Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - November 2, 2018

Small Scale Industries

MSME Support and Outreach Programme MSME Outreach Programme to run for 100 days covering 100 Districts throughout the country

What

  • Union Government’s Support and Outreach Initiative for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs)
  • The Prime Minister will launch the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) Support and Outreach Programme
  • Focused on access to credit, access to market, hand holding and facilitation support measures etc. for MSME Sector

Connect to the programme

  • MSME Outreach Programme will run for 100 days covering 100 Districts throughout the country.
  • Various Central Ministers are likely to visit these districts in order to apprise the entrepreneurs about various facilities being extended to MSME Sector by the Government and financial institutions and to come forward and make best use of these facilities including access to credit and market, etc.
  • This Outreach Programme will help in further boosting the MSME sector since this sector is one of the major generator of employment opportunities and making a significant contribution to the overall growth of the economy.
  • Besides Delhi, similar launch programmes will be held at 100 locations across the country, where Union Ministers, and Ministers from State Governments will be present. All these locations will also connect with Delhi
  • This outreach and support programme, which will run for the next 100 days, covering the entire country, is expected to provide even greater synergy to the efforts being made for this sector.
  • The progress of this programme, to be implemented in mission mode, will be monitored on a continuous basis by senior officials of Union and State Governments.

State Specific

Cabinet approves renaming of Jharsuguda Airport, Odisha as “Veer Surendra Sai Airport, Jharsuguda”

Veer Surendra Sai Airport, Jharsuguda

  • Veer Surendra Sai is a well-known freedom fighter of Odisha.
  • Surendra Sai was an Indian freedom fighter and tribal leader who sacrificed his life fighting against the British East India Company.
  • Surendra Sai and his associates resisted the British and successfully protected most parts of Western Odisha region for some time from the British rule.
  • Most of them died unnoticed fighting for freedom from the British. Many of them were hanged by the British; a few died in the Cellular Jail in the Andamans. Surendra Sai died in Asirgarh Jail on 23 May 1884.
  • Renaming of the Jharsuguda airport in his name will fulfill long-pending demand of the Odisha Government, which reflects the sentiments of the local public of the respective area.
  • It will also be a befitting tribute to the contribution of the revered personality associated with the State.

Defence

Exercise DHARMA GUARDIAN 2018

What

  • Exercise DHARMA GUARDIAN - 2018, a joint military exercise between Indian & Japanese Armies, commenced at Counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School, Vairengete, Mizoram, India on 01 November 2018.
  • The Japanese contingent
  • is being represented by 32nd Infantry Battalion, while the Indian side is being represented by 6/1 Gorkha Rifles.
  • Approximately one platoon strength each of both the battalions is participating in this exercise. The opening ceremony was given a patriotic start by contingents of both the countries singing their respective national anthems.

Connect to the exercise

  • Being first of its kind, the 14 days long joint exercise is being conducted from 01 Nov 2018 to 14 Nov 2018.
  • The exercise will consist of a balance of indoor classes and outdoor training activities.
  • The objective of this exercise is to build and promote army to army relations in addition to exchanging skills and experiences between both the armies.
  • Due emphasis will be laid on enhancing tactical skills to fight against global terrorism and on increasing interoperability between forces of both countries which is crucial for the success of any joint operation.

Environment, Forest and Climate Change

10 Day Long Clean Air Campaign Launched In Delhi and Four Major NCR Cities

  • An aggressive ten day long Clean Air Campaign from 01st to 10th November, 2018
  • To monitor and report polluting activities as well as to ensure quick action, 52 teams were jointly flagged off by Union Minister for Environment, Forest &Climate Change and the Minister from Government of Delhi.
  • These teams will be visiting different parts of Delhi and adjacent towns of Faridabad, Gurugram, Ghaziabad and Noida.
  • Stepping up on mitigation efforts, pilot project, Pariyayantra by a group of scientists from Manav Rachna Educational Institutions was also inaugurated
  • wherein air enters the filters that are mounted on roof tops of city buses and gets purified of particulate matter as these buses move.
  • The pilot project has deployed 30 buses mounted with these devices.

Health and Family Welfare

1st Annual Senior Care Conclave - Igniting Industry for India’s Ageing Sector

  • The 1st Annual Senior Care Conclave’ organised by Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)

Senior care services

  • The rapidly changing global demographics have resulted in a sharp rise in the demand for senior care services.
  • Health services are to be designed in such way that there is a complete coordination across the thread of care providers to cure acute conditions and symptoms
  • CII Report“Igniting Potential in Senior Care Services”

Connect to NPHCE

  • National Programme for the Health Care of Elderly (NPHCE) addresses various health related issues of the elderly people and the programme is an articulation of the international and national commitments of the government.
  • The programme is State oriented and basic thrust of the programme is to provide dedicated health care facilities to the senior citizens (>60 year of age) at various level of primary, secondary and tertiary health care
  • The basic aim of the NPHCE Programme is to provide dedicated, specialized and comprehensive health care to the senior citizens at various levels of state health care delivery system including outreach services.
  • NPHCE was launched in 100 identified districts of 21 States and Eight Regional Geriatrics Centres in selected medical colleges as referral units during the 11th Plan period.

