Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - October 17, 2018

Women and Child Development

What

  • A Victim of Child Sexual Abuse can file a complaint at any time irrespective of his/her present age

Suggestion forwarded by MoW&CD

  • The Ministry of Women and Child Development had recently consulted Ministry of Law in view of the overriding provisions of the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act over other criminal laws and provisions of mandatory reporting of such offences.

No limitation period

  • The Ministry of Law after examining the provisions of POCSO Act vis-à-vis provisions of CrPC has advised that there appears no period of limitation mentioned in Section 19 in regard to reporting of the offences under the POCSO Act, 2012.
  • The POCSO Act does not provide for any period of limitation for reporting the child sexual offences.
  • Now any victim, at any age, can complain the sexual abuse faced by him/her as a child through POCSO e-Box.
  • Often, children are unable to report such crimes as the perpetrator in most cases is either a family member, a relative or closely known person. Studies have also shown that the child continues to carry the trauma of sexual abuse till very late in life.
  • In order to overcome this trauma many grown up people have started coming out to report the abuse faced by them as children.

Connect to POCSO act

  • The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act(POCSO), Act 2012, came into force on 14.11.2012. It is a gender neutral Act which has been enacted to strengthen the legal provisions for the protection of children from sexual abuse and exploitation.
  • The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 defines a child as any person below the age of 18 years and provides protection to all children under the age of 18 years from the offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography.

Fair/Events/Seminars

6th India International Silk Fair

What

  • Union Minister of Textiles, Smriti Zubin Irani, inaugurated the 6th India International Silk Fair (IISF)

Connect to the exhibition

  • 108 exhibitors from all over the country including 10 from North East and 9 from J&K are participating in the 3-day fair. 147 buyers registered their presence.
  • The largest contingent of buyers is from Vietnam followed by Sri Lanka, Australia, Kuwait and Egypt.
  • India is the 2nd largest producer of silk after China and is emerging as a leading exporter. The Indian products are in demand in USA, UK, Vietnam and Sri Lanka.
  • The 3-days exhibition is expected to generate business of over USD 20 million for the SMEs engaged in producing silk and silk blended garments, fabrics, accessories and floor covering.
  • The Indian Silk Export Promotion Council is also organizing B2B meeting of participants with buyers and a Fashion Show of the participants.

Connect to ISEPC

  • The Indian Silk Export Promotion Council (ISEPC) was set up in 1983 as a company not for profit under Companies Act duly sponsored by the Government of India in the Ministry of Textiles.
  • The Council as on date has a membership of 853 regular exporters of Silk goods whereas more than 1800 exporters have registered with the Council.
  • ISEPC works closely with the Government of India on policy formulation concerning silk sector and provides specialized services to the entrepreneurs enlarging global business opportunities for the silk industry in India.

Banking

Interoperability among prepaid payment instruments RBI allows PPIs to issue cards using networks such as Mastercard, Visa, RuPay

What

  • The Reserve Bank of India has released the guidelines for interoperability between prepaid payment instruments (PPIs) such as wallets and cards that will effectively allow users of popular payment wallets such as Paytm, Freecharge, Mobikwik, PhonePe and PayZapp, among others, to transfer money from one wallet to another.
  • RBI said that wallets could implement interoperability through the Unified Payment Interface (UPI).
  • The RBI also allowed PPIs to issue cards using authorised card networks such as Mastercard, Visa or RuPay.

Prepaid payment instruments (PPIs)

  • PPIs are issued in the form of wallets, interoperability across PPIs shall be enabled through UPI... Where PPIs are issued in the form of cards, the cards shall be affiliated to the authorised card networks
  • PPI issuers shall adhere to all the requirements of card networks/UPI, including membership type and criteria, merchant on-boarding, adherence to various standards, rules and regulations applicable to the specific payment system such as technical requirements, certifications and audit requirements, governance.
  • The guidelines, while boosting the e-wallet segment, would also ensure the safety and accuracy of the transfer of money by individuals from one wallet to another.
  • It is a progressive move for non-bank players and would lay the foundation to reach the under-banked and unbanked segment with a powerful payment product.

