Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - September 21, 2018

Internal Security

28 Bru families in Tripura camp return to Mizoram

What

  • At least 28 Bru families from a refugee camp in Tripura entered Mizoram as part of the repatriation process which commenced from August 25
  • The repatriation process is scheduled to be completed by September 25.
  • Earlier Ministry of Home Affairs had appealed to the refugees living in Tripura relief camps to return to Mizoram as assistances doled out to them would be withdrawn from October 1.

Enlighten about the community

  • Thousands of Brus have been living in Tripura camps since late 1997 in the wake of communal tension triggered by the killing of Lalzawmliana, a forest guard, inside the Dampa Tiger Reserve, by Bru National Liberation Front militants.
  • The first attempt to repatriate them in November 2009 triggered another wave of exodus after militants gunned down a youth at Bungthuam village.
  • Though some Bru families had already returned to Mizoram during a number of repatriation processes and on their own will, many of them continued to refuse to leave Tripura till date despite many attempts.
  • In accordance with the agreement, all the Bru refugees were to be repatriated before September 30.
  • The agreement stipulated that Rs 4 lakh for each repatriated Bru family would be deposited in the bank account of the head of the family which would mature after three years and payment of Rs 1.5 lakh would be given as housing assistance.
  • Each repatriated Bru family would be given Rs 5,000 through direct benefit transfer every month and a free ration for two years.

Cabinet Decisions

Cabinet clears ₹3,466 crore dam improvement project

What

  • The government has approved a 65% hike, and extended by two years, a project to improve the stability and working of dams in 11 States.
  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA), chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved the Dam Rehabilitation Improvement Project (DRIP) project
  • Out of the ₹3,466 crore cleared, ₹2,628 crore would be funded by the World Bank and ₹747 crore by the States and Implementing Agencies (IAs), and the balance ₹91 crore by the Central Water Commission (CWC).
  • Originally, the total cost of DRIP was ₹2,100 crore with the States expected to fund ₹1,968 crore and the Centre ₹132 crore.
  • Initially, the six-year project commenced on April 18, 2012, with a scheduled closing on June 30, 2018.
  • This has now been extended to June 2020.

Dam Rehabilitation Improvement Project (DRIP)

  • A dam safety Bill that sets directives on how the States and the Centre ought to have an institutional mechanism to better manage dams is still to be discussed in Parliament.
  • The (DRIP) project will improve the safety and operational performance of selected existing dams and mitigate risks to ensure safety of downstream population and property.
  • The primary beneficiaries are both urban and rural communities dependent on reservoir and downstream communities, who are prone to risk associated with dam failure or operational failure
  • There are 198 existing dams in Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Jharkhand (Damodar Valley Corporation) and Uttarakhand (Uttarakhand Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited) that would benefit from the project.
  • In lieu of the funds, dam managers would have to adhere to recommendations by the CWC as well as subject themselves to six monthly reviews by the World Bank and an audit by an independent French agency
  • Kerala, which saw devastating floods and questions raised on the management of its dams, will see 16 of the reservoirs managed by its Water Resources Department and 12 by that State’s Electricity Department, get funded under the DRIP programme to the tune of ₹ 514 crore.

Defence

Inaugural Naval Flight Test Seminar held at Goa

What
The inaugural Naval Flight Test Seminar was held at Goa Enlighten about the seminar

  • The seminar witnessed some intensive brain-storming sessions on flight testing fixed and rotary wing aircraft towards integrating them on the aircraft carrier and small decks.
  • There were also a series of papers which were presented on weapon integration on service aircraft and towards building and sustaining the training for Naval Experimental Test Pilots and Flight Test Engineers.
  • The inaugural flight test seminar was organized under the aegis of Headquarters Western Naval Command and Headquarters Naval Aviation under which a Naval Flight Test Squadron was recently set up at Goa.
  • The Naval Flight Test Squadron, since its inception in Jul 17, has been undertaking various flight testing tasks on fixed wing and rotary wing aircraft of Indian Navy.

