

  • The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Amendment) Bill, 2015 seeks to Amend the Act of 2013 (LARR Act, 2013).
  • The Bill creates five special categories of land use: 1. defence, 2. rural infrastructure, 3. affordable housing, 4. industrial corridors, and 5. infrastructure projects including Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects where the central government owns the land.

Enlighten about the bill

  • The Bill exempts the five categories from provisions of the LARR Act, 2013 which requires the consent of 80% of land owners to be obtained for private projects and that of 70% of land owners for PPP projects.
  • The Bill allows exemption for projects in these five categories from requiring Social Impact Assessment be done to identify those affected and from the restrictions on the acquisition of irrigated multi-cropped land imposed by LARR Act 2013.
  • The Bill brings provisions for compensation, rehabilitation, and resettlement under other related Acts such as the National Highways Act and the Railways Act in consonance with the LARR Act.
  • The Bill changes acquisition of land for private companies mentioned in LARR Act, 2013 to acquisition for ‘private entities’. A private entity could include companies, corporations and nonprofit organisations.

Tourism

Fish tourism circuit

  • West Bengal government is firming up plans to set up a fish tourism circuit to attract country’s fish-loving communities.
  • The State Fisheries Development Corporation (SFDC) is preparing the blueprint for the tourism circuit.

Enlighten about the Fish Tourism circuit

  • A typical tour will consist of a two days-one night package, with fish as the focal theme – be it food or sightseeing.
  • And fish dishes to be served will comprise the traditional favourites of Bengalis as well as newly-introduced varieties in the state.
  • The circuit will centre around the hotels run by SFDC in places like Digha, Udaypur, Henry Island, Bishnupur, Jamunadighi and Siliguri.

Inland Waterways

Jal Marg Vikas Project

  • The Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) has awarded a contract to a reputed consultant for technical support services for the Multi-Modal Terminal at Haldia and new Navigation Lock at Farakka.
  • These projects are part of the JMVP on National Waterway -I (River Ganga), being implemented with technical and financial assistance of the World Bank at an estimated cost of Rs 5,369 crore.

Enlighten about Jal Marg Vikas Project:

  • The Jal Marg Vikas Project seeks to facilitate plying of vessels with capacity of 1,500-2,000 tonnes in the Haldia- Varanasi stretch of the River Ganga.
  • The major works being taken up under JMVP are development of fairway, Multi-Modal Terminals, strengthening of river navigation system, conservancy works, modern River Information System (RIS), Digital Global Positioning System (DGPS), night navigation facilities, modern methods of channel marking etc.

NW 1:

  • Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly river system from Allahabad to Haldia was declared as National Waterway No.1.
  • The NW-1 passes through Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal and serves major cities and their industrial hinterlands.

Education Sector

National Achievement Survey (NAS)

  • The National Achievement Survey (NAS) is the largest ever national assessment survey in the country and is amongst the largest in the world, was conducted throughout the country.
  • Union HRD Minister Shri Prakash Javadekar said that the NAS is a transparent and credible exercise done under third party verification.
  • It was conducted for the Classes 3, 5 and 8 in government and government aided schools.
  • The survey tools used multiple test booklets with 45 questions in Classes III and V related to language, mathematics and 60 questions in Class VIII in Mathematics, Language, Sciences and Social Sciences.
  • The compCLcy based test questions developed reflected the Learning Outcomes developed by the NCERT which were recently incorporated in the Right to Education Act (RTE) by the Government of India.
  • Along with the test items, questionnaires pertaining to students, teachers and schools were also used.