Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - November 28, 2018

Science & Technology

ISRO’s imaging satellite HysIS Hyperspectral imaging camera on board can provide high definition images

What

  • HysIS, the country's first hyperspectral imaging satellite for advanced earth observation, is slated for launch on Thursday from Sriharikota.
  • About 30 small satellites of foreign customers will be ferried on the PSLV launcher, numbered C-43, the Indian Space Research Organisation has announced.
  • They will go into an orbit different from that of HysIS.

Connect to hyperspectral imaging satellite

  • A hyperspectral imaging camera in space can provide well-defined images that can help identify objects on earth far more clearly than regular optical or remote sensing cameras
  • The technology will be an added advantage in watching over India from space across sectors including defence, agriculture, land use and mineral exploration.
  • The new ‘eye in the sky’ can be used to even mark out a suspect object or person on the ground and separate it from the background with applications in transborder infiltration etc.
  • The primary goal of HysIS is to study the Earth’s surface in visible, near-infrared and shortwave infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum.
  • HysIS will be ISRO's first full-scale working satellite with this capability.
  • While the technology has been around, not many space agencies have working satellites with hyperspectral imaging cameras as yet.
  • The November 29 PSLV flight would last eight minutes short of two hours, making it the third longest, low-earth mission of ISRO.
  • The satellites would be ejected in two orbits by restarting the rocket's fourth-stage engine twice.
  • The PSLV, flying in its core-alone format, will first release HysIS to an orbit at 636 km 17 minutes after launch.
  • The engine of the rocket's fourth stage will be restarted twice — once an hour from launch and again 47 minutes later.

CSIR to establish a High-End Skill Development Centre in Chandigarh

What

  • India’s premier National Research Laboratory CSIR-Institute of Microbial Technology (CSIR-IMTECH) announced a new partnership with Merck, a leading German science and technology company, to establish a ‘High End Skill Development Centre’ in CSIR-IMTECH, Chandigarh.

Connect to High End Skill Development Centre

  • Equipped with the next generation technologies, like gene editing & single-molecule biomarker detection, the centre will help accelerate healthcare research and train Indian students and researchers in latest life science technologies and make them industry ready.
  • Merck in collaboration with CSIR-IMTECH will use their expertise in Life Science to build a centre which will help researchers and students develop advanced competencies and analytical skills required for life science research.
  • This will be a first of its kind, Academia-Industry-led, ‘High End Skill Development Centre’ laboratory in Chandigarh that has been established to augment Government of India’s initiative for skilling India in the area of Life Science.
  • This ‘High End Skill Development Centre’ will enrich skills by conducting workshops, trainings and seminar series on cutting edges life science processes, tools and techniques.
  • The centre will facilitate hands-on experience to learning and real time sample analysis.
  • The proposed state of the art Centre will integrate Work-based and Research-based learning by providing next generation lab set-up for carrying out real time sample analysis and learning workshops for selected group of technologies in the domain of Life Sciences.
  • This High-End Skill Development Centre will function on the principle of “no-profit, no-loss” basis and has been primarily created to augment Government of India’s initiative for building skills in the area of Life Science.

Defence

Raksha Mantri Launches ‘Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti’

What

  • Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman has formally launched ‘Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti’.
  • The event showcased salient inventions and innovations achieved by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs) and Ordnance Factories (OFs) which have resulted in successful filing of Intellectual Property Right (IPR) applications.
  • The efforts of Department of Defence Production and Directorate General Quality Assurance (DGQA) for focused efforts in spreading awareness about IPR, thus promoting a culture of innovation and creation of Intellectual Property.

Role of IPR

  • The IPR has emerged as a key ingredient of an ecosystem which stimulates innovation and ingenuity.
  • An IP Facilitation Cell was established in April this year which has worked tirelessly to achieve ambitious targets of training 10,000 personnel of OFB and DPSUs on IPR and to facilitate filing of at least 1,000 new IPR applications.

Mission Raksha GyanShakti’

  • To enhance self-reliance in defence, the Department of Defence Production has instituted a new framework titled ‘Mission Raksha GyanShakti’ which aims to provide a boost to the IPR culture in indigenous defence industry.
  • The Directorate General of Quality Assurance (DGQA) has been entrusted with the responsibility of coordinating and implementing the programme.
  • The event brought out that the end objective of ‘Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti’ is to inculcate IP culture in Indian defence manufacturing ecosystem.