Connect to CII

  • The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) works to create and sustain an environment conducive to the development of India, partnering industry, Government, and civil society, through advisory and consultative processes.
  • CII is a non-government, not-for-profit, industry-led and industry-managed organization, playing a proactive role in India's development process.
  • Founded in 1895, India's premier business association has around 9000 members, from the private as well as public sectors, including SMEs and MNCs, and an indirect membership of over 300,000 enterprises from around 265 national and regional sectoral industry bodies.
  • CII charts change by working closely with Government on policy issues, interfacing with thought leaders, and enhancing efficiency, competitiveness and business opportunities for industry through a range of specialized services and strategic global linkages.
  • It also provides a platform for consensus-building and networking on key issues.
  • Extending its agenda beyond business, CII assists industry to identify and execute corporate citizenship programmes.
  • Partnerships with civil society organizations carry forward corporate initiatives for integrated and inclusive development across diverse domains including affirmative action, healthcare, education, livelihood, diversity management, skill development, empowerment of women, and water, to name a few.
  • As a developmental institution working towards India's overall growth with a special focus on India@75 in 2022, the CII theme for 2018-19, India RISE : Responsible. Inclusive. Sustainable. Entrepreneurial

Railway Reforms

All-India Unreserved Mobile Ticketing facility (UTS on Mobile) launched by Ministry of Railways
The facility of booking unreserved tickets, including season tickets and also platform tickets is available through the ‘UTSONMOBILE’ app available for Android, IOS and Windows phones.

What

  • Ministry of Railways has introduced Unreserved Mobile Ticketing with a view to promote three C’s- Cashless transactions (Digital payment), Contact less ticketing (no need to physically visit the point of sale) and Customer convenience and experience.
  • As a big leap, booking of unreserved tickets on all non-suburban sections across all Zonal Railways has been made available from 1st November to enable seamless booking of unreserved tickets all over Indian Railways which will obviate the need for passengers to wait in queues for purchasing the tickets.
  • The facility of booking unreserved tickets, including season tickets and also platform tickets is available through the ‘UTSONMOBILE’ app available for Android, IOS and Windows phones.

Connect to the benefits of the App

  • Mobile Ticketing shall promote 3C’s- Cashless transactions, Contact less ticketing and Customer convenience.
  • Seamless booking of unreserved tickets all over Indian Railways.
  • Obviate the need for passengers to wait in queues for purchasing the tickets and enhance the experience for booking unreserved tickets – journey, season tickets, platform tickets.
  • Environment friendly.

Connect to the App

  • ‘UTSONMOBILE’ application available for Android, IOS, Windows phones. Can be downloaded from Google play or window store.
  • Application ‘in house’ developed by Indian Railway- CRIS.

Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation

Urban Cafe: River for Habitat

What

  • The National Mission for Clean Ganga partnered with UN Habitat to organize a policy dialogue- ‘Urban Cafe: River for Habitat’

Why

  • On the occasion of World Cities Day 2018
  • To discuss the deep association that rivers have with various aspects of human civilization – our cities, our economy and various facets of our daily lives, the challenges to maintaining healthy river ecosystems and ways to deal with the same.
  • The panelists emphasized on the intrinsic relationship between river and economy which has to be a win-win situation for both.
  • River and river basins should be seen as ‘national capital or asset’.
  • They also stressed on developing an Urban River Plan from where the river enters the city and where it exits.
  • Emphasizing the importance of ghats, the experts further noted that not only do ghats connect river to the people but also promote safety of the river and people.
  • The experts further stressed upon advocacy and resolve combined with public participation as vital elements for restoring our river ecosystems.

Environment Protection

Oceans heating faster: study

What

  • The world’s oceans have absorbed 60% more heat than previously thought over the last quarter of a century,leaving Earth more sensitive still to the effects of climate change.
  • Oceans cover more than two thirds of the planet’s surface and play a vital role in sustaining life on Earth.
  • Scientists from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said that the world’s oceans have absorbed 90% of the temperature rise caused by man-made carbon emissions.
  • But new research published in the journal Nature used a novel method of measuring ocean temperature.
  • It found that for each of the last 25 years, oceans had absorbed heat energy equivalent to 150 times the amount of electricity mankind produces annually.
  • That is 60% higher than what previous studies showed.

Role of Oxygen and carbon dioxide.

  • While those studies relied on tallying the excess heat produced by known man-made greenhouse gas emissions, a team of U.S.-based scientists focussed on two gases found naturally in the atmosphere — Oxygen and carbon dioxide.
  • Both gases are soluble in water, but the rate at which water absorbs them decreases as it warms.
  • By measuring atmospheric oxygen and CO2 for each year, scientists were able to more accurately estimate how much heat oceans had absorbed on a global scale.