Daily Current Affairs

Prelims Prominence - September 9, 2017

Defence

Eastern Fleet Ships on Overseas Deployment to East and South-East Asia

Ananda Temple –

  • In pursuant of the India’s ‘Act East Policy’, two Indian Naval Ships proceeded on deployment to East and South-East Asia this year
  • INS Satpura and
  • INS Kadmatt
  • To visit 12 ports in Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Philippines, South Korea, Japan, Brunei and Russia.
  • During this deployment, the ships will participate in the International Fleet Review hosted by the Association of South East Asian Countries (ASEAN) at Thailand.
  • They will visit Singapore, Vietnam, Philippines, Cambodia and Brunei to commemorate the 25th anniversary of India-ASEAN dialogue.
  • The ships will also participate in the Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) exercise at Malaysia.
  • At Russia, the ships will participate in the annual India-Russia bilateral exercise INDRA.
  • This year, for the first time, Ex-INDRA will witness the joint participation of Army, Navy and Air Force of both countries, thus, a major milestone in the bilateral relations between the two countries.

India had made great strides in field of warship design and construction.

INS Satpura and INS Kadmatt are both indigenously built warships.

  • INS Satpura, synonymous with the formidable mountain range in Central India, is a multi-role stealth frigate
  • INS Kadmatt, named after an island in the beautiful Lakshadweep chain, is an Anti-Submarine Corvette

Heavy Industries

Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of hybrid and electric vehicles (FAME)

  • The Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises has extended the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (FAME)-India scheme by six months to promote electric and hybrid vehicles.
  • The Phase 1 of the scheme was effective from April 2015, to March 2017, but had received six-month extension till end-September 2017.

Now it has been extended by another six months up to March 31, 2018.

Enlighten about FAME India Scheme –

  • FAME India Scheme The FAME India scheme was launched in 2015 under National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) with an aim to promote eco-friendly vehicles in the country.
  • Its objective is to provide fiscal and monetary incentives for adoption and market creation of both hybrid and electric technologies vehicles in the country.
  • It also aims to support hybrid or electric vehicles market development and its manufacturing eco-system in country in order to achieve self-sustenance in stipulated period.
  • It is being administered by the Heavy Industries Ministry.
  • It will provide demand incentives to electric and hybrid vehicles from two-wheeler to buses.

National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020

  • NEMMP aims to achieve national fuel security by promoting hybrid and electric vehicles in country.
  • It has set ambitious target of 6-7 million sales of hybrid and electric vehicles year on year from 2020 onwards

Defence

Induction of women in Indian Army

  • The Indian Army has finalised plan to induct women in military police.
  • The plan is seen as major step towards breaking gender barriers in force.
  • Under this plan 800 women will be inducted initially with yearly intake of 52.
  • The decision to induct women in Corps of Military Police will help in investigating allegations of gender specific crimes.
  • Currently, women are allowed in select areas such as medical, educational, legal, signals and engineering wings of Indian Army.

Military police

  • The role of military police includes policing cantonments and army establishments, preventing breach of rules and regulations by soldiers, maintaining movement of soldiers.
  • It also provides logisticial support during peace and war, handle prisoners of war and extend aid to civil police whenever

Bilateral Relations

Bali Declaration – refused by India

  • India has refused to be a part of Bali Declaration adopted at conclusion of World Parliamentary Forum on Sustainable Development held in Bali, Indonesia to show of solidarity with Myanmar.
  • It was not adopted because it carried “inappropriate” reference to violence in Rakhine State from where 1,25,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh and was not in line with agreed global principles of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Enlighten about the Declaration -

  • It calls on all parties to contribute to restoration of stability and security, exercise maximum self-restraint from using violent means, respect human rights of all people in Rakhine State regardless of their faith and ethnicity and facilitate safe access for humanitarian assistance.

India’s Objection

  • India objected part of declaration highlighting deep concern on ongoing violence in Rakhine State of Myanmar.
  • India reiterated its stance that purpose of convening Parliamentary forum was to arrive at mutual consensus for implementation of SDGs which required inclusive and broad-based development processes.

Enlighten about Rohingya Muslim -

  • Rohingya is ethnic Muslim minority group, largely comprising Muslims living primarily in Myanmar’s western Rakhine state.
  • They practice a Su-infected variation of Sunni Islam.
  • They differ from Myanmar’s dominant Buddhist groups religiously, ethnically and linguistically.
  • They speak Bengali dialect, as opposed to commonly spoken Burmese language in Myanmar.
  • Myanmar considers Rohingya’s as illegal Bengali immigrants, despite fact that many they have resided in Rakhine province of Myanmar for centuries.
  • The Myanmar government even refuses to grant them citizenship status, and as a result they do not have any legal documentation, effectively making them stateless.
  • They are also restricted from freedom of movement, state education and civil service jobs.
  • UN has often described Rohingyas as one of the most persecuted minorities in the world

Climate Change

PARALI Island – VANISHED

  • Parali I island, one of biodiversity-rich uninhabited islands part of Lakshadweep has disappeared due to coastal erosion
  • Another four such islands in Lakshadweep sea are shrinking fast.
  • The researcher had conducted studies on assessment of biodiversity conning to five uninhabited islands–

Parali I, II and III, Bangaram, Thinnakara in Lakshadweep, an archipelago of 36 islands in Lakshadweep sea.

