Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - September 22, 2018

Women Empowerment

National Sex offenders’ registry launched with 4.4 lakh entries The first-of-its-kind database has records of convicts from 2005

What

  • The first-of-its-kind national sex offenders’ registry launched has names and details of some 4.4 lakh people convicted for various sexual offences across the country.
  • The database is for those convicted for sexual offences 2005 onwards.
  • It includes name, address, photograph and fingerprint details of the convict.

Enlighten about NDSO

  • India became the ninth country in the world to have a National Database on Sexual Offenders (NDSO), accessible only to law enforcement agencies for the purpose of “investigation and monitoring”.
  • The database will be maintained by the National Crime Records Bureau, that will also track whether the State police were updating the records on time.
  • The database will include offenders convicted under charges of rape, gang rape, Protection of Children from Sexual Offenders Act (POCSO) and eve teasing.

cybercrime.gov.in portal

  • It will receive complaints from citizens on objectionable online content related to child pornography, child sexual abuse material, and sexually explicit material such as rape and gang rape.
  • The complaints registered through this portal will be handled by police authorities of respective State/UTs.
  • There are other features, such as a victim or complainant can track his/her report by opting for ‘report and track’ option using his/her mobile number

Environment

Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary recorded 98,532 birds this year Open-billed storks

What

  • The number of winged visitors at the Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary in West Bengal’s Uttar Dinjapur district has crossed all previous records.
  • As per a census carried out by the State Forest Department, the wildlife sanctuary, spread over 130 hectares, recorded 98,532 birds this year.
  • This the highest number of birds which has visited Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary over the past several years.
  • The sanctuary has one of the highest numbers of Openbill stork population not only in India but in Asia and this makes the sanctuary unique.
  • The sanctuary, which is also known as the Kulik Bird Sanctuary, drawing its name from the river Kulik, attracts a large number of tourists every year, including birdwatchers and wildlife enthusiasts.

Factoids

PM to launch Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana at Ranchi, inauguratePakyong Airport in Sikkim

What

  • The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, will launch the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) at Ranchi, Jharkhand, on September 23, 2018.Under this scheme, over 10 crore families will be provided health assurance worth Rs. 5 lakh each, every year.

Pakyong Airport

  • On September 24, the Prime Minister will inaugurate Pakyong Airport, which will bring the State of Sikkim on the country’s aviation map.
  • The airport will provide a big boost to connectivity in the Himalayan State, and also give a fillip to tourism.

Disaster Management

Integrated Control Room for Emergency Response (ICR-ER)

What

  • Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)

Why

  • to set up of state-of-the-art Integrated Control Room for Emergency Response (ICR-ER).

Integrated Control Room for Emergency Response (ICR-ER) ICR-ER

  • It will cater to the requirement of disaster management as well as internal security.
  • This project will be executed under overall supervision of MHA with technical support from ISRO.
  • ICR-ER will help to address requirement of receipt of information on near real-time basis, strategic level monitoring, situation awareness, command and control, preparedness and response in the diverse internal security situation and disaster related emergencies.

International

Saudi Arabia likely to join CPEC

What

  • Pakistan has invited Saudi Arabia to join $50 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) as the third strategic partner.
  • Saudi Arabia is first country that Pakistan has invited to become partner in CPEC.

Intention of Pakistan

  • Pakistan’s main interest in inviting Saudi Arabia in CPEC is to ensure huge investment from cash rich gulf country.
  • Concern of rising debt levels in PAKISTAN especially due to unsustainable loans from China for CPEC projects, compromising cash-strapped Pakistan’s sovereignty.

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)

  • It is a part of China’s multi-billion dollar Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), aimed at enhancing China’s influence around the world
  • CPEC aims to construct and upgrade transportation network, energy projects, deep-water port at Gwadar and special economic zones (SEZs) to eventually support Pakistan’s industrial development as manufacturing hub by 2030.
  • CPEC will linking Gwadar in South Western Pakistan to China’s North Western region Xinjiang through vast network of highways and railways.

Science and Technology

ISRO setting up launch pad for Gaganyaan mission

What

  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is setting up a third launch pad at Sriharikota to undertake the Gaganyaan manned space flight programme
  • ISRO is scouting for a location on the western sea coast near Gujarat to set up another launch pad for Small Satellite Launch Vehicles (SSLV).

Third launch pad

  • ISRO has two launch pads currently, which are already full.
  • A third launch pad is being set up for the human space flight. It will be ready in time for the mission
  • In the Independence Day address this year from the Red Fort, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had announced that an Indian will go to space by 2022.
  • ISRO has announced an ambitious roadmap to put a three-man Indian crew in a low earth orbit for 5-7 days by the 75th Independence Day.

Enlighten about ISRO work

  • ISRO has begun work on the manned mission in 2004, and that many of the critical technologies required for human spaceflight have already been validated through various tests — Space Capsule Recovery Experiment, Crew Module Atmospheric Re-Entry Experiment and Pad Abort Test.
  • ISRO will use its GSLV Mk-III launch vehicle, which can carry the heavier payload of the Gaganyaan, and this will take off from the new launch pad.

New location for smaller satellite

  • In addition to the third launch pad at Sriharikota, ISRO is also scouting for a new location near Gujarat for the SSLV.
  • ISRO is developing the SSLV to offer affordable launch options for smaller satellites through Antrix, the space agency’s commercial arm.
  • ISRO currently piggybacks smaller satellites on the PSLV and GSLV along with bigger satellites.
  • The SSLV is expected to reduce the launch time as well as cost less to launch small satellites, which are much in demand.

Sources – PIB , The Hindu