Successful Flight Test of Prahar

What

  • Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully flight tested the indigenously developed surface-to-surface tactical missile ‘Prahar’, from Launch Complex-III, ITR, Balasore
  • ‘Prahar’ is a contemporary weapon system capable of carrying multiple types of warheads and neutralizing a wide variety of targets.

Home Affairs

Union Home Minister launches two portals to strengthen Women Safety Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children (CCPWC) portal to check objectionable online content; National Database on Sexual Offenders (NDSO) to aid in monitoring & investigation of sexual crimes

What

  • Union Home Minister, Shri Rajnath Singh launched two separate portals to strengthen Women Safety.

cybercrime.gov.in

  • The portal “cybercrime.gov.in” will receive complaints from citizens on objectionable online content related to child pornography, child sexual abuse material, sexually explicit material such as rape and gang rape.

National Database on Sexual Offenders (NDSO)

  • The National Database on Sexual Offenders (NDSO), which is accessible only to law enforcement agencies, will assist in effectively tracking and investigating cases of sexual offences.

The two portals

  • The two portals launched today are part of efforts in the direction of strengthening security of women and children.
  • The two portals will be extremely helpful to the law enforcement agencies especially in investigation where offenders migrate to other states after committing the crime.

Enlighten about Cyber Crime Prevention Against Women and Children (CCPWC)

  • The Cyber Crime Prevention Against Women and Children (CCPWC) portal is convenient and user friendly that will enable complainants in reporting cases without disclosing their identity.
  • The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) will proactively identify such objectionable content and take up with intermediaries for its removal.

Enlighten about National Database on Sexual Offenders (NDSO)

  • The second portal unveiled by the Union Home Minister today relates to the National Database on Sexual Offenders (NDSO).
  • It is a central database of “sexual offenders” in the country which will be maintained by the NCRB for regular monitoring and tracking by the State Police.
  • The database is accessible only to the law enforcement agencies for investigation and monitoring purpose.
  • The database will include offenders convicted under charges of rape, gang rape, POCSO and eve teasing. At present the database contains 4.4 lakh entries.
  • The State Police have been requested to regularly update the database from 2005 onwards. The database includes name, address, photograph and fingerprint details for each entry. However, the database will not compromise any individual’s privacy.

Health and Family Welfare

Health Ministry partners with Dell and Tata Trusts to provide technology solution for a nationwide healthcare program

What

  • Ministry of Health and Family Welfare exchanged the MoUs with the Tata Trusts and Dell to provide a technological platform for nationwide prevention, control, screening and management program of Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
  • The National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS) stresses on the preventive and promotive aspects of healthcare, which is also impressed upon in the National Health Policy 2017.
  • This ambitious program of reaching out to such large target group cannot be successfully implemented without a strong IT backbone.
  • Aimed at bringing healthcare technology transformation in Comprehensive Primary Health Care NCD program under Ayushman Bharat, the Health Ministry is working with Dell as technology partner and the Tata Trusts as deployment partner.
  • A cloud-based mobile, web and analytics solution has been developed to digitize health records to aid the population-based screening program, to bring quality health services at door step, to enable increased productivity for health workers and doctors, and to facilitate monitoring of delivery of services by state and district administrators.

MSME Insider

What

  • Union Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) has launched its monthly e-newsletter MSME Insider.
  • The e-newsletter will give information of activities undertaken by MSME Ministry and also act as bridge between Ministry and millions of MSME units spread across the country.

MSME Insider e-newsletter

  • The e-newsletter will provide regular ow of information about sector to MSMEs.
  • It will also help in developing two-way communication between MSME Ministry and its stakeholders.
  • It will also create awareness about schemes and other activities undertaken by MSME Ministry and its affiliated organizations.
  • It will also provide information about latest innovations in the field of technology, upcoming events and training programs for the month and will also carry interesting articles on relevant topics.