Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - October 22, 2018

National

National Police Memorial An award announced in the name of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose

What

  • The National Police Commemoration Day is observed on October 21 every year to pay homage to the 10 men of the Central Reserve Police Force killed in an ambush by Chinese troops in 1959 in Ladakh’s Hot Spring area.
  • The Prime Minister dedicated the National Police Memorial to the nation, on Police Commemoration Day

Connect to the award announced

  • The Prime Minister announced an award in the name of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, to honour those involved in disaster response operations.
  • The award will highlights the contributions and sacrifices of National Disaster Response Forces and State Disaster Response Forces.
  • The award would be announced every year, recognizing the bravery and courage displayed in saving lives of people, in the wake of a disaster.

Connect to National Police Memorial

  • National Police Memorial would inspire the citizens and educate them about the bravery of police and paramilitary personnel.
  • The National Police Memorial consists of Central Sculpture, a Wall of Valour-engraved with the names of police personnel who laid down their lives in the line of duty and a State of Art Museum dedicated to the memory of the martyred police personnel.

75 years of Azad Hind Government

Connect to Azad Hind Government

  • Bose had announced the formation of the country's first independent government - 'Azad Hind Government' - on October 21, 1943.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday hoisted tricolour at the Red Fort to mark the 75th anniversary of the 'Azad Hind Government' headed by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
  • Traditionally, the prime minister hoists the national tricolour at the historic Red Fort on Independence Day on August 15.
  • The Prime Minister would also lay the foundation stone of a museum dedicated to the Azad Hind Fauj.

Connect to the inception

  • Bose had announced the formation of the country's first independent government - 'Azad Hind Government' - on October 21, 1943.
  • Azad Hind Fauj or the Indian National Army was formed by Indian nationalists in 1942 in Southeast Asia during World War II to secure Indian independence from British rule.
  • The Azad Hind Fauj was first established by Captain General Mohan Singh in Singapore in 1942 but was later disbanded. With the help of Indians living in Southeast Asia, Bose revived the INA and assumed charge of it.
  • On October 21, 1943, he assumed charge of the Supreme Command of the INA and announced proclaimation of the Azad Hind Government. A great orator, Netaji gave a clarion call of independence with his famous ‘Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom!’ speech. The speech was made in Burma in 1944 to members of the Indian National Army.
  • His army clashed with the British forces around Imphal and Kohima in 1944. Britain's struggle to repel a combined force of Netaji-led INA and Japan during World War II, around Imphal and Kohima in 1944 has been adjudged as the 'greatest ever battle involving British forces' in a contest run by the National Army Museum in London.

NITI Aayog

4th Edition of NITI Lecture Series Theme: “AI for ALL: Leveraging Artificial Intelligence for Inclusive Growth”

What

  • NITI Aayog is organizing the fourth edition of NITI Lecture Series at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi
  • The theme this year is “AI for ALL: Leveraging Artificial Intelligence for Inclusive Growth”.

Connect to AI and NITI

  • Artificial intelligence is the use of computers to simulate human intelligence.
  • AI amplifies our cognitive abilities — letting us solve problems where the complexity is too great, the information is incomplete, or the details are too subtle and require expert training.
  • Union Budget-2018 mandated NITI Aayog to come up with a national programme on employing Artificial Intelligence towards national development. NITI has, since, published a National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence.
  • National Strategy lays down the vision of India for evolving a robust ecosystem for AI research and adoption.
  • The Strategy is termed #AIForAll as it is focused on leveraging AI for inclusive growth in line with the Government policy of Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas.

Statement of intent

  • NITI Aayog has signed Statements of Intent (SoI) with industry leaders such as Google, Microsoft and IBM to leapfrog India into the global arena of future technologies and enable use of artificial intelligence in key, high gain sectors of social development – healthcare, agriculture, smart mobility, education and infrastructure.
  • In order to demonstrate impact of AI, multiple pilot projects have been launched in the areas of precision agriculture, creating AI led healthcare solutions, and bridging India’s diversity of languages by creating a digital “Ek Bharat, Shrestha Bharat” platform using Natural Language Processing (NLP).
  • NLP is a system of protocols which allow machines or computers to understand and interact with human speech and symbols.

4th Industrial revolution

  • The Prime Minister in his address at the launch of the World Economic Forum (WEF) Centre for Fourth Industrial Revolution has underlined that with each wave of new technology, new opportunities arise.
  • The rise of Artificial Intelligence will help improve productivity and lead to equitable development.
  • Recognising the importance of research and its commercial adoption in success of AI, NITI has also proposed setting up of Centre of Research Excellence (CORE) to focus on developing better understanding of existing core research.

Connect to NITI Lecture Series

  • The 'NITI Lectures: Transforming India' was inaugurated by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on August 26, 2016 and since been held annually, featuring eminent speakers from across the world.
  • The first key note address – ‘India and the Global Economy’ - was delivered by the Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore, Shri Tharman Shanmugaratnam.
  • Second address- Bill Gates, Co-Founder, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation delivered the Second lecture in the high-powered lecture series on 'Technology and Transformation' on the November 16, 2016
  • Third address – May 25, 2017, Dr. Michael Porter, the Bishop William Lawrence University Professor at Harvard Business School, delivered the Third Transforming India Lecture, titled ‘Competitiveness of Nations and States: New Insights’.
  • Vision - The vision of disseminating cutting-edge, innovative ideas in development policy to India
  • Through the lectures, NITI Aayog has been bringing policy makers, academics, experts and administrators of global repute to India.
  • The aim of the series is to enable learning, both at the Centre & States, from successful development practice world over.

Defence

Cope India

What

  • India and US have agreed to elevate their bilateral ‘Cope India’ air exercise to trilateral format by including Japan.
  • The next edition of this exercise is scheduled to be held in December 2018

Inclusion of Japan

  • During the annual Defence Ministerial Meeting held in August 2018 between Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and her Japanese counterpart Itsunori Onodera, it was agreed that Japan will send observers for the next round of Cope India exercises between India and US to be hosted by Indian Air Force.

Connect to the trilateral exercise

  • The trilateral Cope India air exercise will be a small-level exercise involving transport aircraft.
  • It will be scaled up in subsequent editions. Japan will be sending observers to this exercise.
  • The three countries already are conducting trilateral naval war games under expanded Malabar naval exercise.

Connect to Cope India

  • It is series of international Air Force exercises between Indian Air Force (IAF) and United States Air Force conducted on and over Indian soil.
  • The first such exercise was conducted at IAF air force station in Gwalior from February 2004.
  • The exercise included flight tests, practice and demonstrations as well as lectures on subjects related to aviation.

Prizes/Medals

Presidential Medal for Combating Human Trafficking Indian-American Minal Patel Davis

  • She was awarded for her extraordinary contribution towards combating human trafficking.

Connect to the award

  • It is US’s highest honour in the field.

Minal Patel Davis

  • She is special advisor on Human Trafficking to Houston Mayor Sylvester Turner.
  • She was appointed to this post in July 2015 and since then she has made local impact on human trafficking

Sources – The Hindu, PIB, vikaspedia