Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - September 14, 2018

Educational Reforms

Peer-reviewed journals get UGC approval

What

  • The University Grants Commission has decided to treat all peer-reviewed journals at par with its own list of approved journals.

Benefits of doing this

  • It will be easier for university and college teachers to earn points to enhance their research score for recruitment and promotion

Enlighten about the research paper calculation

  • The methodology for calculating academic/research score offers points for “research papers in peer reviewed or UGC listed journals”.
  • For each such paper in science, engineering, medical, agriculture and veterinary sciences, a college or university teacher will earn eight points.
  • For each paper in languages, humanities, arts, social sciences, library, education, physical education, commerce, management and other related disciplines, the teacher will earn 10 points.
  • The higher education regulator had earlier come out with an exhaustive list of publications with a view to count papers published in these alone for award of points for academic recruitments and promotions.
  • The new step, has been taken to make recruitment and career growth easier for college and university teachers.

Health Report

India’s health report reads worse India State-level Disease Burden Initiative’ report

Where

  • Indians have registered a 50% increase in the prevalence of ischemic heart disease and stroke over the period from 1990 to 2016, with the number of diabetes cases climbing from 26 million to 65 million.
  • In the same period, the number of people ailing from chronic obstructive lung disease went up from 28 million to 55 million

Conducting agencies

  • The report is a joint initiative of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI) and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, along with experts and stakeholders associated with over 100 Indian institutions.

Enlighten about the report

  • The proportional contribution of cancers to the total loss of health in India has doubled from 1990 to 2016, but the incidence of different types of cancers varies widely between the States.
  • The State-wise disease burden showed that Punjab has been ranked at the top for the burden of ischemic heart disease, followed by Tamil Nadu, and vice-versa for diabetes.
  • West Bengal topped with the largest number of stroke cases followed by Odisha, according to the comprehensive analysis of several major non-communicable diseases (NCDs).
  • Kerala was ranked at the top for the burden of cancer, followed by Assam.
  • Being overweight was found to be a major risk factor for diabetes doubled in every State of India from 1990 to 2016.
  • The findings have been reported in a series of five research papers published in ‘The Lancet Global Health’, ‘The Lancet Public Health’, and ‘The Lancet Oncology’, along with a commentary in the medical journal The Lancet.
  • Factor trends for major NCDs, and suicides, in every State, over 26 years.”
  • NCDs have been increasing in India, a major finding of concern is that the highest rate of increase in ischemic heart disease and diabetes is in the less developed States of India.
  • The papers showed that the proportional contribution of cancers to disease burden in India has doubled since 1990, but the incidence of individual cancers varies widely between the States

Ayushman Bharat

  • Experts noted that the insights provided by these findings are very timely for the planning of Ayushman Bharat, the National Health Protection Mission announced recently by the Prime Minister.
  • The Council added that they are all set to make public Mahatma Gandhi's health records — general health, blood pressure data, etc. — as part of the 150th commemorative issue of the Indian Journal of Clinical Research.

Report

37% of women dying of suicide are Indians The India State-level Disease Burden report

What

  • Suicide is the leading cause of death in the 15-39 years age group in India.
  • Thirty-seven per cent of such deaths among women globally occur in India, and the suicide rate among the elderly has increased over the past quarter century.

Implementing agencies

  • The data was released by the India State-level Disease Burden Initiative, a joint study of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and other institutes including the Public Health Foundation of India and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

Enlighten about the suicide statics in India

  • India’s proportional contribution to global suicide deaths is high and increasing.
  • Suicide Death Rate (SDR) in India is higher than expected for its socio-demographic index level, especially for women, with substantial variations in the magnitude and men-to-women ratio between the states

What’s need to be done

  • India must develop a suicide-prevention strategy that takes into account these variations in order to address this major public health problem, it stated.
  • The highest age-specific SDR among women in 2016 was for ages 15-29 years.
  • Suicide was the leading cause of death in India in 2016 for those aged 15-39 years; 71.2% of the suicide deaths among women and 57.7% among men were in this age group
  • The very high contribution of India — from 1990 to 2016 — to the total suicide deaths in the world, especially among women, is a cause of worry.
  • The ten-fold variation between the States in the SDR for women emphasises the need to better understand the reasons behind these suicides and make concerted efforts to reduce this avoidable loss of predominantly young lives.”
  • India’s contribution to global suicide deaths increased from 25.3% in 1990 to 36.6% in 2016 among women, and from 18.7% to 24.3% among men
  • If the trends observed up to 2016 continued, the probability of India achieving Sustainable Development Goals for SDR reduction in 2030 was zero.
  • Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana, which are in the higher-middle and high epidemiological transition level groups, consistently had a higher SDR for both men and women.

