Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - September 11, 2018

Constitutional Provisions

T.N. recommends release of all seven Rajiv case convicts Governor bound to accept Cabinet decision under Art. 161

What

  • Tamil Nadu Cabinet, chaired by Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami, on Sunday evening recommended to Governor Banwarilal Purohit that all seven life convicts in the former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi assassination case be released under Article 161 of the Constitution.
  • The decision followed the Supreme Court’s observation last week that the Governor shall be at liberty to decide on the remission application of Perarivalan, one of the convicts, “as deemed fit.”

Enlighten about Article 161

  • It empowers the Governor to grant pardons and to suspend, remit or commute sentences of any person convicted of any offence against any law relating to a matter to which the executive power of the State extends.

State’s point of view

  • Governor represents the State. He is the Executive [head] for the State. Whatever decision is taken by the government, it will be implemented, executed and issued by the Governor.

India and its neighbourhood

PM Modi, Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina, CMs of West Bengal and Tripura, jointly dedicate three projects in Bangladesh

  • These include: (a) 500 MW additional power supply from India to Bangladesh, through the existing Bheramara (Bangladesh) - Baharampur (India) interconnection.

(b) Akhaura – Agartala Rail Link
(c) Rehabilitation of the Kulaura-Shahbazpur section of Bangladesh Railways.

Bilateral Relations

Indo - Mongolia joint exercise Nomadic Elephant-2018

What

  • Indo-Mongolia joint exercise Nomadic Elephant-2018, commenced today at Mongolian Armed Forces (MAF) Five Hills Training Area, Ullanbaatar, Mongolia

Enlighten about the exercise

  • The 12 days long joint exercise will be conducted from 10 Sep to 21 Sep 2018.
  • Exercise Nomadic Elephant is an annual, bilateral exercise since 2006 which is designed to strengthen the partnership between Indian Army and Mongolian Armed Forces.
  • The exercise will see them improve their tactical and technical skills in joint counter insurgency and counter terrorist operations in rural and urban scenario under United Nations mandate.
  • The Indian contingent is represented by a contingent of 17 PUNJAB Regiment while the Mongolian contingent is represented by Unit 084 of the Mongolian Armed Forces.
  • During the exercise both sides will jointly train, plan and execute a series of well developed tactical drills for neutralisation of likely threats that may be encountered in urban warfare scenario.
  • Experts from both sides will also hold detailed discussions to share their experience on varied topics for mutual benefits.
  • Exercise Nomadic Elephant-2018 will contribute immensely in developing mutual understanding & respect for each others military and also facilitate in tackling the world wide phenomenon of terrorism.

Defence

Bay of Bengal initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) Field Training Military Exercise (MILEX-18)

What

  • The Inaugural Military Field Training Exercise for the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi Sectoral Technological and Economic Cooperation nations named MILEX-18 scheduled from 10 September 18 to 16 September 18 started
  • Contingents of the member nations came together for the Opening Ceremony.
  • The aim of the forthcoming exercise is to practice the BIMSTEC Nations in planning and conduct of counter terrorist operations.
  • The exercise schedule is focused upon learning of best practices, team building & special tactical level operations in a counter-terrorist environment in semi urban setting.
  • The inaugural edition of the BIMSTEC MILEX 18 was carried out in all Military grandeur, razor edge precision and with complete sanctity that a Military Parade should display.

Successful Air-to-Air Refuelling of LCA Tejas (wet contact)

What

  • In a significant achievement and a major step towards Final Operational Clearance (FOC) of LCA Tejas, the mid-air refuelling of ‘wet contact’ trial for LCA Tejas MK-1 was successfully carried out today from an Indian Air Force base.
  • The trial was a part of the Air-to-Air refuelling flight tests conducted by IAF.
  • Before this ‘wet contact’ trial, the ‘dry contact trials’ were successfully conducted on September 04 & 06, 2018 where the Drogue (basket) extended from the IAF tanker aircraft by a fuel hose, was tracked and plugged into using the aircraft refuelling probe without taking fuel.
  • IAF provided all required support to DRDO including the tanker aircraft for the successful test flight.

Enlighten about air to air refuelling

  • The Air-to-Air refuelling capability for LCA is a ‘force multiplier’ for the IAF, giving the aircraft the potential to stay airborne for much longer periods of time.
  • The enhanced range and endurance in air is expected to provide IAF a host of options in exploiting the operational potential of the LCA as well as to participate in international exercises without having to stage through several locations enroute.

State Specific

Delhi launches doorstep delivery of govt. services

What

  • The Delhi government on Monday launched its ambitious project to deliver public services at the doorstep of residents.
  • From driving licences to marriage certificates, Delhiites can now apply for 40 government documents to be delivered at their homes for a fee of ₹50 per service.

Enlighten about the service

  • The applicant would have to call 1076 and fix an appointment with a mobile sahayak, who will go to their home and help with filling forms, payment of fees and collection of documents.
  • The mobile sahayak would then submit the documents at the government office concerned, which would post the certificate or licence once issued.
  • Due to the large volume of calls, 2,728 were connected and 1,286 were answered by the operators, the government said.
  • The project, which has been outsourced by the Administrative Reforms Department to VFS Global, had received the Cabinet’s in-principle approval in November 2017.

State Specific

Odisha plans to set up 17 digital dispensaries in Ganjam

What

  • Seventeen digital dispensaries are going to be established in remote and inaccessible areas of Odisha’s Ganjam district to provide primary medical support.

Enlighten about the digital dispensaries

  • The digital dispensaries will provide outpatient department services through online video consultation with doctors.
  • The units will also serve as basic pathological testing laboratories and generic medicine-dispensing centres.
  • A pharmacist will manage the dispensary and patients will be able to video-chat with the doctor.
  • The pharmacist will upload required pathological test reports to the consulting doctor and will also dispense medicines as prescribed by the physician.
  • The digital dispensary project aims to establish units in remote and inaccessible areas that have no Primary Health Centre within a 5-km radius.

Bilateral Agreements

India and Czech Republic

What

  • Both the countries have signed five agreements on defence, scientific and industrial research, laser technology, agriculture and diplomatic visa waiver.
  • These agreements were signed after delegation-level talks between Indian President Ram Nath Kovind and Czech Republic counterpart Milos Zeman in Prague, capital of Czech Republic.
  • President Kovind visited Czech Republic on final leg of his state visit to three European nations – Cyprus, Bulgaria and Czech Republic.

Enlighten about the agreements

  • Five agreements signed are Cooperation between India’s Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and Czech Academy of Sciences.
  • Work plan to support Indo-Czech projects in diverse areas of science and technology.
  • Visa waiver agreement for diplomatic passport holders.
  • Cooperation in laser technology between Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) and ELI Beamlines.
  • Cooperation between Haryana Agricultural University and Czech University of Life Sciences
  • In addition, both countries also agreed to initiate cooperation in civil nuclear energy.
  • Details of prospective agreement to be signed between Global Centre for Nuclear Energy Partnership, Jhajjar (Haryana) and relevant Czech institution are to be worked out

Sources – PIB The Hindu livemint