Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - October 25, 2018

Focus Article

Connect to Central Bureau of Investigation

  • Set up in 1963 by a resolution of Ministry of Home Affairs
  • Recommended by Santhanam Committee on Prevention of Corruption
  • Motto : Industry, Impartiality and Integrity
  • Now it is an attached office in Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
  • Derives powers from Delhi Special Police Establishment Act 1946
  • Main investigation agency of the central government

Connect to the inception

  • The Special Police Establishment set up in 1941
  • A Central gov Police force, headquarters at Lahore, set up by gov to investigate bribery and corruption in transactions with the War and Supply Department of India
  • Later on it transferred to Home Department by Delhi Special Police Establishment Act 1946
  • The founding director of CBI D.P. Kohli saw the potential in Special Police Establishment to grow into a National Investigation Agency
  • Scope enlarged to cover all departments of Government of India

Connect to the responsibility and duty of CBI

  • The CBI is headed by Director who is assisted by a special director or an additional director
  • The CBI has dual responsibility to investigate grievous cases and provide leadership and direction in fighting corruption to the police force across the country
  • Role in prevention of corruption and maintaining integrity in administration
  • Investigating in crimes such as murder, kidnapping and terrorism
  • Assists Central Vigilance Commission and Lokpal

Connect to the Jurisdiction of CBI

  • Central government may extend its jurisdiction to any area, with the consent of State government
  • The SC and HC can order CBI to investigate without the State's consent

Exempted from RTI –

  • Government of India Along with NIA, DGI-T and Natgrid, CBI is exempt from RTI

Appointed by a committee consist of

  • PM, Leader of opposition , CJI or such Judge (views of outgoing Director also considered)
  • The Director is responsible for the administration of the organization
  • The tenure security of 2 years provided by the CVC act of 2003
  • Under CVC Act 2003, superintendence of Delhi Special Police Establishment vests with Central government
  • Except investigations under PCA 1988, in which superintendence is with CVC

Connect to the Criticism

  • Criticised for being a 'caged parrot speaking in its masters' voice'
  • Charges of Corruption, wrongful persecution, nepotism and corruption
  • Political interference

Bilateral Relations

Sittwe Port

What

  • India and Myanmar inked MoU for appointment of private port operator for Operation and Maintenance (O&M) of Sittwe Port, Paletwa Inland Water Terminal and associated facilities included in Kaladan Multi Model Transit Transport Project.

Connect to Sittwe port(Myanmar)

  • It will connect India’s land locked north-east region to Bay of Bengal through Mizoram.
  • It will also provide alternate route to Kolkata.
  • The process of identifying bidders to maintain these facilities will be initiated by floating Request for proposal (RFP).
  • This port will offer new infrastructure for trade including between India and Myanmar.

Connect to this project

  • This project will connect seaport of Kolkata (India) with Sittwe seaport in Myanmar by sea; it will then link Sittwe seaport to Lashio in Myanmar via Kaladan river boat route and then from Lashio to Mizoram in India by road transport.
  • This project will reduce distance from Kolkata to Mizoram by approximately 1000 km and cut travelling time to 3-4 days for transport of goods.
  • It will provide alternative to current route from North East to Kolkata port via chicken neck

India and its neighbourhood

China - signed agreement on internal security cooperation

What

  • The agreement on internal security cooperation aims to strengthen and consolidate assistance in counterterrorism, organised crimes, drug control, human trafficking and exchange of information, marking a new beginning between the two countries.
  • It covers areas of intelligence sharing, exchange programme, sharing of best practices, cooperation in disaster mitigation besides others.
  • The agreement followed first high-level meeting on bilateral security cooperation co-chaired by Rajnath Singh and Zhao.

International

Druzhba 2018 (Friendship 2018)

What

  • A joint bilateral military exercise between Pakistan and Russian

Where

  • This exercise will be organized in north-western hill region in Nowshera district of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa of Pakistan.

Connect to the exercise

  • Druzhba military exercise Druzhba military exercise between Russia and Pakistan was started in 2016.
  • “Druzba” is Russian word, which means “friendship”.
  • Its first edition was held in October, 2016 at Army High Altitude School in Rattu, northern Pakistan.
  • The second edition was held in Russia at Minralney Vody in North Caucasus at an altitude of 2,300 meters above sea level.
  • This will be the third joint military drill between both countries under the bilateral training cooperation agreement.
  • In this edition of exercise, servicemen from two countries’ armed forces will perform tasks at altitude of 1,400 meters above the sea level.

Cabinet Decisions

Creation of Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF)

What

  • The cabinet has given its approval for creation of special Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF).
  • National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD), National Cooperatives Development Corporation (NCDC) and all scheduled Banks (hereinafter referred as Banks) shall be the nodal Loaning Entities.

Connect to the Benefits

  • Creation of fisheries infrastructure facilities both in marine and Inland fisheries sectors.
  • To augment fish production to achieve its target of 15 million tonne by 2020 set under the Blue Revolution; and to achieve a sustainable growth of 8% -9% thereafter to reach the fish production to the level of about 20 MMT by 2022-23.
  • Employment opportunities to over 9.40 lakh fishers/fishermen/fisherfolk and other entrepreneurs in fishing and allied activities.
  • To attract private investment in creation and management of fisheries infrastructure facilities.
  • Adoption of new technologies.

To provide ease of finance

  • FIDF would provide concessional finance to State Governments / UTs and State entities, cooperatives, individuals and entrepreneurs etc., for taking up of the identified investment activities of fisheries development.
  • Under FIDF, loan lending will be over a period of five years from 2018-19 to 2022-23 and maximum repayment will be over a period of 12 years inclusive of moratorium of two years on repayment of principal.