Appointments

Justice Ranjan Gogoi appointed as next Chief Justice of India

What

  • The President of India has appointed Justice Ranjan Gogoi as the next Chief Justice of India.
  • He will assume the office of Chief Justice on 3rd October, 2018 after the retirement of the current Chief Justice, Justice Dipak Misra.
  • Born on 18th November, 1954, Justice Gogoi was enrolled as an advocate in 1978.
  • He practised in the Gauhati High Court on constitutional, taxation and company matters.
  • He was appointed as a Permanent Judge of the Gauhati High Court on 28th February, 2001.
  • On 9th September, 2010, he was transferred to the Punjab & Haryana High Court. He was appointed as Chief Justice of Punjab & Haryana High Court on 12th February, 2011. He was appointed as a Judge of the Supreme Court of India on 23rd April, 2012.

Ministry of Minority Affairs

National Scholarship Portal Mobile App

What

  • Union Minister for Minority Affairs Shri Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi launched the country's first "National Scholarship Portal Mobile App" (NSP Mobile App) here

Enlighten about the portal

  • National Scholarship Portal Mobile App" will ensure a smooth, accessible and hassle-free scholarship system for students from poor and weaker sections.
  • All the scholarships are being given directly into bank accounts of the needy students under Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) mode through the National Scholarship Portal which has ensured that there is no scope for duplication and leakage.
  • "National Scholarship Portal Mobile App" will prove beneficial for students, and will help in strengthening a transparent mechanism for the scholarships.
  • The mobile app will be beneficial for the students in many ways: students will get all the information regarding various scholarships on this mobile app; they will be able to apply for scholarships sitting in their home; students can upload necessary documents on this mobile app; students can check the status of their application, scholarship disbursement etc. Students from far-flung/hilly areas/North East will be the most benefitted.
  • The Ministry of Minority Affairs has completely gone online, which has eliminated middlemen and benefits of every scheme are reaching directly to the needy without any obstacle.
  • Ministry of Minority Affairs has worked with commitment to “3E- Education, Employment & Empowerment”.
  • In the last about one year, thousands of educational institutions of all Minority communities including Madarsas, have been included in the mainstream education system by connecting them with "3T-Teacher, Tiffin, Toilet".

Social Justice & Empowerment

DEPwD To organize ‘National Conference of District Disability Rehabilitation Centres

  • The Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (Divyangjan), Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment is organising a ‘National Conference of District Disability Rehabilitation Centres’
  • District Disability Rehabilitation Centre (DDRC) provide comprehensive services to persons with disabilities and facilitate creation of infrastructure and capacity building at the district level for awareness generation, rehabilitation and training of rehabilitation professionals.

Enlighten about DEPwD

  • The Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities in the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment facilitates empowerment of the persons with disabilities, who as per Census 2011 are 2.68 crore and are 2.21 percent of the total population of the Country.
  • These include persons with Seeing,Hearing, Speech, Movement,Mental Retardation, Mental Illness, Multiple Disability and any other disabilities.

Ministry of Tourism

First Tribal Circuit Project under Swadesh Darshan Scheme to be inaugurated in Chhattisgarh

What

  • Shri. K.J Alphons, the Minister of State for Tourism (IC), Government of India will be inaugurating the project “Development of Tribal Circuit: Jashpur- Kunkuri- Mainpat- Kamleshpur- Maheshpur- Kurdar-Sarodadadar- Gangrel- Kondagaon- Nathiya Nawagaon- Jagdalpur- Chitrakoot- Tirthgarh in Chhattisgarh” implemented under the Swadesh Darshan Scheme of Ministry of Tourism

Enlighten about the tribal project

  • This project which is to be inaugurated was sanctioned by the Ministry of Tourism in February 2016 for Rs. 99.21 Crores.
  • The project covers thirteen sites in Chhattisgarh i.e. Jashpur, Kunkuri, Mainpat, Kamleshpur, Maheshpur, Kurdar, Sarodadadar, Gangrel, Kondagaon, Nathiya Nawagaon, Jagdalpur, Chitrakoot, Tirthgarh.

Enlighten about Swadesh Darshan scheme

  • It is one of the flagship schemes of the Ministry of tourism, for development of thematic circuits in the country in a planned and prioritised manner.
  • The scheme was launched in 2014 -15
  • Development of Tribes and Tribal Culture is one of the prime area of focus for the Ministry of Tourism.
  • The Ministry is carrying out an array of activities for development and promotion of tourism in the tribal region.
  • The Ministry is developing the tourism infrastructure in the region under its schemes of Swadesh Darshan.
  • Under the tribal circuit theme of the scheme the Ministry has sanctioned 4 projects to Nagaland, Telangana and Chhattisgarh for Rs. 381.37 Crores.
  • Chhattisgarh is known for its exceptional scenic beauty and uniquely rich cultural heritage.
  • The state has always been synonymous with tribes and tribal culture.
  • Over one third of the state population is of tribes, the tribes here are unique in their lifestyles and have beautifully retained their own culture and traditions for centuries.
  • Given the significant dominance of indigenous population in the region, the Ministry of Tourism, Government of India has selected Chhattisgarh to be included in the Swadesh Darshan Scheme under Tribal Circuit theme, with an objective to acknowledge the sovereignty of tribes, promote the rich and diverse primitive assets in the state.

Sources – The Hindu , PIB , Indian express