Rural Development

Roshni

What

  • Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM), Ministry of Rural Development and Lady Irwin College, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) here today for establishing ROSHNI – Centre of Women Collectives led Social Action.

What is ROSHNI

  • ROSHNI is technically and financially supported by UNICEF India serving as a technical support unit at national level for DAY-NRLM and is embedded in the Department of Development Communication and Extension, Lady Irwin College, New Delhi.
  • Roshni aims to work with women collectives for social action on FHNW interventions in alignment with DAY-NRLM Dashasutra strategy and supporting implementation of convergent action plan under POSHAN Abhiyaan.
  • Roshni will learn from Swabhimaan and similar models, and extend support to DAY-NRLM for expanding the scope of FHNW interventions.
  • The Centre will lead knowledge creation, capacity building for scale-up of convergent action plan, learning and re- learning in Swabhimaan sites and provide policy guidance to DAY-NRLM on POSHAN Abhiyaan initiatives.

DAY -NRLM

  • DAY-NRLM aims to reach out to 8-10 crore rural poor households (based on SECC 2011) in a time bound manner, and, stay engaged with them till they come out of abject poverty.
  • It envisions breaking the self-perpetuating cycle of malnutrition- illness- out-of-pocket expenditure for treatment-poverty through its savings and enterprise approach and layering of Food, Health, Nutrition and WASH (FHNW) interventions through Self-help groups (SHG) and their federations.
  • This is also referred to DAY-NRLM’s Dashasutra (10 principles) strategy.

National

Youth Road Safety Learners Licence programme

Launched by

  • Union Ministry of Road Transport & Highways
  • A PPP initiative
  • It is Public–private partnership (PPP) initiative in collaboration with Diageo India and Institute of Road Traffic Education (IRTE).

Connect to Youth Road Safety Learners Licence Programme

  • It is first-of-its-kind training programme in the country which aims to bring formal and structured training program for young, first-time drivers as they apply for learner’s license.
  • Its long-term objective is at improving road safety awareness amongst young adults by inculcating behavioural change and creating awareness about responsible driving habits.
  • This programme will help Government to achieve its target of reducing road accidents by 50% by 2020.

Railway Reforms

Ask Disha (Digital Interaction to Seek Help Anytime)

Launched by

  • Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC)

What

  • It is an Artificial Intelligence (AI) powered chatbot– Ask Disha ((Digital Interaction to Seek Help Anytime) to help its users answer various queries.
  • The chatbot is special computer programme designed to simulate conversation with users, especially over the internet.
  • It has gone live on IRCTC’s next-gen e ticketing website and soon will be integrated on the IRCTC Rail Connect Android app.

Connect to Ask Disha

  • The first-of-its-kind initiative by IRCTC is aimed at facilitating accessibility by answering users’ queries pertaining to various services offered to railway passengers.
  • The chatbot is voice enabled and will support several regional languages in the near future.
  • It will offer greatly improved and intuitive customer support by answering customer queries pertaining to all aspects of the services that IRCTC provides.

NITI Aayog

NITI Aayog to launch Guidelines for PPP in Treatment of non-communicable diseases Model Concessionaire Agreement (MCA)

What

  • The contribution of non-communicable diseases (NCD) to the overall disease burden in the country has increased over the years.
  • In the past many district hospitals in the country have focused mainly on communicable diseases and reproductive and child health. As a result of which the capacity for handling NCD cases has not been adequately developed.
  • The NITI Aayog and MoHFW has worked with State Govts. and representatives from the healthcare industry to develop the Model Concessionaire Agreements (MCA) to supplement efforts for the provision of prevention and treatment services for non-communicable diseases (Cardiac Sciences, Oncology, and Pulmonary Sciences) at the district hospital particularly especially in tier 2 & 3 cities.

Sources – PIB , The Hindu , Indian Express