Environment, Forest and Climate Change

Cabinet approves MoU among BRICS Nations on Environmental Cooperation

What

  • The Union Cabinet has given its ex-post facto approval for Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed among the BRICS Nations on Environmental Cooperation.

The MoU identifies the following stress of cooperation:

a) Air quality;
b) Water;
c) Biodiversity;
d) Climate Change; e) Waste Management;
f) Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Sustainable Development Goals; and
g) Other areas of cooperation as mutually agreed upon by the Participants.

Connect to the MoU

  • The MoU will enable establishment and promotion of closer and long-term, cooperation between the BRICS countries in the field of environment protection and management of natural resources on the basis of equity, reciprocity and mutual benefits, taking into account the applicable Jaws find legal provisions in each country.
  • The MoU acknowledges the responsibility of the BRICS nations, an association of the five major economies of the world i.e. Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa comprising of more than 40% of the population of the world, towards the protection, preservation and sustainability of the Environment.
  • The Memorandum of Understanding is expected to bring in the latest technologies and best practices suited for bringing about better environment protection, better conservation, and better management of climate change and wildlife protection/conservation.
  • The MoU shall facilitate exchange of experiences, best practices and technical knowhow through both public and private sectors among the participating BRICS nations and shall contribute to sustainable development, protection and preservation of Environment.

Cabinet approves MoU amongst BRICS nations regarding cooperation in the social and labour sphere

What

  • Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) among Brazil, Russian Federation, India, China, South Africa, regarding Cooperation in the Social and Labour Sphere.

Connect to the MoU

  • In the MoU, the parties including India have agreed to cooperate and hold mutual events in the prominent areas viz. labour legislation and enforcement, protection of workers' rights with focus on vulnerable groups, Employment and labour market policies, Professional education, skills and training and Social protection.
  • The member countries may utilize the BRICS Network of Labour Research Institutes and BRICS Social Security Cooperation Framework for cooperation on Social Security and other labour issues.
  • The Memorandum is not an International Treaty and does not create rights and obligations for the parties governed by international law.

Connect to the Impact

  • The MoU provides a mechanism for cooperation, collaboration and maximum synergy amongst BRICS member countries with the common objective of inclusive growth and shared prosperity in the new industrial revolution.
  • This would facilitate member countries to share knowledge and also implement joint programmes on .matter of Labour and Employment, Social Security and Social dialogue.
  • This would also ensure networking of international Training Centre of International Labour Organisation (ILO) with the BRICS Network of Labour Institutes which includes V.V. Giri National Labour Institute of India.
  • This network would specifically focus on the theme of youth employment and research on new forms of employment.
  • This network will also explore new learning technologies, including virtual network to deepen cooperation, exchange of information and capacity building.
  • The BRICS Social Security cooperation framework will deepen social security cooperation among BRICS nations and would facilitate cooperation for improvement of social security systems and social security agreements among member countries.

International Relations

Chabahar Port

What

  • The first trilateral meeting between India, Afghanistan and Iran
  • The meeting of the Coordination Council of Chabahar Agreement was held in Tehran(Iran)

International transit and transport through Chabahar port

  • The agreement between the countries was signed in 2016 for the establishment of transit and transport corridor among three countries using Chabahar Port as one of regional hubs.

Outcome of the meeting

  • Full operationalisation of Chabahar port will promote connectivity and economic development of Afghanistan and region.
  • In this meeting it was decided to constitute follow-up committee that will hold its first meeting within two months in Chabahar port.

Connect to Chabbar project

  • It is strategically located in Sistan-Balochistan province on energy-rich Iran’s southern coast in Gulf of Oman.
  • It is less than 100 nautical miles from Chinese built port of Gwadar in Pakistan. India in 2003 had rst proposed developing Chabahar port.
  • The port is seen as golden gateway for India to access landlocked markets of Afghanistan and Central Asian markets bypassing Pakistan.
  • India and Iran had signed lease agreement for operation of Shahid Beheshti port or phase 1 of Chabahar in February 2018.

Awards

PM awarded the 2018 Seoul Peace Prize

What

  • The Seoul Peace Prize Committee has decided to confer the 2018 Seoul Peace Prize on Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, in recognition of his dedication to improving international cooperation, raising global economic growth, accelerating the Human Development of the people of India by fostering economic growth in the world's fastest growing large economy and furthering the development of democracy through anti-corruption and social integration efforts.

Modinomics

  • The Award Committee recognized Prime Minister Modi's contributions to the growth of the Indian and global economies, crediting 'Modinomics' for reducing social and economic disparity between the rich and the poor.
  • The Committee lauded PM's initiatives to make the government cleaner through anti-corruption measures and demonetization.
  • The Committee also credited Prime Minister for his contribution towards regional and global peace through a proactive foreign policy with countries around the world under the 'Modi Doctrine' and the 'Act East Policy.'
  • Prime Minister Modi is the fourteenth recipient of this award.

Connect to the Prize

  • The Seoul Peace Prize was established in 1990 to commemorate the success of the 24th Olympic Games held in Seoul, Republic of Korea – an event in which 160 nations from across the world took part, creating harmony and friendship and a worldwide atmosphere of peace and reconciliation.
  • The Seoul Peace Prize was established to crystallize the Korean people's yearning for peace on the Korean Peninsula and in the rest of the world.
  • The Seoul Peace Prize has been awarded biennially to those individuals who have made their mark through contributions to the harmony of mankind, reconciliation between nations and to world peace.
  • Past laureates include distinguished global personalities like former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and renowned international relief organizations like Doctors Without Borders and Oxfam.
  • After assessing over a hundred candidates proposed by over 1300 nominators from around the world, the Award Committee decided to bestow the Prize on Prime Minister Modi

Sources – PIB , The Hindu ,live mint