Enlighten About The Report

  • The assessment related to geo-morphological changes associated with each island for period of 45 years was carried out using geospatial techniques such as Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) to confirm the claim.
  • Parali I island, part of Bangaram atoll which was 0.032 square km in 1968 has been eroded to an extent of 100%, resulting in its inundation.
  • The study has recommended of a bio protection strategy using mangroves, in addition to the conventional physical protection measures from coastal erosion.

CONCERNS

  • The complete erosion and inundation of Parali I is pointing to gravity of issues associated with coastal erosion within atoll.
  • It calls for urgent measures to be implemented on each islet of the atoll in Lakshadweep sea to check further erosion.
  • Further, due to increasing global temperature because of climate change, islands and coastal areas are facing erosion and inundation due to rising sea levels.
  • India’s coasts and islands, are densely populated, are highly vulnerable. There is urgent need to start preparing for building defenses to protect coastlines and islands as sea levels are predicted to rise further.

Agriculture

Building a new India: Pledge to Double Farmers Income by 2022 Seven-point Strategy

  • To improve the economic condition of the farmers,
  • To double the farmer income, a large number of officials and farmers have been taking a pledge at events organized by the KVK since August 16, 2017.

Seven-point Strategy

1. Increase in production
It is important to improve irrigation efficiency to increase production. Therefore, our government has increased the irrigation budget. ‘Per Drop More Crop’ is our motto.
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana has been launched to mitigate the drought effect and to ensure ‘water to every farm’. Hence, pending medium and large projects have also been expedited.
Watershed development and water harvesting & management projects have been put on the fast track.

2. Effective use of input cost
Introduction of Soil Health Card Scheme to inform farmers about nutrients status of the soils.
balanced use of fertilisers.
Curbing of illegal use of urea and adopting Neem coated urea
Encouragement of organic farming
The adoption of new technologies in agriculture such as space technology is helping in better planning through forecasting of crop production, agricultural land-use mapping, drought prediction, and utilisation of fallow paddy fields for Rabi crops.
Apart from this, farmers are getting timely information and advisory services through online and telecom mediums such as Kisan Call Centre and Kisan Suvidha App.

3. Reduction of post-harvest losses
Encouraging farmers to use warehouses and avoid distressed sales.
Loans against negotiable warehouse receipts are being provided with interest subvention benefits.

4. Value Addition
The government is also promoting quality through food processing. Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana has been started and Rs.6, 000 crore has been allocated for this project.
Under this scheme, food-processing capabilities will be developed by working on the forward and backward linkage of agro processing cluster.

5. Reforms in Agriculture Marketing
The Central Government is emphasizing on the need of reforms in agriculture marketing.
e-NAM was launched with three reforms and so far, 455 mandis have been linked to this platform.
Online trading has begun on various mandis.
In addition, the government has circulated model Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) Act, which includes private market yards and direct marketing. In addition, the Government is also working on a Model Act to promote contract farming.

6. Risk, Security and Assistance

  • The Government has initiated Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) to reduce the possible risks.
  • New technologies like Smartphones, satellite imagery and drones facilities are being utilised to carry out faster assessments of crop loss under PMFBY.

7. Allied Activities
I. Horticulture
The Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) scheme is playing an important role in doubling the income of farmers. For this, we are providing better planting materials, improved seed and protected cultivation, high-density plantation, rejuvenation, and precision farming.
II. Integrated Farming
Our government is also using Integrated Farming System (IFS). In addition to agriculture, the focus is also on horticulture, livestock, and bee keeping. This scheme will not only increase farmers’ income, it will also mitigate the effect of drought, flood, and other natural disasters.
III. White Revolution
Indigenous breeds of cows are being conserved under Rashtriya Gokul Mission. The genetic makeup is improving and increasing the production of milk. The government is set to establish Dairy Processing and Infrastructure Development Fund
IV. Blue Revolution
Blue Revolution: Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries is a new initiative and it includes activities such as inland fisheries, Aquaculture, Mariculture undertaken by National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB). Apart from this Deep Sea Fishing scheme has also been initiated.
V. Sub-Mission on Agroforestry
For the first time Sub-Mission on Agroforestry has been initiated with an aim to promote inter-cropping. Under this scheme, “Med Per Ped” campaign has also been included.
VI. Beekeeping
A large number of farmers/beekeepers are being trained for bee keeping. The bee keepers and honey societies/companies/firms are being registered. Integrated Bee Keeping Development Centres (IBDC) are being established in the states.
VII. Rural Backyard Poultry Development
Under this scheme, supplementary income and nutritional support are provided to poultry farmers. Awareness program sensitizing sheep, goat, pig and duck farmers about opportunities to enhance income through Rural Backyard Poultry Development mission is being carried out.