Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - September 8, 2017

Bilateral Relations

PM visits Ananda Temple, Bagan

  • The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today visited the Ananda Temple, at Bagan in Myanmar.

Ananda Temple –

  • A Buddhist temple built in the early 12th century.
  • It is the second largest temple in the entire Bagan region.
  • The Archaeological Survey of India has carried out structural conservation and chemical preservation work of this temple.
  • Restoration work is being carried out after damage during the earthquake last year.

The Prime Minister signed the visitors' book at the Temple, and unveiled a plaque signifying the contribution of India, in the restoration of the Ananda Temple.

Archeological Survey of India (work outside India)

  • The ASI has undertaken several major conservation works across various countries of Asia.
  • Besides the Ananda Temple, these include the Bamiyan Buddhas in Afghanistan, the Angkor Wat in Cambodia, the Ta Prohm Temple in Cambodia, the Vat Phou Temple in Laos, and the My Son Temple in Vietnam.

Labour Ministry

National Minimum Monthly wage for labours – not fixed yet

  • The labour ministry has clarified that the Centre has not fixed Rs 18,000 as national minimum monthly wage under the Code on Wages Bill.
  • No move yet to revise the formula of fixing wages by increasing the number of family members from three to six, as demanded by trade unions.

Enlighten about it -

  • The Minimum Wages Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha last month.
  • Some news reports have been published regarding the fixation of minimum wage as Rs 18,000 per month by the central government.

The Code on Wages, 2017 -

It seeks to consolidate laws relating to wages by replacing -

(i) The Payment of Wages Act, 193
(ii) The Minimum Wages Act, 1949
(iii) The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965 and
(iv) The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976.

  • The Code will apply to establishments where any industry, trade, business, manufacturing or occupation is carried out. This will also include government establishments.
  • The central government will make wage-related decisions for its authorities, and establishments related to railways, mines, and oil fields, among others.
  • State governments will make decisions for any other establishments.
  • Wages include salary, allowance, or any other component expressed in monetary terms. This will not include bonus payable to employees or any travelling allowance, among others.


The first National Canine Seminar organised by NSG

  • The first National Canine Seminar organized by National Security Guard (NSG), in NSG Campus, Manesar (Gurugram), Haryana today.
  • The NSG, popularly known as "The Black Cats" of the country is organizing this two-day seminar.
  • The theme of the two days National Canine Seminar is

''Canine as Tactical Weapon in Fight against Terrorism''

  • To discuss and deliberate on the techniques of dog training and strategies of deploying the dogs in Counter Terrorism/Counter Insurgency scenario.


Exercise Yudh Abhyas – 2017

  • As part of the ongoing Indo-US defence cooperation
  • A joint military training, Exercise Yudh Abhyas - 2017 is being conducted at Joint Base Lewis McChord, Washington, USA
  • From 14 to 27 September 17.

Enlighten about Exercise Yudh Abhyas

  • It is one of the largest joint running military training and defence corporation endeavors between India and USA.
  • This will be the 13th edition of the joint exercise hosted alternately between the two countries.
  • Exercise Yudh Abhyas will provide an opportunity to the armed forces of both countries to train in an integrated manner at Battalion level with joint planning at Brigade level.
  • Both armies will jointly train, plan and execute a series of well-developed operations for neutralisation of threats of varied nature.
  • In the end a joint exercise will be undertaken by both countries in an operational setting under a UN mandate.

International Day

International Literacy Day – 8 SEPTEMBER 2017

Ananda Temple –

  • The 51st International Literacy Day is being celebrated on 8th September, 2017
  • at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi
  • The theme announced by UNESCO is `Literacy in a digital world’.
  • The programme would include; felicitation to the dignitaries, distribution of Saakshar Bharat Awards to the best performing States, Districts, Gram Panchayats and NGOs.
  • The International Literacy Day is celebrated on 8th September every year throughout the world.
  • On this day, in the year 1965 the World Congress of Ministers of Education met in Tehran for the first time to discuss the programme of education at the international level.
  • The UNESCO in its 14th Session in November, 1966, declared 8th September as the International Literacy Day.


  • The National Literacy Mission Authority started celebrating International Literacy Day every year from 1988 onwards.
  • The eradication of illiteracy has been one of the major national concerns of the Govt. of India since independence.
  • The occasion of ILD is used for raising public awareness to eradicate illiteracy and create environment in favour of adult education programmes.


“New India- We Resolve to Make” exhibition cum cultural event in Mumbai

Ananda Temple –

  • Union Minister for Minority Affairs, Shri Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi said that tolerance is the culture and commitment of India and Indians and it is our Constitutional duty to protect and strengthen this culture, in Mumbai, today.
  • “New India- We Resolve to Make” exhibition cum cultural event at Bandra Railway Station, Mumbai, jointly organised by Parliamentary Affairs Ministry and Container Corporation of India
  • Under “New India” vision, the Government has been working with commitment to welfare and empowerment of that poor section of the society which remained the below poverty line even after seven decades of Independence
  • “Sankalp se Sidhi” campaign to make India free from corruption, poverty, filth, communalism, terrorism and casteism. We have taken a pledge to make a “New India” by 2022.
  • Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs is organising photo exhibition“New India- We Resolve to Make” at 39 places across the country. The exhibitions are aimed at promoting the campaign launched for “New India”.
  • The focus of the exhibitions will be on India’s freedom movement from 1857 to 1947 showing the various activities initiated to attain the freedom from the British rule-
  • “The First War of Independence, 1857”
    “The Champaran Satyagrah”,
    “The Non-cooperation Movement”
    “The Dandi Yatra” and
    “The Quit India Movement”.