Agreements

Government of India and Asian Development Bank (ADB) Signs $75 Million Loan to Improve Urban Services in 4 Karnataka Towns

What

  • Government of India and the Asian Development Bank signed a $75 million loan to provide 24 x7 water supply in Karnataka’s four coastal towns of Kundapura, Mangalore Puttur and Udupi and improve sanitation infrastructure for Mangalore town.

Karnataka Integrated Urban Water Management Investment Program

  • The Program, approved by ADB Board in 2014, aims to improve urban water resource management in selected river basins in Karnataka through modernization and expansion of urban water supply and sanitation infrastructure and strengthening institutions to improve water use efficiency, water resource planning, monitoring and service delivery.
  • The $75 million tranche 1 loan is helping strengthen urban water supply and sanitation services in three other towns of the State - Byadagi, Davangere, and Harihar.
  • The investment program is supporting four coastal towns in Karnataka to provide continuous piped water supply to people, and promote efficient and sustainable use of water.
  • It will also adopt information technology based smart water management system and undertake community awareness programs on water conservation and demand management,

Performance-based construct and operate contract (PBCOC)

  • The provision of performance-based construct and operate contract (PBCOC) modality, piloted by ADB in another urban project in the state, will help ensure the sustainable water service delivery through the optimal risk allocation between the public sector and private water operator.

Home Affairs

14thFormation Day of NDMA

What

  • The Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Kiren Rijiju, inaugurated the 14th Formation Day of National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)
  • The theme of this year’s Formation Day is ‘Early Warning for Disasters’.

Connect to NDMA

  • Over the past 13 years since its formation, NDMA has contributed a great deal not only for effective disaster response, which is visible, but towards overall disaster risk reduction.
  • Shri Jain also informed about the Prime Minister’s initiative to give awards annually for outstanding contribution by individuals and institutions in the area of disaster management. He said that the entries of the same will be open shortly.
  • Early warning is a major element of disaster risk reduction and can minimise the loss of lives and economic impacts. Timely early warning is key to a structured and efficient response.
  • To be effective, early warning systems need to involve the communities at risk, generate public awareness, effectively disseminate warnings and ensure there is a constant state of preparedness.

National Disaster Management Authority

  • NDMA is an agency of the Ministry of Home Affairs whose primary purpose is to coordinate response to natural or man-made disasters and for capacity-building in disaster resiliency and crisis response.
  • NDMA was established through the Disaster Management Act enacted by the Government of India in 30 May 2005.
  • The Prime Minister is the ex-officio chairperson of the same.
  • The agency is responsible for framing policies, laying down guidelines and best-practices and coordinating with the State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMAs) to ensure a holistic and distributed approach to disaster management.
  • By a 9-member board chaired by the Prime Minister of India.
  • The remainder of the board consists of members nominated based on their expertise in areas such as, planning, infrastructure management, communications, meteorology and natural sciences.
  • The day-to-day management of the agency is overseen by the office of the Vice Chair.

NDMA is operationally organized into the following divisions:

  • Policy & Planning
  • Mitigation
  • Operations & Communications
  • Administration
  • Capacity Building

National events

Constitution Day (National Law Day)

What

  • Also known as Samvidhan Divas, is celebrated in India on 26 November every year to commemorate the adoption of Constitution of India.
  • On 26 November 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India, and it came into effect on 26 January 1950.

Connect to the day

  • The Government of India declared 26 November as Constitution Day on 19 November 2015 by a gazette notification.
  • The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi made the declaration on 11 October 2015 while laying the foundation stone of the B. R. Ambedkar memorial in Mumbai.
  • The year of 2015 was the 125th birth anniversary of Ambedkar, who had chaired the drafting committee of the Constituent Assembly and played a pivotal role in the drafting of the constitution.
  • Previously this day was celebrated as Law Day.
  • 26 November was chosen to spread the importance of the constitution and to spread thoughts and ideas of Ambedkar.

Sources – PIB ,The Hindu , Livemint