Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - October 2, 2017

International Day

30 September: International Translation Day

  • The International Translation Day was observed by United Nations for first time on 30 September 2017.
  • The observance of day seeks to recognize contribution of unsung heroes behind international diplomacy who work as language professionals
  • The International Translation Day was instituted by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in May 2017 by adopting resolution 71/288

International Day of Older Person (IDOP) – 1 October

  • The International Day of Older Persons (IDOP) is observed every year on October 1 to raise awareness about issues affecting elderly and to appreciate contributions that older people make to society.
  • It also seeks to raise awareness about issues affecting elderly, such as senescence and elder abuse.
  • The theme for this year is “Stepping into the Future: Tapping the Talents, Contributions and Participation of Older Persons in Society”.
  • It aims to explore effective means of promoting and strengthening the participation of older persons in various aspects of social, cultural, economic and civic and political life.

Enlighten about the day

  • The International Day of Older Persons was instituted by United Nations General Assembly by adopting resolution 45/106 in December 1990 for raising awareness about issues affecting the elderly, such as senescence and elder abuse.
  • It is also a day to appreciate the contributions that older people make to society.
  • The observance of the day is also focus of ageing organizations and the United

World Bank Report

Learning crisis in education in developing countries like India : WORLD BANK REPORT

Report - World Development Report 2018: ‘Learning to Realise Education’s Promise

  • It has warned of a learning crisis in global education particularly in low and middle-income countries like India
  • The report underlines that schooling without learning is not just a wasted development opportunity, but also a great injustice to children worldwide

Enlighten about the report

  • According to the report, India ranks second after Malawi in a list of 12 countries wherein a grade two student could not read a single word of a short text
  • India also tops the list of seven countries in which a grade two student could not perform two-digit subtraction
  • This learning crisis is widening social gaps instead of narrowing them

Recommendation from the report

  • The report recommends concrete policy steps to help developing countries resolve this learning crisis in the areas of stronger learning assessments

How to rectify this –

  • By using evidence of what works and what doesn’t to guide education decision-making
  • Mobilising a strong social movement to push for education changes that champion ‘learning for all’


ARPAN 3.0: Government rolls out new automation software for Defence Security Corps

What -

  • Arpan 3.0 - Army Record Office Process Automation


  • Defence Ministry

Enlighten about it –

  • A new automation software for Defence Security Corps personnel to ease personal documentation and all issues related to their progression.
  • The software was jointly developed by Army Software Development Centre (ASDC) and Tech Mahindra, using state-of-the-art web-based technology.
  • ARPAN 3.0 will provide over 12 lakh soldiers of Indian Army easy access to their service records including pay and leave details and transfer and postings among other.
  • It consists of seven modules facilitating end to end human resource, financial management of Junior Commissioned Officers (JCOs) and Other Ranks with major functional advantages of timely processing of postings, promotions, release of salary, publication of personal occurrences and processing of pension has been rolled out by DCOAS (IS &T) for the Defence Security Corps.

Niti Aayog

NITI Aayog to host Global Entrepreneurship Summit 2017 in Hyderabad

  • The National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog in partnership with US Government is going to host 8th annual Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES 2017) in Hyderabad (Telangana) from November 28 to 30, 2017.
  • The theme for this year is “Women First, Prosperity for All” to celebrate entrepreneurship in all its strength, diversity and entirety. This is the first time GES is being held in South Asia.

Enlighten about GES

  • GES 2017 aims to empower Indian entrepreneurs to pitch their ideas, build partnerships, secure funding, and create innovative products and services that will transform societies for better future.
  • It will not only bring global best practices to India, but also create irreplaceable place for India in global entrepreneurial ecosystem.
  • The four primary focus areas of GES 2017 are
  • Digital Economy and Financial Technology
  • Health Care and Life Sciences
  • Energy and Infrastructure, and
  • Media and Entertainment.
  • The summit will deliberate on four key sectors, focus on critical aspects of entrepreneurship and host interactive sessions between panelists and audience.

Disaster Management

VNL, BSNL ink MoU to launch Relief 123 service for disaster management in India

  • Domestic telecom equipment provider Vihaan Networks Limited (VNL) signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) to launch Relief 123 service to provide disaster management in India.

Relief 123 service

  • The Relief 123 service is an integrated disaster response solution for first responders and public safety agencies.
  • It has been designed and manufactured by VNL. BSNL will provide backhaul connectivity to it.

Enlighten about the service

  • The Relief 123 service is based on “ResQMobil”, an integrated portable communication solution which packs in the required hardware into a portable transportable trailer-on-wheels
  • The comprehensive communication solution aims to bring BSNL and disaster management agencies viz. National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) and National Disaster Relief Force (NDRF) on one platform for better coordination.
  • The service will restore connectivity at disaster sites, help locate affected people and integrate information across platforms for quick relief.